STUDENTS' GENDER, ATTITUDE, AND INTEREST AS DETERMINANTS OF STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SENIOR SECONDARY MATHEMATICS IN IKORODU LOCAL GOVERNMENT

ABSTRACT 
This study focused on students‟ academic interest, attitudes and gender on academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. The objectives of this study is to determine the relationship between academic interest and academic performance of the students, to determine the relationship between attitudes towards academic activities and academic performance of the students and to also determine the relationship between compliance to school rules and academic performance of the senior secondary school mathematics students.. The study is a survey research which is carried out inform of correlational design, the instruments used consist of both survey and test performance which were constructed by the researcher and are tested using test retest method, a reliability coefficient of alpha level of 0.703, 0.794 and 0.699 was found for academic interest, attitudes towards academic activities and compliance to school rules respectively. Some recommendations by the researcher include: Teachers should be committed to their work, establish good relationship with their students, they should be role models and demonstrate positive compliance; Parents should motivate their children to maintain positive academic interest, encourage their positive attitudes towards academic activities and compliance by paying attention to all their welfare issues such as school fees, books, feeding and being involved in their after school activities; Students should maintain their academic self- concept and improve their academic performance by striving to have good grades in their exams.

CHAPTER ONE 
INTRODUCTION 
Background to the Study 
Students in senior classes are mostly adolescents and tend to grow by being promoted from one class of the next, and so their academic interest increases. They begin to rediscover themselves more and more. Knowing the academic interest gives an opportunity for one to view himself in a unique way which probably differs from how others may perceive him. Knowing the self also helps us to build our image, ability and uniqueness. (Mcleod, 2013). The school may also develop students‟ academic interest which could influence their behaviuor and academic performance. 

Attitude generally has roles in molding the behavior of each individual student, because its mental or neutral state of readiness is organized through experience. It exerts a directive and dynamic influence upon the individuals response to all objects or situations with which it is related. Mukherjee (2002) indicated that from experience, individuals acquire cognition and feelings or attraction about things or situations of their environment and the readiness implies that it is a kind of pre dispositions to respond, and therefore it gets operational components as well. (Mukherjee, 2002). 

Attitudes are formed through conditioning. In a classical conditioning, when a new stimulus (the conditioning stimulus) is paired with a stimulus that already causes a certain reaction (the un conditioning stimulus) the new stimulus begins to cause a reaction similar to the one caused by the original stimulus. In another context, Operant conditioning is determined when we are praised, given approval or acceptance for expressing certain attitude, or are punished for expressing bad behavior, it then has a role to play in the behavior and performance of the student at school. (Kendra, 2013). 

Students may form or change their attitude through the process of identification, that is, seeing himself similar to another person or group and accepting the attitude of the person or group of persons. The academic attitude of a child is often a satisfactorily predictive of his performance in school. (Mukherjee 2002). 

Compliance to school rules and regulations is another factor that affect the students life in school. It involves altering the students‟ behaviour in order to comply to the behavioural guidelines established by the school. Thus, compliance to school rules help to adjust their behaviuor or thinking to bring it in line with some group standards, (Solomon in David, 2001). There are so many reasons why people comply to rules which may include the desire and need, to fit in, or to be accepted by others thereby maintaining order in one‟s life (David, 2001). 

Generally, School rules are established to maintain good morals and social order and to prevent bad peer group influence within the students. Students in the Secondary Schools are mostly adolescents, and their peers greatly influence their reasoning during this period. Reflecting the importance of social acceptance to young stars of this age, much have been written about how peer conformity can create problems for early adolescents and about how good children are often corrupted by the negative influence of peers. The view that peer groups are mostly a bad influence during this period is overly accepted. Pressures from peers to comply with misconduct increases in senior secondary schools. Therefore, school rules must be maintained to shape students behaviour within the school premises and the society as a whole. (Vaster, Haith, and Miller 1995). 

