AN ANALYSIS ON THE IMPACT OF FEASIBILITY AND VIABILITY STUDIES ON GOVERNMENT BUILDING PROJECT IN NIGERIA

ABSTRACT
After taking Government building project Development as a policy direction to catalyze industrialization, Nigeria has embarked up on constructing Government building project and more parks have been constructed in different parts of the country. This study assesses the feasibility and viability of the Industrial Park in Nigeria to come up with lessons both for further industrial park development efforts and a better conducive policy formulation inputs for the sector. As a recommendation, in detail with a recommendation that enhances feasibility and viability of IDU in the future. Policy fine-tuning on competitiveness and productivity of IPs – facilitating for government building project to be developed and managed by private sector, with active participation of the domestic one is put forward. Besides, strengthening pre-feasibility and feasibility assessment before any public investments through a stronger Public Investment Management – PIM system is recommended on the other hand, blending the One-Stop-Services (OSS) systems of Government building project with ‘Innovative supports’ of IPs designed through a sector-specific challenges of companies is recommended to improve service deliveries in IPs. The other key recommendation of this paper is on cautions IPs in Nigeria should take when they specialize on specific sectors as IDU did on textile sector.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of The Study
Until relatively recently, the discipline of development appraisal has remained the provenance of surveyors and developers. It largely been ignored by other participants in the development process, particularly planners, architects and construction specialists. This is now changing. Close attention is now paid to the feasibility and viability (and profitability) of development proposals as government and other stakeholders seek to extract developer and/or landowner contributions to affordable housing, public services and infrastructure. Consequently the theory, application and outputs from development appraisal are under intense scrutiny from a wide range of users. Since Circular 05/05 proposed the submission of financial information‟ to provide a basis for negotiations between developers and local planning authorities about viable levels of affordable housing, tests of the financial viability of development projects have become an integral part of the planning process, both at the forward planning and development control stages. At the large-scale, macro-level Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessments require proposed plans to be achievable. However, the timeframe for development can be decades rather than years and, as a result, generating detailed and reliable cost and revenue projections can be impractical. At the other end of the scale, viability appraisals are carried out to inform negotiations about affordable housing levels for a scheme about which there may be a high level of information on permitted development and expected costs over a relatively short timeframe.

In terms of critical evaluation from the real estate academic community, development appraisal has remained something of a backwater. In contrast, often linked to market traumas, over the last four decades methods of appraising standing investment properties have been the subject of widespread academic and professional debate. Whilst the RICS monitors variance and accuracy of investment valuations, there is no comparative institutional evaluation of the performance of development appraisals. Nevertheless, conventional development viability models have been subject to some criticism, particularly their simplified composition, failure to mirror reality and theoretical weaknesses.

1.2 Problem Statement
The general low usage of formal feasibility and viability appraisal techniques by contractors and developers globally often culminates into project failures, incessant claims for variations, huge financial losses and sometimes brings discomfort for people who came to enjoy themselves at these recreational centres. (Allan et al, 2007). This situation is more prevalent in redevelopment projects due to the inevitable problems of unexpected additional work, excessive requirements and scope management issues, project funding not aligned with project plans, delay, structural failure, cost overrun, etc (Naaranoja and Uden, 2007). These problems or uncertainties, among others, increase the project risk and make their management crucial if success is desired.

Some construction projects in Owerri Urban have been abandoned due to poor or no feasibility and viability appraisal on them, while some recreational developments Owerri Golf Club, Silver Bird Cinema etc have stood the test of time, due to proper planning and forecasting. This huge expenditure and apparent failure in the primary objectives of the project led to complaints, probe panels and subsequent abandonment of the project.

Research has shown that financial, political and physical risks are the most significant to Nigerian Contractors (Dada, 2010). However, of the different levels of risk (country, market or project), there is shortage of research as to how Contractors approach project planning at organisational level.

1.3Objective of the Study
More specifically; this study will try to address the following specific objectives:

• Assess the economic, social and environmental viability of IDU

• Conducting qualitative assessment on the sustainability of IDU

1.4 Research Questions
The study tries to address the following questions in line with the general and specific objectives of the research.

1- Was a pre-feasibility and feasibility assessment done before the investment of IDU?

2- Is IDU economically, socially and environmentally viable?

3- Is IDU sustainable?

1.6 Significance of The Study
This study gives a clear insight into the various ways in which Capital Project developers and owners in Owerri can maximise efficiency and profits through effective and efficient application of feasibility and viability appraisal methods and techniques. The study also gives a clear insight into the various impacts of feasibility and viability appraisal methods on the development of recreation properties in Abuja. The findings and recommendations of the researcher will help in building a strong and better appraisal technique and strategies for Capital Project developers in Abuja. The impact of feasibility and viability on Capital Project development in Abuja are outlined in-order for drastic measures to be taken to tackle any challenge property owners and developers may face when developing recreational centres in Abuja.

1.6 Scope of Study
1.6 Scope and Limitation of the Study
This study finds out weather IDU is sustainable in terms of Economic, Social and Environmental parameters. This research does not assess viability of Government building project in Nigeria, nor other leadership and management aspects of IDU.

1.7 Limitation of The Study
The only limitation faced by the researcher in the course of carrying out this study was the delay in getting data from the various respondents. Most respondents were reluctant in filling questionnaires administered to them due to their busy schedules and nature of their work. The researcher found it difficult to collect responses from the various respondents, and this almost hampered the success of this study.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 38 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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