A CONTRASTIVE ANALYSIS OF CONJUGATION OF ENGLISH AND IGBO VERBS

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to ascertain how verbs are formed in the two Languages. In-contact, namely; English and Languages were extensively compared and contrasted. Verb formation processes create teaching and learning problems for second Language Learners and this may be attributed to various factors. According to Anyadiegwu “a language learner may have the intralingual or interlingual problems in learning a second language and this could lead to errors”. In this study the researcher reviewed related literature on the topic. The researcher collected data from a population sample mainly secondary school teachers of the two languages. They were issued subjective. The researcher observed that word-formation processes in English and Igbo languages involve affixation, inflection, and derivation. However, the English language system of verb formation involves verbal ablaut and inflection. Verb of English language were analyzed pointing out their various formation processes which were contrasted with those of Igbo language. The Igbo verb formation processes like those of English language were also analyzed. The two languages whose verb formations were studied showed that there are similarities and differences existing in the formation of their verbs. The English and Igbo verb formation processes are similar only in the area ablaut (morpheme transformation) and shift in stress do not exist in Igbo Language. Several affixations and tonal patterns which characterize the Igbo verb formation process do exist in English language. Verb extension which is the additional of a letter in-between two or more root words does not as well apply to the English Language. The use of contrastive Analysis in this study has proved that there are divergences which create problems to teachers and learners of the two languages.


Chapter One
1.0       Introduction/Background of the Study
The importance of language in human society has attracted great scholarly attention. Various studies have been carried out with a view to determining the structure of language. Language is dynamic, this dynamic nature calls for constant and persistent research on the nature of every human language, especially the development processes involved in particular language.

However, there are many ramifications in these changes in language especially English Language which a learner of any language must master. For instance auditory habituation could handicap the effect of a second language learner, especially when the structure of the mother tongue (MT) has been internalized for a long period before learning the second languages.

Based on this assumption, it is necessary to analyze the similarities and differences between the learner’s mother tongue (MT) and the target language (TL) with a view to alleviating the problems in second language learning (SLL).

Research has shown that there are difficulties associated with learning a second language, because the inbuilt structure of the mother tongue influences learning of the second language. The structure of the first language, in many cases is at variance with the structure of the second language. This variance makes the learner transliterate this target language after the structure of the first. He transfers the accent of this first language (MT) to the pronunciation of the second language (TSL). In so doing, communicative competence is hindered, as the expected message not successful conveyed. Word-order pattern of the target language is distorted.

The major concern of this study is to make a” contrastive analysis of the word-formations of English and Igbo Verbs”. With reference to Affixation, Derivational,   Inflectional,     Verbal Ablaut and      verb Extension. centered on making a “contrastive analysis of the word-formations of English and Igbo Verbs”. In the areas of Affixation, Derivational, Inflectional, Verbal Ablaut and Verb Extension. Verb is defined as “the heart and life of a sentence which denotes action and deed” (Ifensor 22). Orji adds that “verbs of the English language are words which fit into an inflectional verbal paradigm (20). 

He further buttresses that: 
English verbs are divided into finite and non finite verbs. Finite verbs consist of lexical (main) verb and auxiliary verb. Lexical verb is made up of transitive and intransitive verbs. Auxiliary verb is divided into two, namely: primary and modal auxiliary. The non-finite verb is made up of infinitive, gerund and participle (21).

Lexical  verbs  are  content  words  which  can  be conjugated or made to undergo morphological contrasts of tense, person, aspect, mood, and number. Verbs conjugation or inflection reflect the aforementioned contrasts as used in speech and writing. Verb inflection or conjugation delineate time before now (past), time now (present), and time after now (future): it also appears in two forms in relating with the personal pronouns. Verbs matched with the persons take the bare infinitive form except the first person singular where the verbs take an ‘S’.
Apart from the above, there is the Igbo system of verb extension through interfix between two verbs. For instance, the Igbo language admit letters like ‘m’, ‘a’, and ‘r’ etc. to form verbal extension....

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 89 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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