The purpose of the study was to examine new banking product and service development projects and its impact on profitability in banks with reference to Bank PHB. The study adopted a cross- sectional survey design approach. Explanatory research methods was employed and both qualitative and quantitative data analysis was used the population of the study comprised of (52) fifty-two managers and employees working in the research and development department, IT department, marketing department, and districts managers while 36 responded in this study. The study used both primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected with the aid of a self-administered semi-structured questionnaire. Secondary data was collected by use of desk search techniques from published reports and other relevant documents. The research had seven independent variables (price, ergonomics/ease of use, marketability, manufacturability, quality, functionality, performance of new product service) and one dependent variable that is profitability. The results indicated the bank introduced new product/service very often agreeing that introduction of new product/service affected the bank’s performance. In the regression analysis performance of new product and service, price and marketability has high impact on organization performance. It is also found that organizational Strategy and goals, organizational culture, competition with other banks, and the need to sustain performance are factors that affect new product/service development in Bank PHB. From the study findings, it concluded that new product/service development projects affected the banks performance positively. From the findings, the study recommends that banks should consider increasing the level of new product/service development projects as it has a big effect on performance. Organization strategy and goals should always be tailored to promote new product/service development projects. The study also recommended for further research that there is need to replicate the study and to use other variables to assess the Impact of new banking product and service development projects on profitability.

Key words- new product/Service performance, ergonomics/ease of use, price, quality, marketability, manufacturability, functionality, and profitability

Banking Industry has to be good at developing new products. It must also manage them in the face of changing tastes, technologies, Interest rates, exchange rate and competitions. Every product seems to go through a life cycle. It must go through several phases, and eventually die as new products that better serve consumer needs came along. The product life cycle presents two major challenges, First, because all products eventually decline, the bank must find new products to replace the declining one (The problem of new product development).
Secondly, the bank must understand how its product age adapts its marketing strategies as product pass through life cycle. (the problem of product life cycle stages) Hence, it is very important to look at the problem of finding and developing new products, and them at the problem of managing them successfully over their life cycles in the banking industry and as well as its profitability.
Given the rapid changes in consumer states, and competition, banks must develop a steady stream of new products and services. As a matter of fact, bank can obtain new products in two ways, one is through “Acquisition” that is buying a whole distress bank(s) a license to offer other bank services. And secondly through “New Product development in the banks own research and development department.
As the cost of developing and introducing major new products have claimed, many large banks limited. First bank, Union bank, and United bank for Africa, have acquired existing services rather than creating new ones like these new generation banks, i.e. Intercontinental bank, Trust bank, All State Trust bank, Ecobank, Guaranty Trust bank, Zenith Bank and of course the case study of this research project that is bank PHB Nigeria Plc. Kaduna. Though, other banks have saved money by coping competitors’ mode of services.
However, new product implies original products improvements, products (services) modification and new method of granting loans, Financing, customers advice interest rate, mode of payment etc. that the bank developed through its own research and development.
Importantly, the recent distress syndrome in compared with the global technological and, economic changes has made the Nigerian banking environment very competitive and dynamic.
The development has led to selective purchase or patronage of product and services by customers, especially those that are still skeptical about the longevity of the banks and viability of their product. In this regard, marketing as an essential elements of communication mix has becomes the sought after strategy not only to already existing clients but also to non-potential one by any enterprising bank in the country today when a promising idea come along Bank PHB Nigeria Plc a venture team made up of the research who develop the idea and other people from personnel, sales/marketing, legal admin and foreign department or sections will team up to natures of the products, protect and member stays with such product until its has succeeded.
However, quality banking services is one of the marketers major positioning tools. Quality has two dimensions level and constituency. In developing new product, the bank must first choose a quality level in the target means, market.
However, any bank that fails to introduce and maintain new products as the world changes may have itself to blame as regards loose of customers, fame or it position in the community of financial industry and consequently may be liquidated or distress.
Hence introduction of new products is the strength of the bank and the ability to maintain it at the given profit is the success of the bank.

Platinum Habib Bank Limited was incorporated as a Private Limited Liability Company in November, 1982. It was granted Banking License on 7th march, 1983 and commenced operation on 16th May of the same year.

The stakeholder ratio is 40 percent to Bank PHB Nig. Plc, Pakistan and 60 percent to Nigerians. In 1985 however and in compliance with the Nigerian Enterprises Promotion Act of 1977 the Nigerian Partners of the Venture relinquished 10 percent of their shares to Nigerian Employees for acquisition under the Staff Equity Participation Scheme.

The objectives of the venture have been to: introduce and maintain a banking style with a difference in Nigeria and develop a sound bank with a branch network in all the States of the federation and the capital territory, Abuja.
Provide financial and technical assistance to the public and private sector organizations within the framework of government of Nigeria’s plan and policies
Mobilize deposits by encouraging savings through the introduction of effective banking services and effective advertising programme.
With these at the background, Habib Nigeria Bank Limited went into a full range of retail banking services tailored to the needs of all categories of customers, emphasizing services and professionalism with a difference.
The tremendous transformation in the Nigeria banking landscape was made when Professor Charles Soludo made a pronouncement (on 6th July, 2004) on the issue of re-capitalizing the banking financial base from N2 billion to a minimum of N25 billion, which should be complied with by 31st December, 2005. This has drawn different views. As expressed by Anameje (2004).
The name was coined from he merger between Platinum Bank and Habib Nigeria bank Ltd in October 2005 due to the transformation in banking industry made Platinum Bank and Habib Bank to sign an agreement to merge their businesses and coalesce into a formidable institution that will be n the fore front of banking post consolidation. The name was changed to Platinum Habib Bank Plc.

