MORAL DECADENCE AND IT'S IMPLEMENTATIONS ON STUDENT'S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN YENAGOA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE

Abstract
This study is on the effect of moral decadence on students academic performance. Five objectives were raised which included; to ascertain the factors responsible for moral decadence of students in secondary school, to ascertain whether teacher’s attitude towards the students contributes to moral decadence among secondary school students, to ascertain whether Parents attitude towards their children contributes to moral decadence among secondary school students, to ascertain the relationship between causes of moral decadence among students and student academic performance, to suggest the possible solutions which may help to being an end to the problem of moral decadence in our secondary schools. In line with these objectives, two research hypotheses were formulated and two null hypotheses were posited. The total population for the study is 200 staff from different secondary schools in Yenegoa, Anambra state was selected randomly. The researcher used questionnaires as the instrument for the data collection. Descriptive Survey research design was adopted for this study. A total of 133 respondents made up principals, vice principals administration, senior staff and junior staff was used for the study.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study
Moral decadence may be said to be as old as the time when men started to organize him into society and consequently made laws to order the affairs of men in a social set up. In the Holy Scripture Cain exhibited some form of moral decadence when he out of envy murdered his brother Abel in their abode. We have heard of people engaging in moral decadence behavior on daily basis. Many of our students today especially those in our secondary school exhibit various forms of moral decadence in form of juvenile delinquency. This could be in the form of arson, murder and robbery etc. these acts involve both adult and youths, the rate of moral decadence tends to be on the increase in the modern world. Africa is not an exception of this general increase in the young stars, negative attitude to constituted authority. This rate of moral decadence tends to be on an increase despite the various measure taken by successive government most especially Nigeria, to curb the menace among our students so as to bring about a socially stable society.

We read our newspapers and hear from the electronic media of students in the country committing all forms of crimes ranging from the violation of parental regulations to truancy, stealing, assault, robbery and other socially undesirable behaviors. Available information shows that our students are most frequently implicated in the acts of moral decadence that in every five caught for a criminal offence; there are usually young stars. These offence ranges from drugs and robbery. During the military rule, several measures were put in place to curb the trends, on its assumption to power on the 31st December 1983, the government of general Mohammuadu Buhari (Rtd) made it known that one of the causes of our problems in our country (Nigeria) was moral decadence and as such, the war against moral decadence (WAI) was introduced into all aspects of the life of the nation. Also our past head of states, General Sani Abacha (Lt) on assumption I office (1993) launched the war against moral decadence and corruption (WAIC), President Olusegun Obasanjo also launched independent corrupt practices commission (ICPC) and economic financial crime commission (EFCC). This was aimed at checking the various corrupt practices in our society. Despite all these commendable effort of our youth are still very much moral decadence. The Nigeria youth is yet to embrace the principles behind the war against moral decadence and corruption program even when he is supposed to have great roles to play in the success of the program. There is often the saying that our youths are the leaders of tomorrow, but from what happens on a daily basis, one is forced to wonder if actually the youths are the future leader of tomorrow, if they could actually be entrusted with the leadership roles of the futures, people from various works of life have expressed concern. Olusegun Obasanjo formal president and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria lamented over the rate of moral decadence in the Nigeria society. He pointed accusing fingers to most youths and adults noting that they suffering from what he called social, moral, political and economic moral decadence. Also formal head of state general Ibrahim Babaginda confirmed the obvious fact that the rate of moral decadence and crime among youths was growing fast. He said “moral decadence is threatening the nation as evidenced by the get rich quick syndrome that pervaded all facts of the society. Crimes of violence in which our young stars are involved in indication of the malaise which affects most of our communities”. (Daily Times 26th December, 1985. pp 1). The problems of moral decadence among students are fast becoming a canker worm that is eaten deeper and deeper in to the fabric of our society and thereby constituting a greater threatens to the stability of the nation. Moral decadence of various types has eaten deep into the fabric of the social system, it is a problem that is increasing at a fast rate and needs prompt attention. We have come to notice that hardly any family exists without a child possessing one trait of moral decadence or the other. It is either the child steals, is rude, not well mannered, runs away from classes, and or at time if the child is a female, it may be that she posses indulgent sexual acts which may create great concerns for the parents. It is also possible that the child is one way or the other drug addict. In whatever way it is viewed whether the child exhibits any of these features or many others, which are socially undesirable, such a child is certainly a problem to the family and the society at large. It is also sad, to note that student’s moral decadence has had a lot of negative effects on the school system and learning, many academic calendar are being disrupted as a result of this moral decadence many students now form themselves into gangs, they threaten the life of fellow students and even teachers. It is as a result of this moral decadence that we now have secreted societies or secrete cults even in our primary and secondary schools. is is necessary for the nation to pay attention to the frequent moral decadence among our students, if she is to achieve fame and progress in all field of human endeavor. This is because the fate of any nation depends on the youths she breeds, as they are the leaders of tomorrow.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problem of student’s moral decadence is to be well attended to by parents, teachers/school administrators and all these involved in the upbringing of the students in the country, if lasting solutions are to be found in it. To this end, we all stand to gain in no small measure of students refrain from moral decadence behaviors and become discipline.

OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The main objective of this study is the causes and effect of moral decadence among students. But for the successful completion of the study; the researcher intends to achieve the following sub-objectives;

1. To ascertain the factors responsible for moral decadence of students in secondary school

2. To ascertain whether teacher’s attitude towards the students contributes to moral decadence among secondary school students.

3. To ascertain whether Parents attitude towards their children contributes to moral decadence among secondary school students.

4. To ascertain the relationship between causes of moral decadence among students and student academic performance

5. To suggest the possible solutions which may help to being an end to the problem of moral decadence in our secondary schools

1.3 RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0: there are no factors responsible for moral decadence of students in secondary school

H1: there are factors responsible for moral decadence of students in secondary school

H02: there is no significant relationship between causes of moral decadence among student and student academic performance

H2: there is a significant relationship between causes of moral decadence among student and student academic performance

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is expected that the result of this study would be useful to parents and the society. School administrators, teachers, government and policy makers in their effort to put an end to the problem of students moral decadence specifically the out-come of this work would assist parents and society in monitoring the activities of their children through the results of this study, school heads, will discover what negative role they play and which in turn affect events that can lead to moral decadence in school. They will then adjust their administrative loopholes and forge ahead for a well-disciplined schools system. Teachers are expected to know from this study how student’s moral decadence is being carried out around them and employ means of eradicating the trend. The study would also be useful to the government and policy makers in formulating policies that will ensure a disciplined and patriotic behavior on the part of the students. The overall aim of this study is the complete wiping out of moral decadence among out students so that teaching learning atmosphere will be conducive and free dangers. In such an environment, there will be better enhancement of knowledge.

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers the causes and effect of moral decadence among students. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities

DEFINITION OF TERMS
CAUSES: Causality is the natural or worldly agency or efficacy that connects one process with another process or state, where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first

EFFECTS: A change which is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.

MORAL DECADENCE: Lack of discipline.

1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 60 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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