THE EXTENT FOR THE USE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR EFFECTIVE TEACHING-LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN JUNIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL

ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to examine the extent of use of instructional materials effective teaching-learning of English Language in Wamakko Local Government Area in Sokoto State. This study therefore, used descriptive survey to investigate the availability of instructional materials. The population for the study was 845 and sample size was 530 based on Research Advisor (2021) table of determining sample size. The data was collected through the use of AUIMQ (Extent of use of Instructional Materials Questionnaire). The data collected was analyzed using frequency and percentages. The study revealed that there were no adequate instructional materials in the schools and the few available ones are not mostly put to use because of teachers inability to operate them or their ignorance to utilize the materials. This research study found that teaching without instructional materials is ineffective and therefore teachers should try to utilize the available instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the Study
The idea of using materials and equipments to enhance effectiveness in the instructional process is as old as mankind, the wise teacher will always use equipment or aids in form of instructional materials to help the learners understand and learn better. The unavailability of instructional materials in our primary schools and the little or no use of the available ones has impacted on the performance of children at the primary level.

In the recent years, there has been discussions and debates on the falling standard of education. The blame has been shifted from one education variable to another. Teachers, parents and pupils share the blame, ministries of education are often to blamed from the deteriorating condition in schools. It is with this background in mind that the researchers undertook the research on accessibility and the extent of use instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Wamakko Local Government Primary Schools.

Instructional materials are doubtlessly useful tools hence when applied effectively by a teacher help to enrich his teaching and stimulate in his pupil the desire to learn. Instructional materials, however do not achieve any of the attributed value on their own, their usefulness depends on what the teacher makes out of them. Intelligent handling of these materials in classroom is necessary. For effective extent of use instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language teachers must understand how to use and control instructional materials. Unless the classroom teacher uses these devices and directs the pupils attention to what they should look for, the pupils will not learn as much as intended form the devices.

To illustrate ideas, demonstrate abstract ideas and processes and show relationship of ideas in developing sequence requires an intelligent application of instructional materials. It is of almost importance, for the teacher to be at home with the limitation of the chosen materials so as to facilitate its effective utilization.

1.2 Statement of the Problem
Pupils’ poor academic performances have become a concern to all stakeholders. Education stakeholders blame the teachers while the teachers on their part blame the government for failing in their responsibilities to provide adequate instructional materials to enhance pupils’ academic performance in Junior Secondary Schools (Adedeji, 2002). It is also perceived that although these instructional materials are lacking in most Junior Secondary Schools, their utility by teachers has also been questionable.

This is in variance with the National Policy on Education (FRN, 2013), where it is was categorically stated that learning experiences for children shall be made more meaningful with the provision and effective use of innovative materials in schools. These innovative materials are the broad-based instructional materials needed for teaching-learning process in the Junior Secondary Schools. It is against this background that the researcher hopes to assess the extent of use of instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Wamakko L.G.A., Sokoto State.

1.3 Purpose of the Study
Generally, the study aimed at ascertaining the extent of use of instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Wamakko L.G.A., Sokoto State. Specifically, study was to:

1. Examine the extent of availability of visual instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Wamakko L.G.A., Sokoto State

2. Ascertain the extent of availability of audio instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Wamakko L.G.A., Sokoto State.

1.4 Research Questions
The following research questions guided the study:

1. To what extent are visual instructional materials available for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Wamakko L.G.A. of Sokoto State?

2. To what extent are Audio Instructional Materials available for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Wamakko L.G.A. of Sokoto State?

1.5 Hypotheses
The study was guided by the following null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance

1. There is no significant difference in the mean ratings of teachers from Wamakko Local Government Area Local Government Area and Wamakko South Local Government Area on the extent of available visual instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Wamakko L.G.A., Sokoto State.

2. There is no significant difference in the mean ratings of teachers from Wamakko Local Government Area Local Government Area and Wamakko South Local Government Area on the extent of available audio instructional materials for effective teaching-learning of English Language in Junior Secondary Schools in Wamakko L.G.A., Sokoto State.

1.6 Significance of the Study
The use of instructional materials gives the learner opportunity to touch, smell or taste objects in the teaching and learning process. Consequently, knowledge passed unto the pupils at different levels of educational instructions should be well planned and properly allied with relevant instructional materials for clarity and comprehensibility. Hence the significance of this study to the pupils, teachers, curriculum planners, educational system and the society at large.

To the pupils, the effective use of instructional materials would enable them to effectively learn and retain what they have learnt and thereby advancing their performance in the subject in question. This is because according to Nwadinigwe (2000), learning is a process through which knowledge, skills, habits, facts, ideas and principles are acquired, retained and utilized; and the only means of achieving this is through the use of instructional materials.

The study would enhance teachers’ teaching effectiveness and productivity. Consequently a teacher who makes use of appropriate instructional materials to supplement his teaching will help enhance pupils’ innovative and creative thinking as well as help them become plausibly spontaneous and enthusiastic.

1.7 Scope of the Study
This study is focused on evaluating the extent of use of instructional material on the advancement of primary school education in Wamakko LGA of Sokoto State. Due to time and financial constraints, the study is limited to selected primary schools in the Wamakko Local Government Area of Sokoto State. This is because the researcher has more and immediate access to the primary schools in this local government area and as such had the opportunity of having a comprehensive knowledge of the area and its environs.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 43 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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