CHALLENGES OF IN LEARNING SCIENCE ORIENTED SUBJECTS AMONG STUDENTS OF GOVERNMENT GIRLS SECONDARY SCHOOL

ABSTRACT
This research work (study) was conducted to investigate and examine the challenges affecting the learning of science subject of student in girls senior secondary schools a case study of //Iseyin local Government Area. Four schools were randomly selected, eighty (80) female student participated on the research work and twenty (20) female student from each of the schools were selected. The research work brings to light the challenges affecting the learning of science subject of female student in science subject which depends on the teachers attitude towards the teaching of mathematic, Female student attitude towards the learning of science subject, Qualification, professionalism and teachers  strategies and finally the school environment and its degree of discipline

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background information
Education is widely recognized as a key to national development. An increase in access and quality of education, relatively to the national population is critical to socio-economic growth and productivity, health development, enhanced democracy, good governance and good leadership, increase individual earning and subsequently reduced income inequalities, and the reduction of poverty ( Hosea, 2003).
Discussion of Asia and the Pacific as a region is problematic, given the wide variation in levels of economic development, overall level of education enrollment and gender parity in admission of girls to science subjects. South Asia is clearly the sub-region with the poorest performance, with the exception of Srilanka and the Maldives were the situation is average maintained. East Asia fares best,withTaiwan,Korea, Hong Kong,and Singapore reaching levels of education on a par with western industrialized market economies.
There is adequate evidence that educating a woman is beneficial at national, community and individual levels. With even a basic education, individual women effectively engage in economic activities and thus contribute to greater national productivity. Summer (1997) cement that, investment in girls education may well be the highest return on investment available in developing the community and the world in large (p. 26)
Performance of girls in science subjects in Nigeria schools has been a persisting challenge. It generally agreed that in the current knowledge economy society, science technology and innovation plays a major role toward the achievement of the millennium goals in achieving universal primary education. Several challenges contributed to moderate participation and performance of girls and women in science and technology, lack of motivation in learning science subjects, absence of competent and committed teachers who will guide students practically, and un friendful teaching and learning environment. It therefore agreed that achievement of gender parity in science should rely on an appropriate mix of strategies based on lesson learned from best practices and experience at national regional and international levels (Githui, 2009)
 The results for the 2011 Nigeria certificates of education (NCE) examination indicates that science subjects continue to harvest un desirable performance compared to arts. According to Mathew (2012)  claim that nearly quarter of the candidates did not pass chemistry and biology. He observed that while marking the examination evidence pointed to candidates failure to finish subjects syllabus and lack of practical knowledge for scientific experiments ( p. 39)
 Since the attainment of political independence in 1961, the government of Nigeria has placed emphasis on the role of education and science  in socio-economic and political development. Both the Nigeria constitution and international organs like UNESCO has campaign on outlaw discrimination on the basis of gender and activated on social justice and equal opportunities with regard to education (Sarah ,1999)

1.2 Statement of the Problem
The need to learn Mathematics and Science subjects in today science- oriented, computerized world for the purpose of comprehend the eras of technology is totally inevitable. Rapid growth, new development and technology have made the acquisition of new and substantial information in skills in order to increase the ability to adapt to the changing condition of life, understand the eras technology and scientific knowledge imperative for all. Along these lines, some subjects such as mathematics, Physics, chemistry and biology demand greater attention and investment in society education plans. This especially true in the world today which become more computer and science oriented by hour. Considering their fundamental nature and their influence in the growth and development of thought, strengthening the foundation of research, science is of great importance. This is presently why mathematics is practically the only subjects which are taught in every school around the world.  Unfortunately, despite absorbing a wealth of human and financial capital from the society, family and the government, science proves to be the most problematic subjects.
Girls in this regard, display greater difficulties of mastering science subjects in different levels. In many developing countries and even in most parts of industrialized world, girls show a lower level of performance than boys and associate negative connotation to sciences subjects in general.  Therefore this study sought to find out the challenges that influences girls learning of sciences subjects particularly in secondary schools.

1.3 Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study will be investigating the challenges that influence girls learning of science subjects in secondary schools and asses the strategies which would be used to improve girls performance in their examination

           

RESEARCH QUESTIONS

To facilitate the study, attempts are made in providing answers to the following questions:
-                                               Does      attitude       of     the      teacher       towards       the      teaching       of science subject affect female student‟ academic performance?
-                                               Does attitude of student towards the learning of science subject affects their learning of science subjects?
-                                               Does      teacher‟s      qualification,       professionalism        and     teachers strategy affects the student academic performance?
-                                               Does the school environment and the degree of discipline affect the academic performance of female student?

1.6 Significance of the study
The findings of this study will add the existing body of knowledge about students’ abilities in practical aspects of science subjects at the National examination council in our country         (NECO). Using this knowledge, stakeholders and especially teachers of sciences subjects may understand better on how boys and girls differ in their performance of practical skills. This will enable them to devise techniques that may maximize the benefits of training in practical skills for both boys and girls. Also by using the findings of this study, the school managements and others education partners will develop a mentorship programs that will motivate and encourage students and especially girls to take up sciences subjects and eradicate the notion that technology is a male field.

1.7 Scope of the Study
The study will be conducted in Enugu metopolis by selecting two secondary schools that will be as a map road for the successful collection of the required data for this study..

1.8 Limitation of the study
This research work will not be a success without limitation, The researcher predict that she might face some challenges during data collection in the selected field. Among of these challenges will be shortage of fund, language barrier, hesitance by some of the respondents and limited time of conducting this study. Apart from these challenges the researcher believe that she will collect  data for this study in a successful way by being active and encourages the targeted respondent to give her a positive corporation.

1.9 Definition of the Keys terms
Science subjects, these are subjects that are parts of the curriculum and constitute part of the core and compulsory subjects. These science subjects in secondary schools include Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Physics and computer.
Secondary schools, is the term used to describe an educational institution that intermingle primary education and college or university education. It follows elementary or primary education and may be followed by university (tertiary) education.
Performance is the ability to do something that can be good or bad, high or low or average. For example, the performance of girls in chemistry test can indicate academic abilities among girls in secondary schools.
Stakeholders are the persons or company that works as a system toward achieving common goals, especially because they have invested money in the company or project.
Student, is a person who is enrolled in a given school, college or university for the purpose of learning something.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 54 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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