INFLUENCE OF INFORMAL GROUPS ON PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL, ENUGU.)

ABSTRACT
        Informal group came into existence through the interaction of people as a result of socialization. When individual meet and interact with one another, there is the tendency for individuals with similar interest and characteristics to form powerful cohesive groups in order to obtain organizational objectives. It therefore, the objective of this research was find out the relationship that existed between informal groups activities on productivity levels in organizations for effective management of the informal groups in Nigeria organizations. A review of the related interactive was made to provide a sound theoretical background of the concept of informal groups. This was done by review of work previously done by scholars on the concept of informal groups. By making use of a case study, questionnaires was distributed or rather administrated to the workers at University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu. The data collected from the filed was analyzed, the hypotheses, which were formulated, were tested through the use of statistical models. The findings of the research were that workers were found to be keenly interested in belonging to informal groups in their work places such as the trade unions. They agreed that they derive benefits groups offered by the groups to workers given the opportunity to work for their benefits. Workers should realize their primary objectives through group association. Managers should realize that team spirit is the important characteristics of informal groups which motivate them to be effective in organization. Informal organization are not officially recognized and do not have any space in organizations organigram. My conclusion is that since informal organizations continue to exist and can not be stopped or terminated in any set up, it should continue to be accommodated as much as it does not adversely affect the attainment of organizational goals.  During recruitment, selection and orientation, new employees should be made to join informal groups such as trade union or any other, this makes the workers to socialize and adopt quickly and better to the values existing in the organization. More consultation of the informal groups by the management should be encouraged and suggestions made by the workers be utilized as this motivates the workers more for greater performance.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Dedication
Certification
Acknowledgement
Abstract
Table of contents
CHAPTER ONE:
1.1          Background of Study
1.2          The statement of the Problem
1.3          The Objective of the Study
1.4          Research Questions/Hypothesis
1.5          Significance of  the study
1.6          Limitation of the study
1.7          Delimited/ scope of the study
1.8          Definition of special terms
Reference

 CHAPTER TWO
The review of the related literature   
2.1 Theoretical Frame Work for the Study
2.2 Historical Background
2.3 Current literature on postulated above
References
CHAPTER THREE
Research Design and Methodology
3.1 The research design
3.2 The source of data
3.2.1 Primary sources of data
3.2.2 Secondary sources of data
3.3 The Population for the Study
3.4 The Sample Design and determinations of
Sample size
3.5 Method of data collection
3.5.2 Secondary methods of data collection
3.6 Methods of data presentation and Analysis
          References

CHAPTER FOUR
4.1 Data presentation
4.1.2 Demographical Characteristics
4.1.3 Presentation according to key research
Questions
4.1.4 Analysis Based on Research Questions
          References  
CHAPTER FIVE
5.1 Summary of finding
5.2 Recommendations
5.3 Conclusions
Bibliography
 Appendix
i. Questionnaire
ii. List of frame for sampling

CHAPTER ONE
1.1 THE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
        The organization development is a vital exercise that must be carried out with a successful conclusion if technological bondage is to be avoided in the nation. In our society today there is need for adopting a creative approach for our technological take off. The reason is to encouraged employees to cultivate the ability of making maximum use of resource available to them, develop new ways of resources utilization that may come in the course of their job.
          Since Nigeria independence, the nation has gone through a gradual rise in the level of industrialization and the evolution of both small and complex organization. An organization as defined by Griffin (1984:86) is a combination....

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 86 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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