THE EFFECT OF CUSTOMER AND EMPLOYEE RELATIONSHIP ON THE MANAGEMENT OF HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY BOTH PUBLICLY OWNED AND PRIVATELY OWNED ESTABLISHMENT

TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page
Approval page
Dedication
Acknowledgment
Abstract
Table of content

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Objective of the study
1.4 Research Hypotheses
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and limitation of the study
1.7 Definition of terms
1.8 Organization of the study

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 sources of data collection
3.3 Population of the study
3.4 Sampling and sampling distribution
3.5 Validation of research instrument
3.6 Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
4.1 Introductions
4.2 Data analysis

CHAPTER FIVE
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Summary
5.3 Conclusion
5.4 Recommendation
Appendix

ABSTRACT
The role of employees in service organizations is comparable to the role of the service itself. Their Importance to the firm is critical to both service delivery and service production. There is no gainsay that, service is all about the people (employees) because they appear more often to be the most tangible clue to customers’ perception of what quality service entails. It is in this light that this research was undertaken to determine the extent to which the effect of customer and employee relationship in the management of hospitality industry, as well as establishing the extent to which the concept of retention is internalized by the players in the hospitality industry in Nigeria. It also ascertained the rate at which variables like; remuneration, resource strategies, product knowledge, working condition and training translates into customer satisfaction, and determine how retention is perceived by employees

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study
The world Hospitality Industry has recently experienced a tremendous growth rate throughout the world. In fact Statistics have shown that Hospitality has today become one of ` the most promising and fastest growing industries in the service sector of the economy. More also Hospitality itself is as old as mankind and has been at the centre of the economy of Nations According to the Dictionary definition of customer, customeris a patron: one who purchases or receives a product or service from a business or merchant, or intends to do so. A person especially one engaging in some sort of interaction with others. There are five reasons why customers are always right before the employee.The phrase customers is always right was originally coined by Harry Gordon Selfridge in London in 1909, and is typically used by businesses.

1. To convince customers that they get good service

2. Convince the employees to give customers good service fortunately more business are abundantly these maxim ironically because it lead to bad customer service

The existence of any business is dependent on the patronage of the customers. In the hospitality industry a customer is a person who visits a hospitality firm to enjoy the services of the outfit such as food, drink, and in some cases accommodation. The services are rendered on payment of reasonable price charged by the firm. A customer takes the centre stage in management policy for successful operation of a hotel industry. It is on this background that customer’s retention is invariably a crucial management function as it is significantly related to survival of a business. Hence workable strategies must be designed to achieve this goal on regular basis.

Reicheld (1995:45) defined a customer as an individual or company that purchases a product or service. The term customer is used to refer to both consumer and organizational market. Consumer market is made up of those customers that buy products and services for further production or sale of other products and services. In effect, a customer supports an organization by offering his/her hard earned money in exchange for what an organization offers. Hospitality industry is the business where providing services such as catering and entertainment takes place, Apaokagi (2010). Reicheld, (1995) explained that customer retention is the activity that a selling organization (a hospitality firm) undertakes in order to reduce customer defections.Dictionary defines Employees as individuals who provides labour to an establishment or other person.Many employee may have the opportunity of direct contact with customers in the two different establishment both private and public hotels. For some it will be a regular aspect of their job, for other Hotels whether private or public. Technical skills and technique are very important but equally for perhaps more important are sincere caring attitudes and manner with the food served in an environment that has an atmosphere that makes the customer feel at ease, wanted and welcome. As competition and other environmental influences increase globally, it is obvious that there is growing emphases on quality improvement and error reduction in order to achieve customer satisfaction, retention and enhancing organizational value, (Iwarere, 2010) many companies and organizations have now acknowledges the critical importance of being customer-oriented and customer-driven in all their activities. Kotler [1997) asserts that as not enough to be product-driven or technology-driven, without bringing the power of customer into the centre of the business. So satisfy your customer or someone else will.Management inadequacies resulting too bad consequences to employees during services to customers.It makes employee unhappy, it give abrasive customers an unfair advantage, some customers are bad for business, it result in worse customer service, some customer are just plain wrong.

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Hospitality industry is the business where providing services such as catering and entertainment takes place, Apaokagi (2010). Reicheld, (1995) explained that customer retention is the activity that a selling organization (a hospitality firm) undertakes in order to reduce customer defections. On this background the research wants to investigate the effect of customer and employee relationship on the management of hospitality industry both publicly and privately owned establishments

OBJECTVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are;

1. To ascertain the effect of customer and employee relationship on the management of hospitality industry

2. To ascertain if there is different way of management between public and private hospitality industry

3. To ascertain if public hospitality industry offer better services than private own

4. To ascertain the relationship between public and private hospitality industry

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
For the successful completion of the study, the following research hypotheses were formulated by the researcher;

H0: there is no effect of customer and employee relationship on the management of hospitality industry

H1: there is effect of customer and employee relationship on the management of hospitality industry

H02: there is no relationship between public and private hospitality industry

H2: there is relationship between public and private hospitality industry

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study, which is primarily aimed at explaining the effect of customer and employee relationship on the management of hospitality industry both publicly and privately owned establishment, will provide an insight into the problems associated with management of public and private hospitality industry. This report would be of great benefit for private and public hospitality industry, to expose them to quality management.The findings will be useful for researchers to further generate knowledge in the field

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study covers the effect of customer and employee relationship on the management of hospitality industry both publicly and privately owned establishment. The researcher encounters some constrain which limited the scope of the study;

a) AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH MATERIAL: The research material available to the researcher is insufficient, thereby limiting the study

b) TIME: The time frame allocated to the study does not enhance wider coverage as the researcher has to combine other academic activities and examinations with the study.

c) Organizational privacy: Limited Access to the selected auditing firm makes it difficult to get all the necessary and required information concerning the activities.

DEFINITION OF TERMS
CUSTOMER: In sales, commerce and economics, a customer is the recipient of a good, service, product or an idea - obtained from a seller, vendor, or supplier via a financial transaction or exchange for money or some other valuable consideration.

EMPLOYEE:A person employed for wages or salary, especially at non-executive level

MANAGEMENT: Management is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit organization, or government body

HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY:The hospitality industry is a broad category of fields within service industry that includes lodging, event planning, theme parks, transportation, cruise line, and additional fields within the tourism industry.

PRIVATE: Belonging to or for the use of one particular person or group of people only.

PUBLIC: Relating to, or being in the service of a community or nation, especially as a government officer: apublic official

1.8 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY
This research work is organized in five chapters, for easy understanding, as follows

Chapter one is concern with the introduction, which consist of the (overview, of the study), historical background, statement of problem, objectives of the study, research hypotheses, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of terms and historical background of the study. Chapter two highlights the theoretical framework on which the study is based, thus the review of related literature. Chapter three deals on the research design and methodology adopted in the study. Chapter four concentrate on the data collection and analysis and presentation of finding. Chapter five gives summary, conclusion, and recommendations made of the study.

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