SOCIO - ECONOMIC STATUS AND CHILDREN’S EDUCATIONAL LIFE CHANCES: A STUDY OF PEASANT FARMERS IN BASAWA AND BOMO DISTRICTS OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT
This study investigates the relationship between socio-economic status and children’s educational life chances using the peasant farmers of Basawa and Bomo districts of Sabon Gari Local Government Area of Kaduna State as a case study. The study was embarked upon to find out the impact of socio-economic status on children’s educational life chances. Some of the problems of the study area stated in this work are; children’s low school enrolment due to their parents’ low socio-economic status, children’s educational achievement depending on parents’ education, and effects of gender on children’s education. The population of the study are teachers and students in SS1 in Basawa and Bomo districts and target population of 264 students and 48 teachers were sampled. The study which is a correlational study used both quantitative and qualitative instruments such as: self-designed questionnaire, unstructured interview schedule, anecdotal records, and observation. Some of the findings of the study are: children’s school enrollment is determined by parents’ socio-economic status and children’s educational life chances depends on parents’ socio-economic status. Some of the recommendations made in reference to the findings of the study were: Universal Basic Education should implement free education scheme effectively especially in rural areas and urban centres. Teachers should also be supervised concurrently in their service of teaching in schools on how to relate to students without passing biased judgments.


TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF TABLES
ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
1.2       Statement of the Problem
1.3       Research Questions
1.4       Aims and Objectives of the Study
1.6       Significance of the Study
1.7       Scope and Delimitation of the Study

CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Conceptual Framework
2.2.1    Socio-economic Status
2.2.2    Social Stratification
2.2.3    Educational Life Chances
2.3       Theoretical Framework
2.3.1    Karl Marx (1818-1883) Class Theory
2.3.2 Marx Weber (1864-1920) Three – Component Theory of Stratification
2.3.3    Max Weber (1964-1920) Life chances
2.3.4    Pierre Bourdieu (1930-2002) Cultural Reproduction and Cultural Capital
2.4       Socio-Economic Status
2.4.1 Income
2.4.2.   Education
2.4.3    Occupation
2.5       Educational Life Chances
2.5.1    Social Class
2.5.2    Gender
2.5.3    Rural-Urban Inequality and Education Life Chances
2.5.4    Parent’s Education and Educational Life Chances
2.6       Effects of Socio-Economic Status on Child’s Educational Life Chances
2.7       Review of Related Empirical Studies
2.8       Summary and Uniqueness of the Study

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Research Design
3.3       Population of the Study
3.4       Sampling Procedure
3.5       Research Instruments
3.5.1a Validity of the Socio-Economic Status Questionnaire
3.5.1b Reliability of the Parental Status Questionnaire
3.5.2a Validity of Unstructured Interview
3.5.2b Reliability of the Unstructured Interview
3.5.3a Validity of Observation Schedule and Anecdotal Records
3.5.3b. Reliability of Observation Schedule and Anecdotal Records
3.6.      Method of Data Collection
3.7       Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Analysis of Qualitative Data
4.3       Presentation and Analysis of Quantitative Data
4.4       Summary of major findings
4.5       Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Summary of the study
5.3       Conclusion
5.4       Recommendations
5.5       Implications of the study to Sociologists of Education
5.6       Suggestions for further research
REFERENCES
APPENDICES

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1         Background to the Study
Education is one of the most enduring legacies which a nation can bequeath to

her succeeding generations. This is because education serves as an illumination through

which people see the path to solving their problems. Education generally is accepted as

a vital asset for social mobility, economic mobility, and a societal transformation factor,

for both personal and national levels. Mahuta (2007) views formal education as the type

of education that is taught in schools which is planned and organized with aims and

goals that are intended to be achieved. According to Swift (1996), as cited in Mahuta

(2007), education is the way the individual acquires the physical, moral and social

capacities demanded of him by the group into which he is born and within which he

must function. Emile Durkheim (1858-1917), as cited in Mahuta (2007), sees education

as, the influence exercised by adult generations on the younger ones that are not yet

ready for social life. It can therefore be said that education arouses and develops in an

individual certain number of physical, intellectual and moral skills which are demanded

of him by both the political society as a whole and his social environment in which he

or she lives.

Emile Durkheim as quoted in Haralambos & Heald (1980) maintains that;

Society can survive only if there exists among its members a sufficient degree of homogeneity; education perpetuates and reinforces this homogeneity by fixing in the child from the beginning the essential similarities which collective life demands. Durkheim argues that to become attached to the society, the child must feel in it something that is real, alive and powerful, which dominates the person and to which he also owes the best part of himself. (p 173)

Education  is  a  sound  investment  that  is  expected  to  enhance  the  economic
growth of individuals which implies that education is a strong factor of social mobility.
This means that education has the ability to influence a person’s future socio-economic status in the society. That is to say, a person who has attained higher level of education is likely to have higher chances of getting a good job which in return determines an individual’s social class in a society. Socio-economic status is a sociological and economical combined total measure of an individual or family’s economic and social position in relation to others, based on income, education and occupation. Socio-economic status is typically broken into three categories; high socio-economic status, middle class socio-economic status, and low socio-economic status to describe the three classes a family or an individual may fall into. When placing a family or individual into one of these categories any or all of the three....

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Item Type: Postgraduate Material  |  Attribute: 95 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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