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Three Ways IoT will Revolutionize Our Homes

IoT Homes are Revolutionizing the Way We Live
By 2022, the global smart home market is estimated to grow to around 53.45 billion U.S. dollars, according to data published by Statista. Whether you’re a fan of smart technology or not, there’s a definite general movement toward intelligent homes that will revolutionize the way we live. Coming into contact with new technologies is becoming easier and more natural than ever. In particular, there are three IoT trends that appear to be dominating home design and comfort. 

Smart homes make life easier
Without any shade of doubt, one of the benefits from having the opportunity to use smart home devices is that they help to streamline our lives. These clever devices, the ones that rely on artificial intelligence, are excellent at learning the behavioral patterns of everyone living in the home and can automate the execution of daily tasks and chores accordingly. For example, machines like Roomba, which clean the floors in your home for you, or the Nest Thermostat Solution, which relies on smartphone integration to control the temperature at home.

Smart homes save energy and take care of the environment
We have to start finding ways of reducing the amount of energy and help protect our planet. In 2017, about 39% of the total energy consumed in the U.S. was used by residential and commercial buildings, as confirmed by the U.S. Energy Information Association. The good news is that technology developed for smart homes has all the necessary qualities to tackle the problem of high residential energy use. There are smart devices designed to control heating, cooling, and the power needed for electrical appliances, among other things.

Smart homes keep us safe and secure
IoT-connected doorbells and cameras, which connect to smartphones, give us the opportunity to see exactly who’s knocking on our door in real time, whether we’re at home or not. Not only does this help us to keep unwanted people out, but it also means we can let teenagers in if they return home from school early and we’re not there to meet them. No more hanging around on street corners, waiting for us to arrive. Our children can be kept safer when living in a smart home.
Smart door locks are another great way of keeping everyone safe and organized. These locks can be programmed to only give access to specific people at specific times of the day. They also provide a log showing who entered the house and who left the house that day. While there may be some reluctance among homeowners who still fear the power of technology, for many these smart security systems and gadgets are going to revolutionize the way we live.

On a final note, IoT is positive. When considering convenience, safety, security, and energy reduction, even those unfamiliar with new technologies, or a little resistant to the digital age, can see the benefits of living in a smart home and it’s only a matter of time before we see mass integration on a global scale.

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Article by: Lucy Jones
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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

For more Computer Science projects click here

ABSTRACT

Library is a collection of sources of information and similar resources, made accessible to a defined community for reference or borrowing. Thus the process of handling a library manually is very troublesome and clumsy. As regards to this point of view, the computerized system for handling the activities of library management provides a comprehensive way to lessen physical labour, to reduce complexity of the manual system and soon. This project work aim to design and implement a computerized library management system. The library management system was design and implemented using the HTML (Hypertext mark-up language), CSS (Cascading style sheet), PHP (Hypertext pre-processor) and My SQL database. The system was developed using the V-Model software development approach. An extensive evaluation of the project determines that the project achieved many of its predefined objectives.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF FIGURES
ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.0       Introduction
1.1       Background to the Study
1.2       Statement of Problem
1.3       Aim and Objectives
1.4       Purpose of the Study
1.5       Scope of the Project
1.6       Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0       Literature Review
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Development of Library Management System
2.3       Features of Library Management
2.4       Needs for Library Management System
2.5       Library management system initiatives worldwide
2.6       Review of Challenges of Library Professionals in developing country

CHAPTER THREE: SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
3.0       System Analysis and Design
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Information Gathering
3.3       Analysis of Existing system
            3.3.1    Problems of Existing system
            3.3.2    Description of Proposed system
            3.3.3    Advantages of Proposed system
3.4       Design and implementation Methodology
            3.4.1    Software Requirements
            3.4.2    Software tools used
            3.4.3    Hardware Requirements
3.5       System Development Approach
            3.5.1    V MODEL
            3.5.2    Requirement analysis and system design
            3.5.3    Architectural design
            3.5.4    Module design
            3.5.5    Validation phases
3.6       Dataflow Diagrams
            3.6.1    Admin login
            3.6.2    User login
            3.6.3    Book borrow
            3.6.4    Book search
            3.6.5    Account creation
3.7       Final Testing

CHAPTER FOUR: SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION AND DOCUMENTATION
4.0       System Implementationand documentation
4.1       Implementation of the system
4.2       Hardware support
4.3       Software support
4.4       Documentation of the system
            4.4.1    Program documentation
            4.4.2    Procedure design
            4.4.3    Operating system
4.5       Input and Output design
            4.5.1    Home page
            4.5.2    Admin/User Login
            4.5.3    Add books
            4.5.4    Add user
            4.5.5    Book borrow
4.6       Database design
            4.6.1    User table
            4.6.2    Borrow book details
            4.6.3    Book table
            4.6.4    Member table

CHPATER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.0       Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1       Summary
5.2       Conclusion
5.3       Recommendation
REFERENCES


CHAPTER ONE


1.0                                                       GENERAL INTRODUCTION


1.1       Background of the Study


A library is an organised collection of information sources which is made accessible to the people. The library usually contains the information physically or in a digitized format.In the olden period the access was usually in the library room as the technology grew up the access that was made online (Dinesh et al.,2015). Library is a fast growing organism. The ancient methods to maintain it are no longer dynamic and efficient. For expeditious retrieval and dissemination of information and better service for the clientele, application of modern techniques has become absolutely indispensable (Neelakandan et al., 2010).

