WRITING “THE LITERATURE REVIEW”

A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of study.

IMPORTANCE OF A GOOD LITERATURE REVIEW


A literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. A summary is a recap of the important information of the source….

Click on the download tab below for the full Article:

RADIO LISTENING HABITS OF STUDENTS IN HIGHER INSTITUTION (A CASE STUDY OF BOWEN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS)

For more Mass Communication projects click here


ABSTRACT
Radio is one of the viable media of mass communication. Just as communication is the transfer of information from the source to a destination. Presently, for anything to be called communication it must efficiently reach to the source, passing through the specified channel. Undoutfully, there is no way communication could be completed without feedback. It is on this background, that the research deemed it necessary to have a look at the listening habit of students in higher institution of learning particularly the students of Bowen University.   The researcher went further to find out what could entice students to listening to the radio programme. In the world today, different radio stations exist, but ability to attract audience listening is what matters, and when this is lacken people turn off their radio. Any time a radio station encounters this, the audience interest wear away as the station’s image is put at stake. It is therefore revealed that for a media house to be successful it needs to work on having the audience in place before planning its programmes.

Due to the heterogeneous nature of the student’s population in the Bowen University which formed my case study, convenient sampling technique was used. In this method, 200 final year students was selected cutting across various faculties of the university from the entire population and this was able to reveal whether students listen more or less to radio programmes.


TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page
Certification
Dedication
Acknowledgement
Abstract

Chapter One: Introduction
1.1     Background of the Study
1.2     Statement of the Problem
1.3     Objectives of the Study
1.4     Research Questions
1.5     Research Hypothesis
1.6     Significance of the Study
1.7     Scope/Limitation of the study
1.8     Definition of Terms
Reference

Chapter Two: Review of Related Literature
2.1     Introduction
2.2     Theoretical Framework
2.3     Nature of Radio
2.4     Strengths and Weaknesses of Radio
2.5     Radio Listenership
2.6     Advantages of listening
2.7     Attitude

Chapter Three: Research Methodology
3.0     Introduction
3.1     Research Design
3.2     Area of the Study
3.3     Population of the Study
3.4     Sample of the Study
3.5     Instrument for Data Collection
3.6     Reliability and Validity of Instrument
3.7     Techniques of Data Analysis
3.8     Scoring of the Research Instrument
3.9     Decision Rule

Chapter Four: Data Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation
4.1     Introduction

Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.1     Summary of Findings
5.2     Conclusion
5.3     Recommendations
References

Questionnaire


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION

1.1      Background of the Study
Radio is an essential mass medium that virtually every member of the society benefits from. Kuewumi (2009) asserts that Radio has radicalized the face of human communication and ultimately become a fixed pointin the daily lives of humans whereby people are informed, taught, nurtured and reformed by way of relaxation,reinvigoration and resuscitation. This he argued, makes radio as a medium of mass communication being constantly sought after by its ardent listeners. Radio is the wireless transmission of signals through free space by electromagnetic radiation of a frequency significantly below that of visible light, in the radio frequency range, from about 30 kHz to 300GHz.
Egbuchulam (2002) defined radio as: a mobilizer anda formidable factor in the new world order in economy, technology and politics. Radio is best described asthe cheapest, safest and the most effective mediumof communication available to man.
According to Onabajo (1999), in the developing world as in Asia and Africa, radio is cheap; it does not cost much compared to television which is expensive. It is also portable i.e. it can be easily transported from one place to another. It is credible as it transmits messages that its listeners hold important. Radio canalso present news as it happens, brings the voices of news makers and artists into the homes of listeners. It also provides dramatic shows and other entertainment, which listeners can visualize even in the absence of visuals. For that reason, radio enjoys the advantage of simultaneity.It requires little effort of its consumers to comprehend its message. It is a good companion that entertains andinforms its listeners.
Kuewumi (2009:148) has this to say about radio: “imagine a world without radio; it will be like a garden without flowers and trees. Radio daily feeds us with information, teaches us and calms our nerves. If radio iswell understood and its potentials realized, hardly willthere be any one that will live without a radio. Many anxious moments will be healed.” Radio is a vehicle for projecting personality through which it attracts....


For more Mass Communication projects click here
___________________________________________________________________________
This is an Undergraduate Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


INSTRUCTION ON HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

PAYMENT  OPTION 1:
Kindly pay a total sum of N3,000 into any of our Bank Accounts listed below:
·         Skye Bank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Damilola
A/C No.:         1013708342

·         GTBank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0029938679
After payment, send your desired Project Topic, Depositor’s Name, Teller No., and your Active E-Mail Address to which the material would be sent for downloading (you can request for a downloading link if you don’t have an active email address) to +2348074521866 or +2348066484965. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Projects materials are sent in Microsoft format to your mail within 30 Minutes once payment is confirmed.


PAYMENT  OPTION 2:
You can make an online payment here for this material:


After a successful Online Web Payment, kindly Click Here to fill the “Payment Details Form”


--------------------------------------------------------
N/B:    By ordering for our material means you have read and accepted our Terms and Conditions


Terms of Use: This is an academic paper. Students should NOT copy our materials word to word, as we DO NOT encourage Plagiarism. Only use as guide in developing your original research work.

Delivery Assurance
We are trustworthy and can never SCAM you. Our success story is based on the love and fear for God plus constant referrals from our clients who have benefited from our site. We deliver project materials to your Email address within 15-30 Minutes depending on how fast your payment is acknowledged by us.

Quality Assurance
All research projects, Research Term Papers and Essays on this site are well researched, supervised and approved by lecturers who are intellectuals in their various fields of study.

