CONTRIBUTION OF CULTURAL TOURISM AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT. A STUDY OF NZULEZU

ABSTRACT
The main objective of this study was to investigate the impact of cultural tourism on community development in Nzulezu, with particular reference to Mount Afadja. Tourism is a vital source of both public as well as private income, source of foreign exchange earnings. It is one of the most important sectors in generating employment opportunities to unskilled, semi-skilled and skilled human resources. Despite of all the economic benefits, tourism can also be a threat to natural environment where the tourist attraction exist. In order to fulfil the objectives of this study, both secondary and primary sources of data were used. A total of fifty two respondents participated in this research. The study found that Tourism has both negative and positive impacts to the tourist attraction. The study established that, negative impacts appeared to a large extent; hence the study suggests various ways to overcome the problems. According to the findings, the study concluded that,tourist sites attractions along the coast of Nzulezu present many opportunities and challenges for sustainable tourism development. Many of the attractions, however, need a great deal of work in terms of rehabilitation, management and promotion. Since different attractions are under the supervision of many different agencies, it is important to take a comprehensive approach that creates and sustains management program. The study recommends that tourism management plans have to be developed and implemented on a pilot basis which can develop into a sustainable financing mechanism for the management and protection of these important resources.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Cultural tourism is one of the largest and fastest growing global tourism markets. Culture and creative industries are increasingly being used to promote destinations and enhance the competitiveness and attractiveness. Many locations are now actively developing their tangible and intangible cultural assets as a means of developing comparative advantages in an increasingly competitive market place, and to create local distinctiveness in the face of globalisation.

The impact of tourism industry on community development examines the growing relationship between tourism and culture, and the way in which they have together become major drivers of destination attractiveness and competitiveness. Based on the case study. Mount Afadja in Nzulezu, that illustrate the different facets of the relationship between the culture, tourism and regional attractiveness, and the policy interventions which can enhance the relationship, this research work shows how a strong link between tourism industry and community development can be forestered to assist places become more attractive to tourists, as well as increasingly their competitiveness as locations to live work and invest in.

This project is essential reading for academic national and local policy makers and practitioners and all those in the tourism sector who wish to understand the tourism industry as a lead to community development.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE STUDY
There are many cultural heritages in Ghana distributed in different parts of the country. Most rock art sites are executed on limestone, sandstone caves, shelters and boulders. Western part of Ghana, particularly the Jomoro district area is known for large concentration of rock artsites. The motifs depicted in these sites are predominantly domestic cattle, wild animals, geometric and human figures, and domestic scene with few plant depictions (Tekle, 2011). So far, there are no researches on the use of rock art for sustainable tourism in Ghana and the Nzulezu region in particular.

It is erroneously believed that our cultural heritage is gradually being pushed aside by technological advancements. Therefore, this research work is interested in finding answers to how the tourism industry can enhance the community development in Nzulezu.

1.3 Objectives of the Study
1. To investigate the cultural practices in Nzulezu, Jomoro district?

2. To investigate the tourism activities carried out in Mount Afadja, Nzulezu, Jomoro district?

3. To assess the impact of tourism activities around Mount Afadjato the community development in Nzulezu, Jomoro district

1.4 Research Questions
1. Are there cultural practices in Nzulezu, Jomoro district?

2. What are the tourism activities carried out in Mount Afadja, Nzulezu, Jomoro district?

3. Are there any development caused by the tourism activities around Mount Afadjain Nzulezu, Jomoro district

1.5 Significance of the Study
As discussed earlier, tourism has unlimited potential in improving the economics and culture of the nations. However, if poorly planned and managed could cause a negative impact to the tangible natural heritage resources such rocks, mountains, marine life, mangrove trees.The findings of the study therefore, could help decision makers in the sector to make informed decisions on the management of tourism tangible heritage resources.

Also, the study has the potential of raising awareness among the public and decision makers on the impact of tourism on tangible heritage resources.

1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This research work is limited to Mount Afadja which is a major tourist destination in Nzulezu Jomoro district.

1.6 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In the course of this research work, the researcher encountered problems such as financial and time constraints, lack of right and informative materials and journals.

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Tourism: Is the travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes.

Industry: The production of goods from raw materials especially in factories.

Tourism Industry: This is the business of providing things for people to do, places for them to stay etc. while they are on holiday. Tourists: Someone who is traveling or visiting a place for people to do.

For more Tourism Projects Click here
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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 53 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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