THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC IMPACT OF DUMPSIDES ON RESIDENTS IN OFFA L.G.A., LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA

ABSTRACT
Dumpsites has been important since time immemorial. With the unprecedented increase in population worldwide, especially in Sub Saharan Africa, dumpsiteshas been vital for good health, good environment and aesthetics of its towns and cities. The research intended to study solid socio-economic impact of dumpsites in Kwara State; a case of solid dumpsites projects in Offa, Kwara State, the research design is a descriptive survey. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire which were administered personally, via e-mails, enumerators and pick them after they have been filled. The data was then coded and analyzed using the SPSS version 20.0. Chi-square tested the hypothesis. 99 questionnaires were administered to the respondents with a return rate of 91%. The study concludes that the SW projects in Offa, Kwara State just like any other in the rest of the world have led to jobs creation in the area and other surrounding environs.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study
Over the years, Nigeria has experienced rapid population growth, urbanization and industrialization. Currently, the population is approximately 28.5 million, of which more than 70% live in urban areas. This rapid development has resulted in the generation of more municipal solid waste (Badgie et al., 2012, Fauziah and Agamuthu, 2012). In general, the greater the economic prosperity of a nation, the higher the rate of urbanization and the greater the amount of solid waste produced, and Nigeria was one of these nations (Kathirvale et al., 2003, Uiterkamp et al., 2011). Due to the rapid increase, research and the implementation of a method for the effective management of this waste has become a serious concern (Al Ansari, 2012).

Solid waste is material that has become useless or useless for the true owner and, therefore, is projected to be discarded. The material may not be useless, but whenever the owner throws it, it has become a waste. Municipal solid waste, on the other hand, is waste produced in urban areas. In Nigeria, the Solid Dumpsites and Public Cleaning Act of 2007 defines solid waste as any waste, surplus substance or any product released from human activity, but excluding scheduled waste, wastewater and waste. Radioactive (Agamuthu& Dennis, 2011).

Solid dumpsitescovers all activities, from production to final disposal, and is defined as the control, production, storage, collection, transfer and transport, treatment and disposal of solid waste. In accordance with best practices in public health, economics and finance, engineering. Administrative, legal and environmental considerations. As in other parts of developing countries, their production in Nigeria has increased considerably at an annual rate of 3-4% (Manaf et al., 2009). The daily amount of solid waste produced recently has reached 30,000 tons (Agamuthu and Fauziah, 2011). About these amounts, approximately.

It has been reported that 70% of them are collected and about 95% (representing 75% of the waste generated) are disposed of in landfills and only 5% are recycled (Agamuthu et al., 2009b). Several researchers have conducted numerous studies on solid dumpsites in Nigeria, most of which indicate that landfilling and landfilling is the main disposal method (Lau, 2004, Sakawi, 2011, Tarmudi et al., 2012).

1.2 Statement of the problem.
The main challenge facing Nigeria is how to manage this growing MSW effectively and sustainably. These challenges include inadequate collection, recycling or treatment and the uncontrolled disposal of waste in ordinary sanitary landfills, which creates serious risks and environmental contamination (Agamuthu, 2001). For example, when rain falls, it removes some of these wastes and leaches from water sources such as rivers, which puts the environment at greater risk of contamination (Pukkalanun et al., 2013). Also in these landfills, greenhouse gases (GHGs) are emitted into the atmosphere, which contributes to climate change, which is another area of great concern. These and other situations make the disposal of urban solid waste a source of environmental degradation (Manaf et al., 2009, Fauziah et al., 2004, Ngoc and Schnitzer, 2009). In fact, these are just some of the reasons that led the federal government of Nigeria to assume the responsibilities that previously corresponded to local authorities for the management of these increasing amounts of waste.

In an effort to improve and guarantee a quality service in solid dumpsites, the government privatized solid dumpsites in Nigeria.

1.3 Purpose of the study
The purpose of this study is to examine Socio-economic impact of dumpsites in Offa Kwara State as case study. Specifically, the study will assess:

1. impact of Dumpsites on revenue generation among residents in Offa L.G.A.,Kwara State

2. the factors affecting proper dumpingin Offa L.G.A.,Kwara State

3. the relationship between Dumpsites and revenue generation among residents in Offa L.G.A.,Kwara State.

1.4 Significance of the study
To a large extent, dumpsites efficiency depends on the way different actors understand the danger and the good of maintaining environment safe and their capacity but also the commitment of public and private sectors as well as the involvement and participation of the communities themselves in supporting the whole concept. It also depends on the useful information and lessons from current best practices in the provision of this important service. Such information and lessons can be obtained only through research and studies; hence this research can assist in the improvement and performance of dumpsites in the urban settlements and to identify opportunities for future strategic development in the field of solid dumpsites. Particularly, this study is useful to the different stakeholders including planners, administrators and private waste collectors, and in one way or the other contributes to future policy interventions in dumpsites sector

1.5 Study hypothesis
HO1: There is no significant relationship between Dumpsites and revenue generation among residents in Offa L.G.A.,Kwara State.

1.6 Scope and Limitations of the Study
The study scope is limited to investigating Socio-economic impact of dumpsites inin Offa L.G.A.,Kwara State as case study. Limitation faced by the research was limited time and financial constraint.

1.7 Organization of study
The study is grouped into five chapters. This chapter being the first gives an introduction to the study. Chapter two gives a review of the related literature. Chapter three presents the research methodology; chapter four presents the data analysis as well as interpretation and discussion of the results. Chapter five gives a summary of findings and recommendations.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 50 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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