ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT IN ISLAMIC STUDIES USING DIFFERENT TEACHING METHODS IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN KANO METROPOLIS, KANO STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT
The study on the “Analysis of Students’ Achievement in Islamic Studies using Different Teaching Methods in Selected Public Secondary Schools in Kano Metropolis, Kano State, Nigeria” adopted pretest, post-test quasi experimental design. The students were assessed using two experimental groups and one control group. The students in experimental groups were taught certain Islamic studies concepts through guided inquiry method and guided lecture method. The control groups were not treated. The population of the study consisted of all SS III students in selected schools in Kano metropolis. The researcher used purposive sampling techniques to draw samples of SS III students of Islamic studies in the sampled schools. The data collected were analyzed and the hypotheses were tested using inferential statistics. Hypotheses one and two were tested using independent t-test. While Analysis of covariance was used in testing Hypothesis three, Man-Whitney was used to test hypothesis four. The findings revealed among other things that students taught using guided inquiry and lecture method performed better in Islamic studies.Gender has significant effects on students’ performance in Islamic studies. It is recommended that teachers of Islamic studies should adopt inquiry teaching methods and guided lecture method to replace traditional method to enhance students’ performance in Islamic studies.


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
Islamic Studies is a subject taught in secondary schools at both senior and junior levels. This subject area represents complete aspects of Islam because it deals with Qur’an, Hadith and other basic Islamic system of worship. The teachings in Islamic studies are expected to mold the behaviour of students. The teachings prepare individual learners with the awareness and understanding that would transform them into citizens that ca contribute positively towards the development of the society. The nature and scope of Islamic studies in Nigerian schools make emphasis on students’ familiarity with the teachings of Qur’an and Hadith to make learners become aware of their duties on earth and prepare for the next world.

Islamic Studies is increasingly vital in helping to create individuals who are actively involved in making the society morally sound. Islamic studies knowledge enables the learners to become aware of their responsibilities in the society. To enable the students acquire the knowledge effectively require appropriate instructional strategies that will facilitate all round development of students in terms of cognitive, affective and psychomotor domains. It is not out of placeto say no single method of learning can effectively be appropriate to all learning situations. Therefore, there is no best method of teaching Islamic studies since learning depends on situations.

At any level of education, teaching is established to bring a fundamental change in the learning. Teachers are expected to apply appropriate teaching methods to facilitate process necessary for knowledge transmission towards achievement of specific objectives of the system. According to Ganyaupfu (2013) in the traditional method, many teaching practitioners widely applied inquiry method to impact to learners the appropriate skills. However, questions about the effectiveness of teaching methods on the students’ learning have consistently raised considerable interest in educational research, High Tower etal (2011). Studies on teaching and learning examine how different teaching methods could enhance growth in students’ learning were carried out.

It is believed by Ayeniye (2011) that teaching is a continues process that involved bringing about desirable changes in learners through the use of appropriate methods to bring desirable changes in students teachers’ method of teaching need to beappropriate for the subject matter, Adumola (2011). It is opined by Bharadwaj and Pal (2011) that teaching methods work effectively mainly if they suit learners’ needs since every learner interprets and responds to question in a unique way, Chang (2010). This was captured in Zeeb (2004) when he noted that alignment of teaching method with the students’ needs and preferred learning influence students’ academic attainments.

In lecture method, students obtain information from the teacher devoid of building their engagement level with the subject. This method is least practical, theoretical and full of memorization. It does not encourage students to learn real life problems based on the knowledge of application through activity based learning. In this method of teaching, the teacher controls the transmission and sharing of knowledge. The teacher makes attempt to maximize the delivery of information and also minimizes time and effort. Thus, the interest and understanding of students may be affected. Where Islamic studies teacher in secondary school focuses mainly on dispensing, definitions and procedures for students to memorize concepts, their understanding on the subject may be affected.

Inquiry method enhances active learning. The method promotes interest,analytical research and critical thinking among students. The inquiry method is considered to be more appropriate in teaching because it does not centralize the flow of knowledge from the teacher to the students, the method is widely adopted by teachers because it motivates goal-oriented behavior among students. Therefore, the method is an effective mean to improve students’ achievement. If this method is adopted by Islamic Studies teachers, it could enhance students’ performances in secondary schools in Kano metropolis.

In lecture method, the strategies used by the teacher are applied during teaching. Under this method, it is common to observe the subject information produces by the learners. However, under inquiry method, the strategies are understood better than the lecture method. Strategies used by the teacher to present information are understood by the learners. Under this approach, the students are encouraged to search for relevant knowledge instead of the teacher making monopoly of information transmission to the learners. This approach to teaching was successful in many places because of its effectiveness in improving academic performance, Damodharan and Rengarjan (1999). If inquiry method could be applied in teaching Islamic Studies in secondary schools in Kano metropolis, it is expected that students’ achievement could be enhanced.