Marketing is said to be applicable to all spheres of life, for this fact, the banking industry is not an exemption. For the achievement of the overall corporate objectives of prosperity, growth and contisciously structure their services in such a that they cater for the financial needs of not only the current customers but also the prospective customers.
It is a fact that comprises irrespective of where they are located, hat product or service they offer, who their shareholders are et face one problem or the other.
Under new condition of competition, companies or banks that do not produce or develop new products or services risk much because of the changing consumer needs and tastes, shortened product life cycle, increased competition and new technologies etc.
Banks and other financial institutions under the prevalent economic environment would have to be efficient in order to survive. High cost of funds as a result of liquidity squeeze and deregulation of interest rates complete with the unstable exchange value of the naira may have a dampening effect on banking operation.
Faced with this situation banks have to compete more aggressively with one another to get a better market share have good business volume. Banks now realize that the good old days of the “seller market” which they have enjoyed during the oil boom period and the days of free fund from importers known as cash cover are all over.
This imply hat the era of an chair banking and cheap profits was over, leaving behind a new era of trial and turbulence where the survival of even the most seemingly solid banks was being threatened.
For a bank to remain in business, more especially in this high tech driven industry and s competition and the degree of uncertainly increase, it has to among other things, create an image and reputation to differentiate itself from others. Banks would have to analyse markets, consumers trends and competitive activities and deliberately fashion out strategies and integrate their marketing efforts to the needs of target market in order to achieve corporate goals and objectives. This could only be achieved through aggressive marketing of their services and by the development of new products.
couple with high level of innovations in the banking sector can cause a threat to the industry. These indirect manifest to discipline and turn to obsolete banking system.
The introduction of new product by the bank has led to a global competition in the industry. This is as a result of this, it makes the developing nation banking system to be developed nations where internet/electronic banking is the order of the day.
A situation whereby bank lack clearly though out policies, rewards and remuneration to help its staff and maintain it’s goal and loyal customers over a long time period. This slow and cumbersome relationship will not assist or sustain new product when introduced into its market. Thus political appointment also hamper the ability of the bank to introduce the right product at the right time to the right people, in that, they considered political friends in granting loans facilities to the genuine investors of the economic sectors. Not until of recent when Bank PHB Nig. Plc. Emulate of recent when Bank PHB evaluates in new product, development. It was classed to be one of the banks to be distressed in the early 90s. But these associated lack of marketing departments, research and development, lack of able and qualified.

1.3 Objectives of the Study
1.3.1. General Objectives
The objective of the study was to examine new banking product and service development projects and its impact on profitability in banks with reference to Bank PHB.

1.3.2. Specific Objectives
1. To provide pertinent information for policy making and planning in Bank PHB

2. To benefit banks in understanding how the lack of new product/service development affects profitability

3. To present recommendations and suggestions for improving performances of commercial banks

1.4 Research Questions
1. What are the current strategic decisions being made in light of increased competition, environmental pressure and awareness?

2. Should banks continue producing and developing new product/services, or focus on the existing products?

3. How product innovations or lack of it affect organizations performance

The following hypothesis is (null and Alternative) are presented for this study.
Ho: (Null Hypothesis): New Product Development in Bank PHB has not significantly increased the profitability of the bank.
Hi: (Alternative Hypothesis): New Product Development in Bank PHB has significantly increased its profitability.
The introduction of new product by the bank has led to a global competition in the industry. This is as a result of this, it makes the developing nation banking system to be developed nations where internet/electronic banking is the order of the day.

The significance of this study cannot be overemphasized, because of the benefits. This research work serves as a pre-requisites for the award of Higher National Diploma in Business Administration.
It will be of benefit to Bank PHB as it provides suggestions and recommendations for the improvement of marketing of financial products so as to increase their profitability.
The research work will be a source of information or materials to students and future researchers willing to further study on the subject matter.

This research work is undertaken to cover new product development in Bank PHB Nigeria Plc., considering constraints of time a scope beyond this might produce something less than satisfactory. This scope is therefore, limited to the banking industries marketing operations with particular reference to bank PHB Nigeria Plc. The degree to which they take into account marketing strategies in proper marketing of their product or services. Also all other area related to the actual function of marketing will be studied for the purpose of knowing the extent of their relatedness.
During this research work, the researcher was confronted with a lot of constraints and the most pronounced among them are the following:
i. Time Constraints: Academic work’ (especially the semesters system) during the period of this exercise could only allow limited time space for this research work that requires a lot of consultations.
ii. Secondly, is the financial constraints, the present economic hardship has limited the movement of the researcher for this purpose purchase of writing materials and the production of vital documented evidences for clarity of expression. And unstable power supplies also pose problems during this production.
iii. Problems of busy schedules, rescheduling of booked appointments, receiving of phone calls and scheduled meeting etc.
iv. Guidelines governing the writing of project also limit the presentation of the works to an acceptable format and volume. v. Facts and vital information regarded as “secret” are been “hoarded” were not released to the researcher.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Size: 59 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.


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