DESIGN OF AN INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE CENTRE, ABUJA NIGERIA

ABSTRACT
The Event Center, Abuja is a center where different activities are carried out Organized on a daily, weekly, biweekly, monthly and yearly basis. The center is multifunctional is for use. Therefore, the study aims to examine the concept of adaptability to flexibility in architectural design. Several event centers have also been evaluated in Nigeria and abroad. in terms of its spatial and functional requirements that were considered as determinants for the design of the existing event center; in addition to showing its different uses reflecting flexibility and adaptability in the application. Quantitative data such as The interview document (secondary data) and participant observations were virtually displayed in the methodology. The results revealed that some facts that the center operators did not use it throughout the year because there was still a structure latent and unused, forgetting that the structure is multidimensional and functional in The study also came into being with the design of the International Event Center, which Registered trademark of international perspective as presented in the study.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
            Background of Study
In modern day business world, the importance of International Conference Centre need not be over-emphasized in view of the many uses such a centre can be put to (Aliyu, 1985). In current times an Conferencesition Centre is an erratic large scale gathering of nations exhibiting in most cases aggressively- their progress in science, technology and culture (Alol, 2000).It is essentially political with little commercial purpose, open to all sections of the economy (manufacturing and service industries) and participants exhibit their wares for the purpose of selling, getting supply orders or creating markets (Alol, 2000).
Word Conferencesitions have long been established as grand events for economic, scientific, technological and cultural exchanges, serving as important platforms for exchanging innovative ideas and showcasing future trends (Chao et al, 1994). The Conference centre is made up of multiple halls and a dedicated cutting edge News and International Broadcasting Center housing radio, television, internet and programme production studios, enabling tens of thousands of journalist from around the word to broadcast live (Hesketh, 1999). The distinction between the way space is perceived and the way that it  is defined is a significant determinant of the architectural experience. This distinction allows the limitations of space to be questioned visually since space may be defined differently than it is perceived(Fulmer, 2006). Numerous authors have discussed adaptability (Pulakos, 1999) in relation to different phenomena at the individual, team, and organizational levels, often using many different names and definitions for this concept. For instance, (Hesketh, 1999) referred to adaptive performance, (Murphy, 1999) discussed role flexibility and (Mone, 1999) wrote about the proficiency with which individuals self-manage their new learning experiences. Furthermore, adaptation has been discussed in relation to many different organizationally relevant variables (such as new people and teams, novel and ill-defined problems, different cultures, new technology, challenging physical conditions), encompassing a wide range of behaviours across a variety of different task demands. Conference center need to be increasingly adaptable, versatile, and tolerant of uncertainty to operate effectively in these changing and varied environments, yet adaptability, flexibility, and versatility are elusive concepts that have not been well defined in the psychological literature (Ford, 1992). The Conference Centeris designed with innovation and reliability in mind, given that this would be an iconic building providing a long term infrastructure solution was an essential component to maintaining its status as an internationally renowned convention centre (Molex,2010). Advanced infrastructure solutions were chosen to support the Conference Centerand its image as one of most significant network infrastructure investments. As the most important building the Conference Centerwill achieved these key performance indicators for standardisation, advanced technologies, practicality, flexibility, compatibility, security, reliability and cost efficiencies(Molex,2010). It is a multi-functional venue that  also caters to a wide range of social and corporate events, creates blueprints for future cities and harmonious urban life styles, providing an extraordinary educational and entertainment platform for visitors from across the globe(Mone, 1999). Employing unique types of analyses and generating new innovative ideas in complex areas; new approaches, integrating seemingly unrelated information and developing creative solutions; entertaining wide-ranging possibilities, thinking outside the given parameters to see if there is a more effective approach(Holyoak, 1991).
The conference aims to achieve the greatest participation in the history of world conference and estimates over 200 nations taking part.

Statement of Problem
Over the years, Architects were used to designing International Conference Centres with the sole purpose of promoting trade exhibitions without giving a second thought to the fact that it could be used for other purposes. There exist no room for flexibility hence it could not be adapted for other purpose. A lot of policies have been introduced which are often aggressive towards achieving this goal by encouraging and promoting the establishment of manufacturing industries and marketing of the intended products. As a result of the diversification policy of government, it becomes necessary in modern day economy to encourage a clear vision and intent whereby international Conferencese Centres when constructed can be used for multi-purposely. In order to address these challenges, this study explores the concept of flexibility and adaptive performance in Conference Centerand more precisely define the adaptive performance requirements of exhibitions as well as proffer solution to identifiable gaps between the past and present trends as far as the design and construction of modern international conference centre is concerned.

Justification of Study 
The benefits derivable from this study are enormous. It is germane to state explicitly that this study will be useful to Architects, Students of Architecture, Business men and women especially developers who has interest in developing International conference centres, Researchers as well as Teachers of Architecture in the various Institutions of learning in Nigeria and abroad. Due to the lack of flexibility and adaptability of the existing International Conference Centres in Nigeria and the attendant low income profile identified as a result of these shortcomings, this study is significance as it attempts to find solutions to these shortcomings thereby contributing in no small measure to the body of knowledge in this field of study.

Aim and Objectives of Study 
The aim of this study is to explore the concepts of Flexibility and Adaptability in order to develop strategies for applying these in the design of Conference Center.
This aim will be achieved through the following objectives:

i.                                                          To examine the concepts of flexibility and adaptability in architectural designs;
ii.                                                            To study the various conference centres in Nigeria and abroad so as to establish their spatial and functional requirements;
iii.                                                                 To evaluate existing conference centre designs to see how the use of Flexibility and Adaptability have been employed;
iv.                                                           To design an conference centre using the concepts of Flexibility and Adaptability.

Research Questions 
This research intends to answer two basic questions which are:
i.                                                                                                What architectural features enhance the flexibility and adaptability of conference centres?
ii.                                                                                              To what extent has the concept of flexibility and adaptability been applied to conference center design in Nigeria?

Scope of Study 
The research is focused on the aspect of flexibility and adaptive concept that makes it a viable tool for architectural expression of conference center.However, conscious efforts shall be made to understudy local and international conference centres respectively. The shortcomings identified in these centres will be improved upon in the proposed design of Abuja international conferencese centre which is the central theme in this project. Subject to availability of resources, it is also my desire that efforts shall be made to understudy other conference centres outside Nigeria in order to add international perspective, flavour or dimension to this work. Field studies were conducted at selected locations in Nigeria.

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Item Type: Postgraduate Material  |  Attribute: 115 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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