Accordingly, Academic academic interest, Attitudes towards academic activities and 

Compliance to school rules are part and parcel of both the male and female students lives in senior secondary schools. This study found out the possible relationship between these variables 

(Academic interest, Attitudes and compliance to school rules) and academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

Statement of the Problem 
Parents, teachers, administrators and the society in general have expressed concern over adolescents‟ academic interest, attitudes and compliance. Most of these adolescents are found in our senior secondary schools. Students at this level increasingly develop their academic interest by seeing themselves in a very specific and a unique way probably not the way others perceived them, some of them commonly give themselves nicknames and have an exaggerated feeling of wellbeing. The students also have different attitudes towards their believes and emotions which trigger them to respond to other people, objects or events at home or at school in a certain way. Despite their feelings of the self and their different types of attitudes towards things and situations, they also found themselves in a school setting where they must comply to school rules and behavioural guidelines as established by the school and breaking these rules may lead to severe punishment. The researcher observed these factors and became interested in finding the influence of Academic interest, Attitudes towards academic activities and compliance to school rules on Academic performance of Senior Secondary School mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

Objectives of the Study 
This research is carried out to find out the following objectives 

1. To determine the relationship between academic interest and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

2. To determine the relationship between attitudes towards academic activities and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

3. To determine the relationship between compliance to school rules and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

4. To determine the difference between male and females students academic interest in senior secondary schools in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

5. To determine the difference between male and females students attitudes towards academic activities in senior secondary schools in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

Research Questions 
For the purpose of this research, the following questions were raised: 

6. What is the relationship between academic interest and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state? 

7. What is the relationship between attitudes towards academic activities and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state? 

8. What is the relationship between compliance to school rules and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state? 

9. What is the difference between male and female academic interest of students in senior secondary schools in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state? 

10. What is the difference between male and female students attitudes towards academic activities in senior secondary schools in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state? 

Research Hypotheses 
For the purpose of this research, the following hypotheses were tested: 

1. There is no significant relationship between academic interest and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state 

2. There is no significant relationship between attitudes towards academic activities and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

3. There is no significant relationship between compliance to school rules and academic performance of senior secondary school mathematics students in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

4. There is no significant difference between male and female students academic self- concept in senior secondary schools in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. 

Significance of the Study
This study acquaints the researcher with the influence of academic interest, attitudes and compliance to school rules on academic performance of students in senior secondary schools in Ikorodu Local Government of Lagos state. It also enhances and improves quality education. In addition, the study is of great significance to school psychologist and counselors, government and policy makers, school administrators, teachers, parents, students and all stake holders in education as they strive to provide qualitative education to raise a better educational standard. 

School psychologist and counselors will find this work very significant because it will acquaint them with how these social psychological variables (Academic interest, attitudes and compliance) relates to the students‟ academic performance in schools. This will enable them to draw a cause of action and counseling. 

The study will be significant to Government in policy making. It will help the policy makers to make decisions that can be appropriate to Teaching/learning processes. The study will also help Government in making appropriate educational decisions that will ensure quality education at all levels and particularly the senior secondary schools. 

School administrators will find this study of great importance in planning school activities, implementing curriculum contents, monitoring and assisting general academic performance of students in senior secondary schools. 

This study will acquaints teachers with how these variables (Academic interest, attitudes and compliance to school rules) influenced students‟ performance and it will also help teachers to pay special attention to learners particularly on these social psychological variables and their relationship to students‟ learning. 

Parents will also benefit from the study by understanding their children more and to understand how they cope with these social psychological variables and their relationship to students learning in schools. It will also help them to provide necessary assistance for their children. 

For the students, the study will help them to understand how the variables (Academic interest, attitudes and compliance to school rules) influence their learning and it will help them to adjust their social behavior in the school. The study will also help students in the tertiary institutions to look at the gap this research might have leaving which will create a room for further studies. 

Scope and Delimitations of the Study 
This study covers the variables such as academic interest, attitudes towards academic activities and compliance to school rules and regulations, and to also see how these variables relate with the students‟ academic performance in senior secondary schools. The study used Government senior secondary school mathematics students including both male and females, taking its sample from senior secondary two students (ss 2). The location of the study includes all the

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 59 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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