ROLE OF ISLAMIC KNOWLEDGE IN COMBATING CRIME IN NORTH-WEST GEO-POLITICAL ZONE OF NIGERIA

ABSTRACT
The research is an analysis of the Role of Islamic Knowledge in Combating Crime in the North-West Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria. The study was conducted through the use of survey research involving quantitative method. The data was collected from the respondents by means of Islamic Knowledge Combating Crime Questionnaire (IKCCQ). The population of this study comprised the Muslims in North Western zone of the country. A total of three states, Kano, Sokoto and Kaduna, were selected. The random sampling technique was adopted. A total of 900 respondents were sampled across the three States and a test with reliability coefficient of r=0.78 was  carried out to determine the reliability of the instrument used for gathering the data. One major research question and a null hypothesis made in the work are; how does the objective of Islamic knowledge affect crime prevention in Kaduna, Kano and Sokoto states respectively? And there is no significant difference in the respondents’ views in the objective of Islamic Knowledge on crime prevention and control on the basis of their state. A total of six research questions were answered with item means, standard deviations, standard errors and item frequencies. Also, a total of six null hypotheses were tested using the Analysis of  Variance (ANOVA) to find differences in respondents’ perception on the basis of their state. All hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study found amongst others that Islamic Knowledge has attributes in combating crime in the North-West geopolitical zone of Nigeria. It was recommended amongst others that workshops, seminars or conferences should be organized at different levels by the different tiers of government, Islamic organizations, NGOs to synthesize the society on the need for an increase in the propagation of Islamic knowledge as it could have an impact in combating crime in the region and beyond.


CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background to the Study
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. All thanks are to Allah who revealed the ultimate guidance, the Qur’an, which contains everything that man requires for the success of the two lives. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon the seal of Prophets, Muhammad ( سلم و عليه هللا صلى) who demonstrated the most sublime character, May Allah (SWT) also be pleased with the companions of the Prophet (سلم و عليه هللا صلى) who took the true teachings of Islam to generation after them.
This research is an analysis of the role of Islamic Knowledge in Combating Crime in the North-west Geo-Political Zone of Nigeria. It is generally assumed that combating Crime is the sole responsibility of the Law enforcement agents. The essence of this study however, is to provide the North Western States the best way to control crime, as well provide quality service delivery to the general public through proper utilization of Islamic Knowledge since Islam is the predominant religion in the region.
It is pertinent to state that the basic aim of the religion of Islam is to instill consciousness of Allah, the Creator, and moral values. In this regard, Islam made learning the most essential aspect of religion. It may be said that Islam is the path of knowledge. No other religion or ideology has so much emphasized the importance of
learning than Islam. The Qur’an states:

محمد:

ﰕﰖﰗﰘ

     

٩١
So know that there is no god but Allah, and, ask protection for your fault and for the believing men and the believing women; and Allah knows the place of your returning and the place of your abiding, (Q47:19).

The above quoted verse emphasizes knowledge first, before Tauhid, which is the bedrock of Islam. Perhaps the essence of knowledge in Islam is to inculcate the consciousness of Allah and knowledge about Him into man, as well as to guide man to moral values. The following Qur’anic verses substantiate the statement:



 ﭺ   ﭻ    ﭼ  ﭽ  ﭶ  ﭷ  آل



                              
عمران: ٨١


Allah bears witness that there is no god but He, and (so do) the angels and those possessed of knowledge, maintaining His creation with justice; there is no god but He, the Mighty, the Wise.(Q3;18)

The verse quoted above stresses that those who truly know Allah among the creatures are the Angels and scholars. It is obvious that only persons who are Knowledgeable in Islamic teachings would know how to adjust and integrate behaviors and actions into a framework of life. This therefore, clearly indicates that those who are conscious of moral values and do not indulge in crimes because of their knowledge about Allah are the learned persons. It is further revealed in the Qur’an that:


  فاطر: ٨٢


ﯥ ﯦ ﯧ

ﯞ ﯟ ﯠ ﯡ

... those of His servants only who are possessed of knowledge fear Allah; surely Allah is Mighty, Forgiving.(Q.35;28)

Certainly, all immoral activities are condemned in Islamic teachings. As the Qur’an explained:

ﮁ    ﮆ  ﮇ  ﮄ   ﮅ   ﮈ    ﮉ  ﮂ   ﮃ  ﭾ  ﭿ  ﮌ      ﮍ ﮀ ﮁ  ﮂ ﮃ ﮄ ﮅ  ﮆ

  ﮖ  ﮗ  ﮘ  ﮙ  ﮚ  ﮛ  ﮜ  ﮝ األعراف: ٣٣

Say: My Lord has only prohibited indecencies, those of them that are apparent as well as those that are concealed, and sin and rebellion without justice, and that you associate with Allah that for which He has not sent down any authority, and that you say against Allah what you do not know (Q. 7:33).

In the same vein, history has attested to the contributions of Islam in reforming corruptible societies, making the people in such societies become morally upright and God conscious. It suffices to mention the efforts of Islam in the reformation of Makkah in particular, when it was morally bankrupt, and ungodly activities were the order of the period with people having very little conscience (Al Awabdeh, 2005), as expressed by Jafar ibn Abi Talib in his speech in front of the Negus when he said: "we were ignorant people, we worshipped idols and ate from dead animals. We committed all sorts of immorality and cut off the ties of kinship and mismanaged the neighborhood and the strong among us devoured the weak" (A Rahim, 2001). Of course, the changes or reformations were brought not as a result of using any force or authority, but rather through imparting the true knowledge of Islamic religion. This transformation of that the criminal phenomenon is an evidence that Islam has mechanisms to fight against crime. Sherwani, (1993).
It is also evident that in history, before Islam was introduced into Hausa land - the present North-west geo-political zone of Nigeria was experiencing high rate of evil and immoral activities and it was a period of disintegrated societies. But through the teachings of Islam and unity of the people moral behavior were installed. However, ignorance about the religion and deviation from the religious teachings were promoted again and hence, corruption set in again, which later incited the launching of the Jihad  of Shiekh Usman bn Fodiyo of 1804 (Raji, 2005). The Jihad was championed and guided by the teachings of Islam and was successful in reforming people, taking them back to the moral teachings of Islam.
However, when the people neglected the prescriptions of Islam in relation to what is expected of them in their daily living, some or most of the immoral activities were revived and hence the societies of North-west were beset by the challenge and threat of crime and evil again. In view of this, this research is designed to examine the role of Islamic knowledge in combating crimes in the area of study.

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Item Type: Postgraduate Material  |  Attribute: 224 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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