GRAMMATICAL ERROR ANALYSIS OF SELECTED NEWS SCRIPTS OF THE BROADCASTING CORPORATION OF ABIA STATE RADIO, UMUAHIA


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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Tittle Page
Approval Page
Dedication
Acknowledgements
ivTable of Contents
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
1.1.1.   The Concept of News
1.1.2.   The Origin of the Broadcasting Corporation of Abia State (BCA) Radio, Umuahia
1.2.      Statement of Problem
1.3.      Purpose of the Study
1. 4.     Scope of the Study
1.5.      Significance of the Study
1.6.      Research Questions

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1.      Preamble
2.2.      Review of Related Literature
2.3.Summary

CHAPTER THREE: THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1.      Theoretical Framework
3.2.      Research Methodology
3.2.1.   Area of the Study
3.2.2.   Population of the Study
3.2.3.   Method of Data Collection
3.2.4.   Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL ERRORS IN THE NEWS SCRIPTS
4.1.      Preamble
4.2.      Presentation of Findings
4.3.      Grammatical Errors in the Scripts Studied
4.3.1.   Punctuation Errors31 4.3.2.Concord Errors
4.3.3.   Prepositional Errors
4.3.4.   Omission Errors42 4.3.5.Pluralization Errors
4.4.      Summary of the Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS FOR FURTHER STUDIES
5.1.      Summary of the Study
5.2.      Conclusion
5.3. Suggestions for Further Studies
Works Cited
Appendix




ABSTRACT


This study was carried out in respect to the grammatical errors that currently exist in the Broadcasting Corporation of Abia State Radio, Umuahia. The sole aim of this study was to carefully investigate the above station’s news scripts, examine their structure, and to find out the causes, types and patterns of grammatical errors which include punctuation, concord, omission, preposition and pluralisation errors in the selected news scripts of different years. The most selected news scripts used were world news, news in brief, news headlines, news package, news segment, and news digest. The data were collected from the news room of the BCA Radio, Umuahia, which represents other media houses all over the country. Each of the above news scripts was selected and surveyed on a daily basis for a period of three weeks and was finally used for the study. The data used were analysed using a simple percentage calculations, while a simple randomisation method was adopted in collecting the data. From the findings, it was believed that those grammatical errors were as a result of the low level of education of the media workers, especially the journalists and the incomplete mastery of the English language among the broadcasting corporation bodies like the news casters or reporters which has a negative impact on the listeners because listeners rely on word meanings of these news as absolutely correct. However, to remedy these ugly situations that have befallen the media houses here in Nigeria, the researcher recommended that broadcasting authorities should employ only well-qualified language experts that are highly proficient in the English language to serve as editors who will competently proofread the news lines before they are broadcast.





CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

Today, a good number of people across the world listen to news. In the Nigerian society, a lot of people, most especially the elite, listen to news to get adequate updates concerning events and happenings in society. Consequently, this has led to the evolution of a plethora of more news media in the country over the years. Also, news items are often constructed in certain structures to specifically capture the highlights of ideas and stories in news scripts. Tiono (20) argues that in order to attract listeners’ attention, journalists make the scripts sound so interesting that listeners become more curious to know the content of the whole story and thereby listen to news in detail. This entails that the professionalism of a journalist is measured by his ability to use the language appropriately and thereby he ought to be a standard bearer of English usage because he does more than writing. He edits write-ups from other people; he comments and criticizes them, and he puts the news lines together.

Thus, as a result of the way language is used and the way certain linguistic structures are constructed in news scripts, news often has a great influence on the listeners, though it is a pity that many news scripts are replete with various types of errors which affect the effective use of the English language. The media workers are always in a hurry to publish their papers so as to meet the demands of readers, especially in the case of daily news scripts. In their attempt to meet a deadline, there is always this curiosity to rush their publications and in the process, it becomes difficult for proper cross-checking of scripts. This results in errors such as typographical errors, omission of articles, wrong use of prepositions, concord errors, disordering of words, and so on. “One of the reason s for bad grammar in news scripts includes the fact that many people have a hand in the production of news scripts; all of them are in a hurry to meet the deadline” (Brooks 109)....

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