The above arguments motivated the researcher to carry out the Kano metropolis. Thus, the study is set to analyze student’s achievements in Islamic Studies using different teaching methods in selected secondary schools in Kano metropolis in Kano state, Nigeria.

1.2 Statement of the Problem
Teaching is a means to assist students to learn. Good teaching is characterized by proper teaching methods. Thus, methods of teaching assist in education. The strategies used in teaching are meant to make teachers successful in their bid to disseminate knowledge of their area of specialization. Islamic Studies is a subject that is taught in many secondary schools in Nigeria. It is taught in secondary schools as a compulsory subject for students who are Muslims. It is taught in schools irrespective of diversify in culture, ethnicity and social economic background of student. Islamic studies is taught in secondary schools by different teach gin methods such as lecture method discussion, method, textbook method, study tours, problem teaching methods, team teaching and enquiry methods. However, little effort is made on the factors that are necessary for selection of the appropriate teaching method. The methods used in teaching students in secondary schools are not effective for their teaching and learning and this effects their academic achievement. Much as the teacher is at liberty to select the strategy according to the need of students, this approach may be a fatal effort if the teacher fails in his scheme of handling issues that relate to method he adopts. Teaching methods could be seen as patterns of teacher behavior that occur either in simultaneous or sequential order.

1.3       Objectives of the Study
The study was set to achieve the following objectives:

1. Examine the performance of students in Islamic Studies taught using inquiry and lecture methods and student-centred method in secondary schools in Kano metropolis.

2. Determine the performance of students in Islamic Studies using experimental and control groups in secondary schools in Kano metropolis.

3. Ascertain the effects of gender on students’ performance in Islamic Studies using Inquiry and lecture methods of instruction in selected secondary schools in Kano metropolis.

4. Find out the influence of Inquiry and lecture methods on students’ attitudes towards Islamic Studies in secondary schools in Kano metropolis.

1.4       Research Questions
The study answered the following questions:

1. what is the difference in students’ performance in Islamic Studies when taught using inquiry method and lecture method in secondary schools in Kano metropolis?

2. what is the performance of students in Islamic Studies when taught using experimental and control groups in secondary school in Kano metropolis?

3. what are the effects of gender on students’ performances in Islamic Studies when taught using inquiry and lecture methods of instruction in selected secondary school in Kano metropolis?

4. what is the influence of inquiry and lecture methods on students’ attitudes towards Islamic Studies in selected secondary school in Kano metropolis?

1.5       Hypotheses
The following hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance:

1. There is no significant difference in students’ performance in Islamic Studies when taught inquiry method and lecture method in selected secondary schools in Kano Metropolis;

2. There is no significant difference in students’ performance in Islamic Studies when taught using experimental and control groups in Selected Secondary Schools in Kano metropolis;

3. There is no significant difference in male and female students’ performance in

4. Islamic Studies when taught using inquiryand lecture methods in selected secondary school in Kano metropolis;

5. Inquiryand lecture methods have no significant influence on students’ attitudes towards Islamic Studies in selected secondary school in Kano metropolis.

1.6       Basic Assumptions
The study is based on the assumptions that:

1. The students taught using inquiry method could perform well in Islamic Studies compared with those taught using lecture method in selected secondary schools in Kano Metropolis.

2. The students’performances in Islamic Studies taught using experimental and control groups were not significantly different in selected secondary schools in Kano metropolis.

3. Gender was not a barrier to students’performance in Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools in Kano metropolis.

4. Inquiry and lecture methods of instruction have no influence on students’ attitudes towards Islamic Studies in selected secondary schools in Kano metropolis.

1.7       Significance of the Study
The findings of this study shall reveal the teaching method that could influence good performance of students in Islamic Studies. The findings will be of interest to curriculum planners, schools principals and Heads of Departments as well as agencies responsible for curriculum developments. The finding could also facilitate the appropriate curriculum policies and programs which could pave way for affective teaching and learning of Islamic Studies. The findings will reveal the teaching method suitable for both male and female students. Islamic Studies students would benefit with the result of this study since their level of awareness and understanding issues related to inquiry method, lecture method and traditional method could be used to enable better performance ofstudents through identification of individual needs of students in the class. Lastly, the findings of the study could be very useful as a reference material and contribute to the existence literature in teaching method for Islamic Studies.

1.8       Scope of the Study
This work analyzed the students’ achievement in Islamic Studies using inquiry, lecture and traditional methods of instructions in selected secondary schools in Kano metropolis. The study is delimited to school for Arabic selected (S.A.S) Kano and Government Girls’ Secondary School Shekara in Kano Metropolis. Participants of the study were restricted to SS III students in the two schools. Lastly, the study delimits itself to concepts of inquiry method, lecture method and traditional method.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 70 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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