VERMICOMPOSTING OF ORGANIC WASTE

ABSTRACT 
Vermicomposting is an eco-friendly waste management strategy. Its successful performance necessitate that key functioning parameters like earthworm stocking density, nutrient enrichment be established for each target waste/waste mixture. This study was carried out to address the conversion of orgnic waste into nutritional compost. 

The most effective uses of earthworms are organic waste management and supplement of readily available plant nutrients and vermicompost demand as it maintains and improves soil health. In many countries have studied and being implemented from home worm bins to large scale. People around the world have make vermicomposting as business while other have make further research about earthworm and vermicomposting 

CHAPTER ONE 
INTRODUCTION 
• Background of Study 
Many people have a basic understanding on the composting process, few people understand its complexity. Yet the better people understand the composting process, the better the decision they can make for effective and efficient composting. Compost is a product derived from degradation process for breaking down plant and animal by microorganism into more friendly form suitable for soil benefits [1]. Typically composting reduces manure volume or a combination of plant and animal materials into a beneficial material under certain parameter such as aerated pile system, optimum temperature, amount of moisture and others. In a simple word, human control of the biological decomposition process what differentiates composting from natural decomposition of organic matters. In this proposal, author is interested in rapid conversion waste into nutritional vermicompost. 

Vermicompost is the excreta of earthworm, which are capable of improving soil health and nutrient status. Worms are used act as biological agents to consume those wastes and to deposit excreta in the process called vermicomposting. As simple biotechnological process of composting, certain species of earthworms used to increase the performance of waste conversion and produce a better product which differs from composting [3]. Through a type of biological alchemy, earthworm are capable of transforming garbage into gold. The result of earthworm castings or worm manure which are rich in microbial activity and plant growth regulators make vermicomposting faster than composting [2,3]. What makes vermicompost nutritional to the plant roots because the existence of enzymes like amylase, lipase, cellulose and chitinase which work to break down the organic matter in soil [4]. 

Bedding is required to provide a stable habitat for worm. They also requires conducive environment such as suitable moisture, aeration, temperature and pH. In hot compost method heat is very important aspect for fast composting as it reduces composting time and produce more yield. Therefore, the composting setup with the highest temperature generation within the system is highly desirable. 

• Problem Statement 
Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS (UTP) campus which currently have 400 hectares of build area and there are many trees planted around the campus. Given such set up cause UTP naturally to generate large amount bags of organic waste every day. Apparently, the method of handling this leaves is to dispose it off campus. The contractors will gathered the leaves daily before being picked up by another company of contractors to transport all the leaves to be disposed. This practice definitely cause a lot of cost and manpower. As an alternative by using the vermicomposting it will help to convert this organic waste into more beneficial nutrient fertilizer. Plus, from the study it shows that this method can make rapid conversion and helps 

• OBJECTIVES 
The objectives for this project are as following; 

• To study how much of organic waste can convert into nutritional compost via vermicomposting. 

• To determine is hot composting method enhance the vermicomposting of organic waste. 

• To study the C/N ratio, temperature, pH value and moisture content and nitrogen content of the compost. 

• To determine the feasibility of introducing vermicomposting method for daily UTP’s organic waste. 

• Scope Of Study 
The scope of study of vermicomposting system are; 

• This project focused on conversion of organic wastes into nutritional compost. 

• The scope of this work are limited only by using leaf waste as main waste to convert and only red worms type. 

• Study on important parameter that will be collect which are the pH value, temperature, moisture content, and nitrogen content. 

• This project to focused on small scale composting using aerated bin.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 40 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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