THE ROLE OF INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN PUPILS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE A CASE STUDY OF SOME SELECTED PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN IKPOBA OKHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EDO STATE

ABSTRACT 
This project work was undertaken to survey the role of instructional materials in pupil’s academic performance. In some selected primary school in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area, Edo State. to find solution to the problem which gave to undertaking the survey questionaire were raised to check the availability use and the attitude of teachers towards the instructional materials in teaching in the selected primary school in Ikpoba Okha Local Government Area of Edo State. From the findings, it was discovered that instructional materials in the teaching of subjects so as to enhance the promotion of learning among pupils towards improved yearly performance and daily use. 

CHAPTER ONE 
INTRODUCTION 
1.1 Background to The Study 
Research has proved beyond questions that learning is more effective when as many serve as possible are used and of all the serve sight is powerful. The need, therefore to present information to students visually as well as verbally is now generally accepted. In school today, emphasis is laid on qualitative and quantitative, curriculum contents techniques and methods of teaching of qualified teachers with great increase in the number of school as well as student’s enrolment is on increase, and the quality and quantity of teachers are needed to match this increase in enrolment of students and in this regard. 

Educational technology cannot be rules out as an instructional innovation. According to Broom and Thornton (1960) “The gradual shift towards the use of instructional materials in education has been encouraged by increased availability of effective appropriate and convenient materials, devices, machines and classroom facilities designed for improving instruction. Throughout history, media and technology for learning have influenced education. Recently, the computer has invaded instructional settings such tills offer powerful possibilities for improving the learning process. 

The use of instructional materials is necessary to supplement the available instructional resources and qualified teachers. The current use of instructional materials in Nigeria school is very low and unsatisfactory. The following are ways instructional materials can contribute to qualitative education. 

1. Instructional materials provides for the teacher’s tools to carryout creativity in the minds of the students. 

2. Instructional materials makes learning process to be easy 

3. It helps the teacher to be able to stimulate pupils to learn. 

1.2 Statement Of The Problem 
Statistics has shown that most of our primary school teachers no longer make use of instructional materials when teaching and this have a negative effect on the teaching and by extension having negative effect on the academic performance of the pupils. Some of these effects include, the pupils will not be able to concretize the lesson that is been taught, they are unable to visualize what the teacher is teaching because the pupils do not have a mental picture of what the teacher is passing across to them. This makes the students to easily forget what they have been taught in the school. without the use of instructional materials, learning becomes boring to the pupils and they can easily lost interest when there is nothing like instructional materials to motivate them to learn, so whatever the teacher is teaching them, they cannot assimilate it easily. Again, when instructional materials are not used when teaching, it makes the pupils to be passive, they don’t have the chance to participate in class activities. They mainly become passive listeners and this reduces their thinking ability and they are unable to reason out things on their own. Statistics has also shown that most primary schools lack these instructional materials in their schools and also they lack trained teachers who know how to use these materials. it is this lack of instructional materials in the teaching learning process that prompted the researcher to investigate the role of instructional materials and its effects on the performance of pupils in primary schools. 

1.3 Objectives of study 
General Objective 
The general objective of this study was to examine the role of instructional materials on pupil’s academic performance in nursery and primary schools 

Specific Objectives 
1. The study was guided by the following research objectives: 

2. To explore the views of teachers and pupils on the extent to which instructional facilities affect pupil performance. 

3. To examine the challenges that teachers in Primary School face in accessing instructional materials. 

4. Assess the strategies that teachers use to minimize the challenges of attaining and using quality instructional materials. 

1.4 Research questions 
1. What are the views of teachers and pupils on the extent to which instructional materials affect pupils’ performance? 

2. What are the challenges that teachers in Primary School face in accessing instructional materials? 

3. What are the strategies that teachers use to minimize the challenges of attaining and using quality instructional materials? 

1.5 Significance Of The Study 
The grindings of this research would be used for the following, firstly, the findings of this research work will be used to enlighten primary school teachers of the need to make use of audio materials in teaching and learning process. Secondly, the findings of this research work would be used to encourage the government and school management to provide instructional materials for primary school. Thirdly, the findings of the research study would be used to enlighten the school management of the need to enlighten the school management of the need to provide in-service training and learning process. Lastly, it would also prompt the government to organize seminars and workshops to teach teachers on the use of instructional materials. 

1.6 Scope Of The Study 
This research study will cover ten randomly selected primary schools in IkpobaOkha Local Government Area of Edo State. the result obtained however, from the analysis of data collected from this schools will be taken as a time representation and reflection of the prevailing condition in all the primary schools in IkpobaOkha Local Government Area in particular and Edo State in general. 

1.7 Definition Of Terms 
Performance: The act of doing something, either good or bad. 
Process: A series of things that are done in order to achi8eve a particular result. 
Concretize: To make something concrete. 
Respondents: A person who answer questions.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 45 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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