ADOPTION OF STRATEGY GOALS: EXPLORING THE SUCCESS OF STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION THROUGH ORGANIZATIONAL ACTIVITIES (A STUDY OF BOURDEX TELECOM MANAGEMENT SERVICES)

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ABSTRACT
This study is about the success of strategy implementation. Implementation, the conceptual counterpart of strategy formulation, has been regarded as an extremely challenging area in management practice. Still, strategy implementation has received remarkably less attention in the strategic management literature. The existing implementation frameworks are mostly normative and rather limited.

On the other hand, the strategy as practice research agenda has emerged to study strategy on the micro level, as a social phenomenon. Practice researchers have introduced an activity – based view on strategy that is concerned with the day – to – day activities of organizational life that relate to strategic outcomes. Still, there is a clear need to know more about these strategic activities: what are they like, and how are they related to strategic outcomes.
This study explores the success of strategy implementation in terms of organizational activities, by focusing on two questions: how are the strategy goals realized through organic goal’s adoption? The research questions are addressed empirically.

The analysis produces a general strategic activity categorization consisting of numerous activities under five main activity categories of determining, communicating, controlling, organization and interacting with the environment. The activities divide into existing and desired ones, which further divide into enhancing and novel one, the analysis reveals that successful adoption of a strategic goal is desired activities that enhance the existing ones and extensive repertories of novel desired activities in addition, the scope of the strategic goals’ origin and its coherence with other elements of strategy is proposed to contribute to the adoption of the strategic goal.


The study contributed to the strategy as practice discussion by taking the activity – based view seriously and showing in detail what the strategic activities are like and how they are linked to the success of strategy implementation. The research reveals that strategy implementation is a much more complicated, creative, communicative, and external oriented phenomenon than the extant literature presents. Furthermore this study adds to the very limited empirical research on how strategies are adopted and enacted on all organizational levels. The practical implications of the study concern critical evaluation of existing and desired activity patterns, as well as understanding the significance of the strategic goals’ origin and the coherence of the strategic whole.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Abstract
Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE
1.1       Background of the study
1.2       Statement of problem
1.3       Objectives of the study
1.4       Research questions
1.5       Hypotheses formulation
1.6       Significance of the study
1.7       Scope of the study
1.8       Limitations of the study
1.9       Definition of terms
References

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 Review of related literature
2.1 The concept of strategy
2.2 Strategy as content and process
2.3 Strategy as practice: An activity Based view of strategy
2.3.1 Strategizing all over the organization
2.4 strategic goals and components
2.4.1 Individual collective and organization goals
2.4.2 Strategic intent and goal
2.5 Adoption of strategic goals
2.6 Organization strategic activities
2.7 The Essence of strategic action
2.8 Strategic activities, Types and classification
2.8.1 Strategic activity classification
2.9 Bourdex Telecom’s strategic goal
2.9.1 Development project related activities
2.9.2 Desired activities for customer service Process improvement Reference

CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Research methodology
3.1 Research design
3.2 Area of the study
3.3 Population of study
3.4 Sample size determination
3.5 Instrument of Data Collection
3.6 Method of Data presentation and analysis
References

CHAPTER FOUR
4.1 Presentation and Analysis of Data
4.2 Hypotheses test

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Summary of findings, recommendation and conclusion
5.1 Summary of findings,
5.2 recommendations
5.3 Conclusion
Bibliography

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Although strategy has been one of the main interests of both organization theorists and practitioners for decades.

Porter (1991:95-117) states that the most central question in strategy research has been why some firms succeed and some fail. According to Tsoukas (1996:11-25) in studying firms’ behaviour, management researchers have traditionally addressed two questions in what direction should a firm channel its activities and how should a firm be organized.

On the other hand, business management and practitioners in private and public organizations as well as strategy consultants, strategy gurus, and business schools have constantly sought models and guidelines to ensure organizational survival and success as the basic motivation for all strategists. Strategy is about understanding and anticipating the nature of an organization’s competitive environment and its position within it.


Barney (1991:99-120) states that a strategy is about understanding the organization’s valuable, rare, inimitable and non-substitable internal resources, and core competences.. Ansoff (1965) views strategy as about creating ingenious plans for the future to beat competitors to serve customers in novels ways, but it is also about organizational action, taking different kinds of actions step-by-step in specific way.

Though, this research project is about the success of strategy implementation. The processes by which strategies are created, that is, strategy formulation, or strategy making, have gained growing attention since the 1960s and the early authors have developed different normative frameworks and models for building a successful corporate or business strategy. As a conceptual counterpart to formulation, strategy implementation has been considered a process of executing the decisions made in the formulation process.

Hrebiniak and Joyce (2001:602) stress that strategy implementation has not reached as much attention as formulation and has even been labeled as “a neglected area in the literature of strategic management. Therefore, formulation and implementation f strategy have generally

been considered
as separate,
distinguishable
parts of
the  strategic
management process and the
conceptual separation of implementation
and formulation can also be seen strategy write up or textbooks.
Snow  and
Harmbrick
(1980:527:538)”
even
argue  that,
researchers have
( …) reached a general consensus on distinguishing

between strategy formulation and strategy implementation. The advantage of making this distinction is that the cognitive aspects of strategy formulation, can be viewed as an important phases apart from the action component (implementation) But this work look at this distinction as myopic considering thinking and doing. The believe here demonstrate that, implementation is more than pure mechanical execution, requiring cognition, initiative and interaction on the part of various stakeholders throughout the organization.

Infact, the classical implementation literature is often laden with a rather mechanistic idea of man, which neglects the factor that organizational members are conscious agents with their own intents and is manifested

in terms such as “installing strategy” As Clegg et al (2004: 24) put it, the Cartesian split between the intelligible mind and the dumb body that has to be informed”.

Some groups of authors like, “Bourgeois and Brodwin (1984) Noble (1999) and Hrebiniak and Joyce (2001 states that the concept of strategy implementation is “elusive” and strategy implementation....

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