The previous studies on land use are concerned with features of development control, Land administration land and use planning each treated separately. That is by aspects of planning control, land allocation process and development control have not been covered together as components of land use management .Therefore, this study was set out to address the components of land use management together which are planning Control, Land administration and Development Control in Ikom .In view of the above, The research was conducted through the information gathered from interviews of the respondents, field survey and the data was analyzed with the use of tables, figures, plates as well as descriptive analyses. The findings are poor land use management in Ikom, that is, the allocation process lacks transparency, inadequate planning activities resulting into poor control development, inadequate staff, inefficient land administration resulting in land speculations and loss of revenue and also weak development controls leading to inappropriate development. The recommendations were made in three areas which are: The Ikom master plan be review , revocation of all those areas allocated that are not in line with land use proposal with due consultations and relocate them to another place, The development control department should increase their awareness to enlightening the public, increase monitoring for development control activities and also increase the enforcement to avoid violation of land use. Finally the land use management use frame work be separated to allow checks and balances within the component of land use management.

Land use results from man’s activities on, and in relation to land(Olomo1997) Cited in William (2005).The land use management components are planning control, land allocation and tenure, development control and land use change management. Effective land use management enhances efficiency of urban development.

The land use proposals have not been adhered to in the land allocation process and also there is weak development control activities, which are not able to ensure compliance of developers to the land use plan. This is the common experience of Nigerian towns and constitutes a fundamental problem of sustainable urban development.

It has been observed that the land use plan of Ikom has been distorted, Most of the places zoned for commercial development are not used as planned. The commercial activities for instance in areas along Izom-Dobi road, most of which lack permits and the permitted development in many areas, do not adhere to the land use plan. Such distortions usually signify ineffective land use management. Landuse management generally consists of three activities, each of which can undermine efficient management of the city, but studies emphasize the elements separately. Adah (2005) examined the landuse pattern and planning implications of land use change in Ikeja, with particular reference to, and the widespread incidence of unregulated change from residential to commercial as well as mixed land uses. Barau et al (2000) focused on the level of landuse plan distortions in Ikom LGA of Cross River state and also highlighted the issue of transparent, non accountable processes of land use change and administration.

That is, the previous studies on land use are concerned with features of development control, Land administration land and use planning each treated separately. That is by aspects of planning control, land allocation process and development control have not been covered together as components of land use management.

The argument in this study is that, with effective landuse management, there will be minimal land use distortion as well as improper landuse change. That is, improvement in urban management would require complete treatment of the activity elements that make up land use management and this study approach as it as such.

Based on the above gap and argument, the study sets out to investigate landuse management in Ikom and its problems. This covers the components of land use management which include the development control, planning and land administration activities. The study attempts to answer the question: How adequate is the landuse management in Ikom.

1.3.1 AIM
The aim of the study, is to appraise the activities of the planning Authority with regards to landuse management in Ikom, identify the problems and make recommendations for improvement.

The objectives are as follows:
i. To review the concept of landuse management and its requirements for adequate management of landuse activities.

ii. To describe the land use activities that relate to landuse management in Ikom .

iii. To assess the effectiveness of land use management in Ikom.

iv. To make recommendations for improving land use management in Ikom

1.4. SCOPE
The scope of this research covered component of landuse management which include Planning Control, Land administration and Development Control but only upper level of development control in relation to landuse management, Blake (1969) Cited in Ede (2008), defined upper level of development control as the zoning principle of legislature to protect both private public property and also it is the legislature that segregates or protects the plan from obnoxious activities.

The upper level of development control include : the land use map, the land use plan, the zoning plan. The study exclude building control violation in both external and internal aspect of Development Control

The idea to establish a series of new satellite towns to supplement Cross River state is part of international Planning Associates recommendations of the implementation of the Master Plan for the City.

The Draft Regional Development Plan also recommended that several towns should be designed along the A2-road as centre for delivery of services. It was also suggested by the plan that the proposed towns would next to other centers that will attract people from all works of life. Apart from Ikom Zonal Planning Authority the new town of Ikom will become the biggest and most important urban, administrative and cultural centre within the Federal Capital Territory (Ikom. According to Ikom Master plan 1980, functions of Ikom town were:.

· Serve as the administrative, commercial and cultural centre for the delivery of services to all the settlements and inhabitants of Ikom outside Cross River state.

· To be the agricultural nerve centre of the Ikom which will guarantee FCC the supply of food and other allied agricultural goods.

· It will be the centre for small, medium and large scale industries within the Ikom to supply the inhabitants of FCC with industrial goods which are not produced in FCC itself.

· Be the centre for absorbing surplus immigrants to FCC.

· Support construction work at the site of the FCC by producing construction materials, accommodating construction workers and providing a broad range of services connected with the building of Cross River state. (Ikom Master plan 1980)

Ikom was to be developed for a maximum population of 150,000 people on a residential area of about 1,000 hectares and industrial area of about 600 hectares.

The economically active part of the population is estimated as 37 percent of the total population or about 70% of the population in the age group from 15 years to 54 years. Thus it can be expected that within the formal and informal sectors of the economy the new town will engage about 55,500 people.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Size: 63 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.


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