This research study investigated human resources training and development practices in a business organization. The purpose of this study was to find out if training and development programs in business organization have impact on organizational performance. This study was descriptive. Survey methods were used to generate data for analysis. Some hypotheses were formulated to guide the major activities of this study.

The major findings of this study were as follows:-
i.                   Training and development improve performance
ii.                Training and development improve employee motivation
iii.             SCOA Nigeria Plc use mostly on-the-job training, apprenticeship development, special cases to train and develop their workers.

The major conclusion of this study is that training and development programs are very important to business organization in relationship to improvement of organizational performance.

The following recommendations have been made for improvement:
a.      Management should finance training and development programs adequately

b.     Experts training and development staff should be employed, etc.

The conceptual framework for this study is based on personnel management as a field of study. According to Flippo (1986), personnel management is the planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance and separation of human resource to the end that individual, organizational and societal objectives are accomplished. From the above definition of human resource management, it can be observed that personnel management involves two (2) major types of activities. These are managerial functions of personnel management and operative functions of personnel management.

Managerial functions of personnel management involves:-

1.      Human resources planning
2.      Organizing human resources
3.      Directing human resources
4.      Controlling human resources

The second function of personnel management involves the operative function of personnel management. They involve the following activities.

1.      Procurement of human resource
2.      Development of human resource
3.      Compensation of human resource
4.      Integration of human resource
5.         Maintenance of human resource
6.         Separation or disengagement of human resource.

The present study falls within the operative function of development of human resource. This will be discussed in details in chapter 2 which deals on theoretical framework for this study.

Organizations are founded and built on two fundamental forces – people and goals. Recently, organizations have come to realize that people are their most valuable resource or assets. The success or failure of every organization still depends to a large extent on the quality and level of motivation of its workforce. People are the causative factor that begin and impose change and transformation on the other factors of production, Onukogu (1982). According to him; human resources need thoughtful provision, utilization and preservation. This consideration has led experts to focus more on people at work and their nature. But what is the nature of people at work (i.e. pursuing the goals of the organization).

The statement of problem in this study is that poor training and development program affect organizational performance negatively which, as a result of poor assessment phase, lead to poor training and development in employees. To what extent are resources committed to training and development? Does the organization in question have adequate facilities and personnel for training and development

1.                  To ascertain if organizations commit adequate human and material resources towards training and development activities.
2.                  To identify the human resources training and development strategies adopted by SCOA Nigeria Plc.
3.                  To determine if these training and development activities improve organizational performance and employee motivation.
4.                  To ascertain the quality of training and development delivered in terms of its financing.
5.                  To recommend how training and development program can be improved to meet its objectives and that of the organization in question.

1.5       HYPOTHESES
The research hypotheses for this research are based on the following:

Hypothesis 1:
When employees are effectively trained and developed, employees skills and talents improve

Hypothesis 2:
When employees are effectively trained and developed, executive decision making skills improve

Hypothesis 3:
When employees are effectively trained and developed, employee commitment and motivation improve.

Hypothesis 4:
When employees are effectively trained and developed, organizational performance improves.

The result of this study will assist to emphasize that human resources training and development is necessary for all levels of staff as a result of the ever changing environment of SCOA Nigeria plc more especially in the area of organizational development.

This study will also assist the top management of SCOA Nigeria Plc to assess their commitment to human resource training and development in terms of proper funding which assures quality training in an organization and rightful skills acquired.

Another significance is that the impact of the training and development on the employees is ascertained in terms of its relationship with promoting employees and increment in salary. It is often times expected that when employees are updated through training and a new position occupied in the case of transfer, that there is an increment of salary and promotion too.

SCOA Nigeria Plc is a company which commenced operation and got incorporated as a limited liability company in June 1969.

Being a conglomerate whose principal activities of the company are distribution, maintenance and leasing of motor vehicles; sales and service of power generators and plants; sales and service of : earthmoving equipment, construction and mining equipment, industrial compressors, agricultural equipment etc show that, its expectations and practices are challenging and requires a lot of hard work and, thus the need for training and development will always be evident to meet up with these challenges.

The use of the training model is usually not exhaustive and thus there was need to investigate if this conglomerate does likewise.

An organization of two or more people who work together to accomplish an objective under authority and leadership. Nwachukwu (1988).

Is the process of planning, organizing, leading and controlling the efforts of organization members and of using all other organizational resources to achieve stated organizational objectives. Stoner (1982).

Personnel Management
The planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance, and separation of human resources to the end that individual, organizational and societal objective are accomplished. (Flippo1980).

One who has no authority over others but has been given a specific task to perform under managerial supervision. Flippo (1980).

Planned programmes designed to improve performance by non-managers to enable them perform specific tasks such as operating machines, computer e.t.c. Casio (1989).

Planned programmes designed to improve performance by managers to enable them manage. Examples are skills and knowledge to negotiate with partners, decision skills etc. Casio (1989).

Employee undergoing a planned training program. Okoye (1999).

Training Need
Perceived or real skill deficiencies in employees which need updating, correction and consolidating. Such needs must be in line with organization’s objectives. Fisher (1996).

Training Need Assessment
Systematic analysis of specific training activities required by an organization to achieve its defined objectives. Fisher (1996).

One who exercises authority and leadership over other personnel. He is solely responsible for the achievement of the over-all goal of the organization .Flippo (1980).

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Size: 57 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
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