TAXATION AS THE SIGNIFICANT TOOL FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT (THE STUDY OF INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, UYO)


ABSTRACT
This research work examine as a significant tool for economic development. It concludes that a tax has played an important role in the economic development of a state. Tax policy has not been effective in enhancing social development in terms of distributing social income or encouraging social desirably activities. The relationship between taxation and the economic development is perhaps not as obvious. A case can be made that tax policy has had a positive impact on the development of the state. Data for this study were collected through questionnaire on 45 respondents drawn from internal revenue service, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State. The researcher questions were raised and the hypothesis was tested through the use of correlation analysis. The result of the research study shows that taxations has a significant contribution on economic development of a state and citizens are liable taxes because there is nothing free.

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Taxation is an important tool to meet the needs of the people of resource producing state. It is a major national issue in most countries and is often problematic in its imposition, administration and usages. It’s nature contrast with its obvious benefits to society.

The introduction of taxation could be traced back to ancient days when kings levied their subject to provide for the benefit of the people.

In Nigeria, the imposition of tax is traced right from the colonial government when Lord Fredrick Lugard introduced tax to people in order to generate revenue to run his administration. It is reported that his policy of taxation was not accepted by the citizens and these subsequently led to riot in 1929.

Government, though its agent have come to play the larger role in controlling our national economy. She has to

Consider the aspect in which taxes helps in achieving her economic goals.

Taxation has been introduced to enable the government generate revenue to implement certain function for the citizens of the country. This functions of taxation in Nigeria include wealth redistribution, economic growth, employment generation, price stability and etc.

Taxation in ancient period and in present time has been used to bring improvement in finance of the country. The tax collected has been used as revenue to the government.

Also, taxation has helped to discourage the consumption of certain goods and service. It helped to bring government planning into implementation because it generate revenue, allow for investment in certain areas, like foreign goods and encourage agriculture and industries. Consequently, for some infant industries, there is a period of tax holiday which could last for five years to enable such industries or company nature

1.2 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Historically, internal revenue service was a department of ministry of Finance before the civil war in 1960. It was called as at then ”Revenue Department”, after the civil war in 1970, the name was changed to South Eastern State Board of Internal Revenue Service, according to South Eastern State Edict No.8 of 1969. The South Eastern State was changed to Cross River state Law Cap. 45. This gave birth to the state Board of Internal Revenue Services, the legal backing to administer personal income tax.

But on creation of Akwa Ibom State but in 1987, the State established its own Board of internal Revenue Service from the Cross River State Cap 45 as applicable here in. this law prevailed until the promulgation of personal income tax decree 104 of 1993 (Now Act 104, 1993). The functions were collection of pay As you Earn Tax (PAYA).

Direct Assessment Tax, collection of Tax example: pool betting, fines, registration and renewed of motor vehicle licenses, driver’s licenses, sales of badges and plate numbers, collection of other taxes and revenue that belongs to the State.

However, internal Revenue Service is the engine room, generating money for the Government of Akwa Ibom State. Its directorate work to make sure that all tax payers defaulters are prosecuted. Gives and stamp duties are general for state.

In the area of manpower, as at year 2008, the total staff strength was 850, which was not still enough, with recent developments in generation of funds for the state government.

Funds is needed because data collection, compilation and regression method of statistical analysis needs more fund to go and obtain for accurate and regular publication in which a standby vehicle is necessary to meet the current demands of taxation.

1.3 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The problem that prompt this research is that some of the tax payers do not know that taxation is a significant tool for economic development, and as such the tax payers tends to be evade and avoid taxes.

And so, this research intends to disclose the significant of paying taxes to answer the question of evasion which will allow for economic development.

1.4 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The objective of this study includes the following:

1. To determine the significance of taxation in an economy.

2. To assess the contribution of taxes towards the state economic growth and development.

3. To identify the problems (if any) associated with tax implementation and

4. To make recommendations based on research findings.

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following constitute the research questions for this study:

1. Does taxations play any significance role in economic development?

2. To what extent does the Government utilized revenue derived for the development of the economy?

3. What are the problems associated with tax collection in the country?

4. What steps has the Government taken to arrest the problems of tax evasion in the country?

1.6 STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS
Hi -taxation has significance contribution on economic development of a State.

Ho -taxation does not have any significance contribution on economic development of a State.

1.7 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study would be of value in the following ways:

1. It will be a source of reverence materials to subsequent researcher in this field.

2. It will enlighten the tax payers of the importance of the paying.

3. It will broaden the researcher’s scope on the theory of taxation.

4. The result of this research will help the aggrieved tax payer to know how his/her quota is being used.

5. The findings and recommendations of this study will assist the Board of Internal Revenue (BIR) in developing and improving upon their tax machineries and policies.

1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In the course of carrying out this research work, there were a lot of factors which acted in opposite directions towards the completion of this research work.

The following setbacks were encountered be the researcher:

1. Inaccessibility of relevant materials in the school library and other library.

2. Difficult in collecting Data.

3. Insufficient time for the research work as the result of short academic calendar.

4. Lack of sufficient fund in conducting the research process.

1.9 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study refers to the whole country because of logistics and financial constraint, the researcher therefore restrict her scope to Internal Revenue Service, Uyo, and despite other tools for economic development, for the purpose of this research the scope of this study is restricted to ”TAXATION”.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 67 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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