THE PRACTICE OF HOSTEL SANITATION AND IT'S IMPACT ON STUDENT HEALTH IN THE UNIVERSITY OF JOS

ABSTRACT
The study examined the practice of hostel sanitation and its health impact on students. The study explored the knowledge, attitudes and practices of sanitation among hostel users at University of Jos in the College of education zuba. The study revealed that hostel users lack the requisite knowledge on good hygiene and improved hostel sanitation practices. As a result, they do not see the issue of improved sanitation as a current priority. They also failed to change their current lifestyles that seemed to worsen the sanitation situation. Besides, they do not seem accountable for keeping a clean school environment. There is, therefore, the urgent need to educate hostel users to have the necessary information that will enable them change their current bad attitudes for effective and efficient practices toward improved sanitation.  Measures must also be put in place by the Local Authority to provide basic waste collection bins to ensure clean school for good revenue generation. 

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1             BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:-
 World Health Organization defined sanitation as the means of collecting and disposing excreta and community liquids, waste in a hygienic way. So as not to endanger the health and welfare and also for the social and environmental effects, it may have on people; people have been suffering from one disease to another without knowing the problems of their illness, the situation and due to distress or dirty environment. Cleanliness is next to Godliness. Similarly, Iheke (2010) sees sanitation as the process of keeping places clean and hygienic especially by providing a sewage system and a clean water supply. Sanitation refers to all conditions that affects the health of people in a geographical area. Billions of people still live without access to sanitation facilities and are unable to practice such basic hygienic as washing their hands with soap and water.
There has been considerable awareness of water supply in institution, but the problems of excreta and waste disposal have receive less attention. In University of Jos , every where is littered with pure water polythene, pieces of papers and so on, without proper disposal. In order to focus attention of these problems. Sanitation exercise should be done daily to keep the environment clean by employing labourers that will help keep the school clean. Environments should be formulated in order to kill dangerous animals like snake, scorpion etc.
In school hostels, there are problems of over-crowding and these affects the health of the students in the hostel. More than 200 students share four (4) toilets. Mostly girls in hostel have inadequate sanitation facilities. With this premise, the researchers seek to find out the implication of hostel sanitation practices on students health in University of Jos . Inadequate sanitation and water in school jeopardize not only the students health but also their attendance. Girls in particular area likely to be kept out of school, if there is no sanitation. Seminars should be organized in institutions to help educate students more, especially girls in the hostel on menstrual hygiene, sanitation hygienic practices, cleanliness in the surroundings. To make everywhere conducive for teaching and learning, lack of skills and this have hindered the educational prospects of girls residing in the hostel. Flies petch on dirts, toilet etc and later petch on uncovered foods and all this are dangerous to human health.

1.2             STATEMENTS OF PROBLEM:-
Control of pests, waste disposal had become a problem in our environment because of poor hostel sanitation practices. Diseases related to poor sanitation and water availability causes many people to die of sickness like cholera, diarrhea, malaria, typhoid which damages the body tissues. However, it is not clear on the extent in which school management and student union government (SUG) have contributed in curbing poor hostel sanitation practices. The problem of this study is to find out the strategies which could be employ to provide facilities to students to reduce dirtiness.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY:-
The purpose of this study is to find out the implication of hostel sanitation practices on students health in University of Jos. Specifically this study was to:1 To examine the causes of poor hostel sanitation practices in school.
2 To examine the level of hostel sanitation practices in school.
3 To examine the effects of hostel sanitation practices on students health.
4 To examine the relationship between hostel sanitation practices and implication on students health.
5 To suggest strategies that could be employed to improve hostel sanitation practices in school.
6 To examine the extent in which the school management have contributed in providing facilities that will enhance hostel sanitation practices.

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The findings of this study will enable the students in University of Jos, to better understand and cultivate a clean environment because cleanliness is next to Godliness. The finding will help the following people:
The students to know the needs of hygiene or health practices, because cleanliness in next to Godliness and also enable to have a sound health, if sanitation is practiced by the students, sickness and diseases will be reduced.
To the school management: The findings will help the school management to provide adequate facilities that will enable the labourers to keep the environment clean and tidy, also provide fund for buying disinfectant and Antiseptic, and also paying the labourers.
Government:- The findings will help the government, to formulate a policies that will enable their follow students keep the environment clean and regulations on the school. Also they serve as a mediator between the management and the students.

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS:
In order to find answers to the objective of this study, the researchers formulated the following research questions.
1 what are the causes of poor hostel sanitation practices in school.
2 what is the level of hostel sanitation practices in school.
3 what is  the effects of hostel sanitation practices on students health.
4 what is the relationship between hostel sanitation practices and implication on students health.
5 what are strategies that could be employed to improve hostel sanitation practices in school.
6 what is the extent in which the school management have contributed in providing facilities that will enhance hostel sanitation practices.

1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study was delimited to determining the implication of sanitation practice in student’s health in schools especially those in hostel in University of Jos.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 101 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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