TEACHER'S ACADEMIC QUALIFICATION AND EFFECT ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF MATHEMATICS STUDENTS IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL, ABA-NORTH LGA, ABIA STATE

ABSTRACT 
The purpose of this study was to establish the effect of teacher’s qualification and academic achievement of students in mathemtics. The study was conducted in Aba-North, Abia state in Nigeria. The target population was comprised of the head teachers of the 29 secondary schools in the division, the teachers and students of SS3. The study applied a descriptive research design. A questionnaire and an interview guide techniques were used for data collection. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical techniques. The study revealed that teacher qualification have enormous influence on students’ achievement in mathematics. The teachers’ attitude on students, the demographic characteristics of teachers and their qualification had a significant influence on students’ academic achievements. The researcher therefore recommends immediate measures taken on reducing teacher - student ratio so as to enable individual education programmes taken on learners, device away of monitoring and evaluating the curriculum implementation in schools to ensure complete syllabus coverage is done. Further research can be done so as to establish the extent of influence of other education factors such as gender, social-economical effects, environmental and peerpressure. 

CHAPTER ONE 
INTRODUCTION 
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 
Mathematics is defined as the way of reasoning that promotes the habit of accuracy, logical systematic and orderly arrangement. Mathematics also provides us with powerful theoretical and computational techniques to advance our understanding of modern world and societal problems and to develop and manage the technology industries that are the backbones of our economy. 

Quality education is a concern and challenge to all nations of the world. This is due to the rapidly changing technology and job demands that have forced the focus of education to oscillate. Today, we live and work in era dominated by computers, world – wide communication and a global economy. 

A teaching qualification is one of a number of academic and professional degrees that enables a person to become a registered teacher in a secondary or secondary school. Such qualification includes, but is not limited to the Postgraduates Certificate in Education (PGCE), the professional Graduates Diploma in education (PGDE), the Bachelor of Education and National Certificate of Education (NCE). 

Secondary education is the first stage of compulsory education. It is preceded by pre-school or nursery education and is followed by Secondary education. In most countries, it is compulsory for children to receive secondary education although it is permissible for parents to provide it.The major goals of secondary education are achieving basic literacy and numeracy among all students, as well as establishing foundations in science, mathematics, geography, history and other social sciences. 

Typically, secondary education is provided in school where the child will stay in steadily advancing classes until they complete it and move on to high school/secondary school. Children are usually placed in classes with one teacher who will be primarily responsible for their education and welfare for that year.The continuity with a single teacher and the opportunity to build up as close relationship with the opportunity to build up a close relationship with the class is a notable features of the secondary education system. 

In most schools, teaching of mathematics is, handled by those that have only a supplementary training in mathematics e.g. graduates of physics, chemistry, biology, and even economics. The need to improve students’ achievement in mathematics is extremely critical.However; students’ performance in mathematics depends on a complex interplay of factors both within and outside the classroom. These factors range from teacher qualification to the professional development the teachers have received to support their teaching, to student socio-economic backgrounds and to the teaching practices the teachers use to accomplish their professional practice. 

For many years, educators and researchers have debated which school variable influence student achievement (Darling 2000).Ferguson(1991) concluded from his research in Texas,’’Good teachers have distinguishable impacts on students examination scores’’(p.465).Sander (1998) found that the ‘’single factor affecting academic growth of populations of students is differences in effectiveness of individual classroom teachers’’(p.27). 

Examining relationships between teachers certification, college/graduate school year, years of experience and student achievement in mathematics may help teachers and school administrators gain better insights to students performance. According to the Alabama teacher equity plan (2006), well prepared teacher is the critical ingredient in student learning. 

The No child left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 requires that all teachers in core academic subjects be highly qualified. NLCB stipulates that to be considered highly qualified, teachers must demonstrate that they have sufficient subject – matter knowledge and teaching skills to be effective teachers. Specifically, highly qualified teachers must: - 

1. Have obtained full state certification as a teacher passed the state teacher licensing examination and hold a license to teach. 

2. Have demonstrated subject matter competency in each of the academics subjects he or she teaches, and 

3. Hold a minimum of a bachelor’s degree. Ontario’s Education Minister, Jante Ecker (1999), indicated that governments must require teachers to have sufficient skills and knowledge in order maintain teacher certifications and to provide the highest level of education students. 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM 
The background knowledge of rudiments in mathematics can never be over-emphasized. The instructor (teacher) of mathematics at the lowest level education (secondary school) must be qualified since this stands to be the foundation on which “all” is built. If the foundation is weak, it will be difficult to build on it. The teachers at secondary school level try there best but to no avail. Why? It’s because they’re building on “nothing” and weak foundation. Phobia and negative attitudes towards learning mathematics could be erected right from there depending on the quality of the teacher that first introduced the “innocent” students to the subject. 

This alarming situation and the need to improve students learning and achievement in mathematics in Nigeria point to the need to investigation the effect of teacher’s qualification on the academic performance of students in Mathematics in secondary schools. 

1.3 The Purpose of the Study 
The purpose of this study was to assess the influence of teacher qualification on students’ achievement in mathematics in Aba-North LGA, Abia state, Nigeria. 

1.3.1 Objectives of the Study 
1. To assess how teacher qualification influence students’ achievement in mathematics in Aba-North LGA. 

2. To examine how demographic characteristics of teachers influences the students’ achievement in mathematics in Aba-North LGA. 

3. To establish how teaching experience of the classroom teacher influence student’s achievement in mathematics in Aba-North LGA. 

1.4 Research Questions 
1. How does the teacher’s qualification influence students’ academicperformance? 

2. How does the demographic characteristics of teacher’s influence student’s academic performance? 

3. How does the teaching experience of the classroom teacher influence students’ academic performance? 

1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY 
The purpose of the study is to determine the relationship between student’s performance and teacher’s qualification and the extent to which they predict student’s achievement in mathematics in Aba-North Local Government Area of Abia State. 

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY 
The researcher work will be relying mainly on the information collected from class teachers in some selected secondary schools in Aba-North Local Government. 

1.5 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY 
The research work is limited only to Aba-North Local Government area of Abia state. Schools were randomly selected and data collected based on the student performance in Mathematical test, teachers’ qualification, subject major and years of experience. 

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS 
1. Student academic performance: Refers to the display of knowledge attained or skilled developed in school subject designated by test and examination scores or marks assigned by the subject teacher to the students. This shows a valued judgment placed on various means of evaluation of teaching-learning. 

2. Mathematics: Is a very desirable tool virtually all spheres of human endeavors be it science, engineering, industry, technology, and even the arts it is a key subject in the school curriculum and is considered a knowledge that is indispensable to an educated person 

3. Mathematics Test: This is a criterion test which includes varieties of questions. The questions require students to choose out of four options and individual students are scored into 4 levels. 

4. Teachers’ qualification: - Research shows that mathematics teachers quality is unevenly distributed in schools and students with the greatest needs tend to have access to the least qualified and least effective teachers (Peske and Haycock 2006) 

5. Subject Major: - Area of concentration of individual teacher. Teaching Experience: - Teachers will be categorized according to whether or not they had more than five years of teaching experience mathematics. Peske and Haycock (2006) said that years of experience and educational background are useful indicators for measures of teacher quality. Yet while they are associated with characteristics, they do not guarantee success in student’s academics performance

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 55 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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