Libraries can be divided into categories by several types, which are: Academic libraries, Corporate libraries, Government libraries such as national libraries, Historical society libraries, Private libraries, Public libraries, School libraries, Special libraries,Digital libraries, Picture (photograph) libraries, Slide libraries, Tool libraries, Architecture libraries, Fine arts libraries, Medical libraries, Theological libraries etc.

A library is comprised of the following sections, based on the services rendered.


i.            Acquisition Section: The books demanded by different departments are done by the Acquisition section. University book centre is also working in this section for supply of books to the libraries in this university.
ii.     Technical Section: To classify, catalogue, OPAC, Barcode etc. the documents of the University Library this section is working.

iii.             Circulation Section: This section provides documents to the members and users of library for home reading as well as reading in the library. The documents are arranged on the racks in stacks as per the Dewey Decimal Classification Scheme.
iv.            Periodical Section: To procure, maintain and arrange periodicals services to library members. Periodical section provides reference service with respect to the requirement of the reader. Reference section is attached to periodical section for convenience of the Library users.
v.            Databases:Databases like OPAC, CAB-CD ROM abstracting databases, DELNET online Network Service etc. are available for the library members.

vi.            Reprographic Section: This Section has two automatic plain paper copiers and a duplicating machine through which the services of photocopy are provided to the readers

vii.             Binding Section: This section is working for binding work of the damaged books. Back Volumes and other documents of this Library. The required binding machinery is available in this section.


Library management is a sub-discipline of institutional management that focuses on specific issues faced by libraries and library management professionals. Library management encompasses normal management tasks as well as intellectual freedom, anti-censorship, and fundraising tasks. Issues faced in library management frequently overlap those faced in management of non-profit organizations(Sharma et al.,2005).Library Management System is an application that portraits library system which could be generally small or medium in size. It is used by the librarian to categorically manage the library by the virtue of using a computerized system where he/she can record various transactions like issue of books, return of books, addition of new books, addition of new students etc. (Ashutosh and Ashish., 2011).
Books and user maintenance modules are also included in this system which would keep track of the users using the library and also a detailed description about the books a library contains. With this computerized system there will be no loss of book record or member record which generally happens when a non-computerized system is used. In addition, report module is also included in Library Management System. If user’s position is admin, the user is able to generate different kinds of reports like lists of users registered, list of books, issue and return reports. All these modules are able to help librarian to manage the library with more convenience and in a more efficient way as compared to library systems which are not computerized.
This system will be developed and designed to help librarian record every book transaction so as to reduce and eradicate problem of loss of books and files in the library.

1.2       Statement of the Problem
Presently, transaction of books in the institutional libraries have been done manually in most cases, thereby taking more time for transaction like borrowing of books or return of books and also searching of member and books. Series of problems occur as a result of this thereby resulting to inefficient library management. In most cases as a result of human error there maybe loss and damages of records due to not using a computerized system in the library.
Nevertheless, the difficulty in the searching of books which could be termed to be inadequacy in book Management is a problem in the manual library thereby causing inefficiency and time consuming in the library. Also the problem of space consuming erupts after the number of records become large the space for physical storage of file and records also increases if no computerized system is implemented as well as the issue of cost.Due to problem of lack of prompt information retrieval and time wastage in using the library. In addition due to the....

For more Computer Science projects click here
__________________________________________________________________________
This is an Undergraduate Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


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Kindly pay/transfer a total sum of N3,000 into any of our Bank Accounts listed below:
·         Diamond Bank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0096144450

·         GTBank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0029938679

After payment, send your desired Project Topic, Depositor’s Name, and your Active E-Mail Address to which the material would be sent for downloading (you can request for a downloading link if you don’t have an active email address) to +2348074521866 or +2348066484965. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Projects materials are sent in Microsoft format to your mail within 30 Minutes once payment is confirmed. 

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DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF AUTOMATIC HAND DRYER WITH TEMPERATURE DISPLAY

For more Electrical Engineering projects click here

ABSTRACT

This project work deals on the design and implementation of an automatic hand-dryer with display capable of drying up a wet hand inserted under its vent and goes off automatically as soon as the ands are removed.  The system also incorporates a decimal counting unit that displays the temperature of the blown out air in 0C.  This system is configured using an optp-coupler realized with cadmium-sulphide photocell (c.d.s) at the input.  The output of the sensor is conditioned by quad-2-input schmit trigger NAND gate (74132) which serves as the control logic used to trigger a one-shot delay that biases a transistor switch. The transistor commutes a TRIAC (solid state relay) that switches on/off the blower connected to it.  When a wet hand is inserted under the vent and blocks the line-of-sight of the sensor, the blower starts to blow automatically as long as the hands are still blocking the c.d.s, else it will stop.  The seven-segment display displays the temperature of the blown out air in 0C and resets simultaneously with the switching off of the dryer.  


TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
1.1       Introduction
1.2       General Description Of The Project
1.2       Objective Of The Project
1.3       Significance Of The Study
1.4       Scope Of The Project
1.5       Project Report Organization

CHAPTER TWO
2.1       Literature Review                                                      
2.1.1    Historical development of the project
2.1.2    Theories relevant to the design
2.1.3    Areas of applications of the system
2.1.4    The decimal counting unit (DCU)
2.1.5    The blower
2.1.6    The IC linear temperature sensor
2.1.7    The optical light sensor using LDR
2.1.8    The control logic circuit (74LS132)
2.1.9    The Ne555 timer
2.1.10  The LM339 Quad comparator with hysteresis
2.2       Other Circuit Components
Transistor, Electromagnetic relay, power transformer, junction diodes, resistors capacitors and IC linear voltage regulator

CHAPTER THREE
3.0       System Design And Analysis
3.1       Description Of The System Building Blocks
3 .2      Block Diagram Development Into Working Circuit
3.3       System Design Specifications
3.4       Power Supply Unit
3.5       Principle Of Operation Of The System
3.6       System Design Calculations

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0       Implementation, Testing And Result
4.1       Implementation
4.2       Testing
4.3       Result
4.4       Packaging
4.5       Bill of Engineering Quality

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0       SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1       SUMMARY OF ACHIEVEMENT
5.2       CONCLUSION
            REFERENCES

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Engineering is concerned with goal-oriented projects.  Projects that can eliminate problems like time lapse, strem and energy spent, cost and environmental dangers/hazards.  This project work on the design and implementation of an automatic hand-dryer with temperature display is built to eliminate the dangers and problems associated with the manual process of hand-dryer and to display the temperature of the air used in drying the object.  This project is realized with passive and active components.  And it is pure hardwired in that it does not use micro-program control.

1.1   GENERAL DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT
        This project design and implementation of automatic hand-dryer with temperature display is achieved in several blocks all combined to form one functional unit.  The first block in the opto-coupler realized with laser diode and LDR whose output is conditioned by 74LS132 that generates control logic.  This control logic is used to bias a transistor switch that energizes the electromagnetic relay which switches the dryer. The control logic is also used to trigger/power the temperature display circuit.  This section is realized with IC linear temperature sensor (LM35) whose output is fed to a quad-comparator with Hysteresis.  This comparator output reset a frequency generator which is counted by a 2-digit decimal counting unit that displays the temperature of the blowers air in degree calcius.  The system dries the hand and displays the temperature using seven segment display.

1.2   OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT
        The major objective of this project is to design and implement automatic hand-dryer with temperature display.  The project is also aimed at familiarizing the graduates of Computer Engineering in electronic system designs involving digital systems and random logic.  The project is aimed at acquainting the young graduate on the ethics of Engineering, technical and scientific writing which forms the nucleus of Engineering professional practice.  It is also aimed at testing/accessing the young Engineers ability to realize engineering project within a specified time.

1.3   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

        This project design and implementation of automatic hand-dryer with temperature display signifies a lot in automation and control.  It means a lot in CEE, EEE and Physics and Electronic.  This project is a marketable product for homes and restaurants.  A project of this type if properly modified, can function as a temperature control system for server room, kiln and ovens.


For more Electrical Engineering projects click here
__________________________________________________________________________
This is an Undergraduate Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


INSTRUCTION ON HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

Kindly pay/transfer a total sum of N3,000 into any of our Bank Accounts listed below:
·         Diamond Bank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0096144450

·         GTBank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0029938679

After payment, send your desired Project Topic, Depositor’s Name, and your Active E-Mail Address to which the material would be sent for downloading (you can request for a downloading link if you don’t have an active email address) to +2348074521866 or +2348066484965. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Projects materials are sent in Microsoft format to your mail within 30 Minutes once payment is confirmed. 

--------------------------------------------------------
N/B:    By ordering for our material means you have read and accepted our Terms and Conditions


Terms of Use: This is an academic paper. Students should NOT copy our materials word to word, as we DO NOT encourage Plagiarism. Only use as guide in developing your original research work.

Delivery Assurance
We are trustworthy and can never SCAM you. Our success story is based on the love and fear for God plus constant referrals from our clients who have benefited from our site. We deliver project materials to your Email address within 15-30 Minutes depending on how fast your payment is acknowledged by us.

Quality Assurance
All research projects, Research Term Papers and Essays on this site are well researched, supervised and approved by lecturers who are intellectuals in their various fields of study.
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