THE ROLE OF CODE MIXING AND CODE SWITCHING IN DOCTOR-PATIENT COMMUNICATION AT FEDERAL MEDICAL CENTRE, KATSINA STATE

For more Languages & Linguistics projects click here


ABSTRACT

This research examined the concept of code switching and code mixing in Doctor-Patient communication in Federal Medical Centre, Katsina. The data used for the analysis were obtained from tape recording, questionnaire and personal observation. The analysis employed the descriptive statistical method with Bach and Harnish (1979) Mutual Contextual Believe (MCB) as the theoretical framework of the study. The findings shows that code-mixing and code-switching are used very often in Doctor-Patient communication especially when performing therapeutic functions.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Table of content
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the study
1.2       Statement of Research Problem
1.3       Research Question
1.4       Aim and Objectives of the Study
1.5       Significance of the study
1.6       Scope of Study

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0       Preamble
2.1       Language and Communication
2.1.1    Social Roles and Variable in Language
2.2       Code Switching and Code Mixing
2.3       Factor Motivating Code Switching
2.3.1    Social Factors
2.3.2    Social Dimensions
2.4       Code Switch within Interaction
2.5       Medical Communication
2.5.1    Gender in Doctor and Patient Communication
2.6       The Theoretical framework

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.0       Introduction
3.1       Research Subject
3.2       Research Tool
3.3       Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND DATA ANALYSIS
4.1       Analysis
4.2       Data Gathered through Questionnaire Method
4.3       Findings from Data Analysis
4.3.1    Personal observation
4.3.2    Audio Recording and Transliteration

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
5.1       Summary
5.2       Conclusion
Work Cited

Appendix


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1  Background to the study
Communication is a process in which a message is sent from sender to receiver. It is a practice that the sender encodes message and the receiver decodes it. Communication may occur in small groups or in organizations where there is work to do, or several small groups that need to interact among each other within a single organization. Gumperz (1982),states that communication is a ‘social activity that requires the coordinated efforts of two or more individuals’ that construct talk to produce sentences. However, no matter how well rounded or stylish the outcome may be, it does not by itself constitute communication. Communication takes place only when a common understanding is obtained among communicants. Therefore, it is necessary to have the knowledge and ability to create and sustain conversation. The knowledge also needs to be not only grammatical competence but also linguistic, socio-cultural knowledge, and understanding the nature of the conversation Gumperz (1982: 2).
Interpersonal communication is one type of communication, which is defined in many ways. Miller(1978) defines it based on the situation and number of participants involved and states that interpersonal communication occurs between two individuals when they are close in ‘proximity, able to provide immediate feedback and utilize multiple senses’. Others such as Peters(1974) described interpersonal communication based on the degree of personal closeness’ or perceived quality, of a given interaction; it includes communication that is private and occurring between people who are more than acquaintances. Canary(2003)view of interpersonal communication is from the perspective of conversant goals. According to Dainton(2004:50) states that communication is used to attain or achieve personal goals through interaction with others.
As one category of interpersonal communication, medical communication is central to clinical functions in constructing a good doctor –patient relationship, which is one of the major tasks in medical profession. In this regard, Van Naerssen (1985) identifies two kinds of medical communication that includes doctor to patient and doctor to other medical personnel communications. Naerssen claims that, both kinds belong to different registers, each with a range of variations within it.’ The first is the interaction between two medical professionals (doctor with nurse, doctor with doctor, as well as nurse with nurse). The second is, the interaction between medical professionals with their patients, which includes interviews - called ‘chief complaint’, treatments, breaking bad news, consultation and follow-ups. Each part has its own structure and characteristic features that can be observed and analyzed either separately or as part of a larger discourse.
1.2 Statement of Research Problem
Having a good medical communication is important in the delivery of high-quality health care and has the potential to help regulate patients’ emotions, facilitate comprehension of medical information, and allow for better identification of patients’ needs, perceptions, and expectations. Patients reporting good communication with their medical care professional are more likely to be satisfied with their care, and especially to... 


For more Languages & Linguistics projects click here
___________________________________________________________________________
This is an Undergraduate Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


INSTRUCTION ON HOW TO GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT MATERIAL

PAYMENT  OPTION 1:
Kindly pay a total sum of N3,000 into any of our Bank Accounts listed below:
·         Skye Bank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Damilola
A/C No.:         1013708342

·         GTBank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0029938679
After payment, send your desired Project Topic, Depositor’s Name, Teller No., and your Active E-Mail Address to which the material would be sent for downloading (you can request for a downloading link if you don’t have an active email address) to +2348074521866 or +2348066484965. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Projects materials are sent in Microsoft format to your mail within 30 Minutes once payment is confirmed.


PAYMENT  OPTION 2:
You can make an online payment here for this material:


After a successful Online Web Payment, kindly Click Here to fill the “Payment Details Form”


--------------------------------------------------------
N/B:    By ordering for our material means you have read and accepted our Terms and Conditions


Terms of Use: This is an academic paper. Students should NOT copy our materials word to word, as we DO NOT encourage Plagiarism. Only use as guide in developing your original research work.

Delivery Assurance
We are trustworthy and can never SCAM you. Our success story is based on the love and fear for God plus constant referrals from our clients who have benefited from our site. We deliver project materials to your Email address within 15-30 Minutes depending on how fast your payment is acknowledged by us.

Quality Assurance
All research projects, Research Term Papers and Essays on this site are well researched, supervised and approved by lecturers who are intellectuals in their various fields of study.