This study is taken to analyze bank fraud and how it is committed by internal bank staff, external parties or mixed parties, operating independently or in collusion with others. It examined the effects of fraud on banks and the entire financial system. Certain research methodology, research design and strategy were adopted for collection of primary and secondary data used in this research study. Data analysis and presentation was carried out using Simple percentages, Ordinary least square Regression analysis, and t-test distribution statistical analysis and table to test the validity of the formulated hypothesis. It was found that there is no significant relation between the size of fraud in bank branch; also revealed is that there is no significant relationship between the Size/Amount of fraud in a bank and the ‘ age’ of the banks in the banking sector. The conventional fraud prevention, detection and control techniques were found to be inadequate. It was revealed that the banking system has been exposed to fraudulent activities due to avarice and bad management in such a way that confidence in the industry is in danger of been eroded. The analysis of the types of fraud and forgeries perpetrated showed (hat the commonest types were, falsification, forgeries, embezzlement, suppression, theft, granting of illegal credits, and illegal withdrawals among others. Following the above, constructive recommendations were advanced and suggestion for further research studies on certain areas was made.

This project study is undertaken to critically evaluate frauds in Banking sector; types, causes Preventive and control measures. A case study of some selected banks in Enugu Metropolis. United Bank for Africa (UBA), First Bank of Nigeria, Union Bank Plc, Mainstreet Bank, will be undertaken.

Since the Research study is on fraud in banking sector, types, causes, preventive and control measures it will be worthwhile to start with bank and its origin in Nigeria, before delving into the subject matter proper.


Lord Paget (1966:12) defined a bank or banker as a “corporation or person (or group of persons) who accept money on current accounts, pay cheques drawn upon such accounts on demand and collect cheques for customers, that if such minimum services are afforded to all and sundry without restriction of any kind. The business is banking business, whether or not other business is under-taken at the same time” R.S Sayer (1979:1) in his own words defined banks as institutions whose debt usually referred to as bank deposits are commonly accepted in final settlement of other debts.

From the above, it could be inferred that before an institution is regarded as a bank, the principal aspect of its business must consists of receiving money for the credit of a current account, which the depositor could withdraw on demand by cheque.

In modern banking where banks have become financial supermarkets providing a wide variety of services, the above definition will certainly not be enough. Fortunately, this opinion appears to have received official support in Nigeria. In the Nigerian Banking Act of 1969, the term bank was interpreted as meaning “any person who carries on banking business”. Bank Amendment Decree No 3 of 1970 stated that bank business means “the business of receiving monies from outside sources as deposits irrespective of the payment of interest and the granting of money loans and acceptance of credits or the purchase of bills and cheques or the purchase and sale of securities for accounts of others or the incurring of obligation to acquire claims in respect of loans prior to their maturity or the assumption of guarantees and other transactions as the commissioner may, on the recommendation of the CBN, by order published in the Federal Gazette designate as banking business”.....

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Size: 134 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word   Delivery: Within 30Mins.


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