This study is an in-depth research on the problems that are facing students in the conduct of physics practical. The research adopted a descriptive survey research design, the population of the study constitutes of about (1413) student, and ( 20) teachers, out of which only (306) students, and (15) teachers were randomly selected as the sample. During the course of the study, a lot of problems have been discovered, which were: problem in identifying physics apparatuses, setting the apparatuses, making observations, taking readings, plotting of graph, lack of standard physics laboratory, inadequate laboratory apparatuses, lack of supervision, and lack of appropriate time allocation to physics practical among others. The recommendations made after this study include provision of a standard physics laboratory, and provision of adequate laboratory equipments among others.

Title Page
Table of contents

Chapter One: Introduction
1.1       Background of the Study
1.2       Statement of the problem
1.3       Objectives of the Study
1.4       Research Questions
1.5       Research Hypotheses
1.6       Significance of the Study
1.7       Scope and Delimitation
1.8       Operational Definition of Terms
1.9       Basic Assumptions

Chapter Two: Review of Related Literature
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Concept of Physics Practical
2.3       Importance of Practical Work in Physics
2.4       Laboratory Activities, Experiments and demonstrations in Physics
2.4.1    Laboratory Experiment in Physics
2.4.2    Demonstration in Physics Practical
2.5       Other Related Method
2.5.1    Field trip
2.5.2    Project Method in Physics
2.6       Summary

Chapter Three: Research Methodology
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Research Design
3.3       Population of the study
3.4       Sample and Sampling Technique
3.5       Instrumentation
3.5.1    Validity of the Instrument
3.5.2    Pilot Study
3.5.3    Reliability of the Instrument
3.6       Procedure for Data Collection
3.7       Procedure for Data Analysis

Chapter Four: Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Data presentation and Analysis
4.3       Discussion of the Result

Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Summary
5.3       Conclusions
5.4       Recommendations
5.5       Contribution to knowledge
5.6       Suggestion for further Studies



1.1              Background of the Study

Today we are living in the age of science and technology. Scientific inventions and discoveries have revolutionalised our lives. Science is nothing but knowledge so obtained by observations, readings, experimentation and realization.

Science subjects constitute a major part of the subjects being offered in most post primary institutions in Nigeria today. These subjects are so important that the Federal government National Policy on Education (2004) in specific terms states that “the secondary school Education shall provide trained manpower in the applied sciences and technology’’.

The importance attached to science by the Federal government could be due to the general belief that science is capable of improving and changing skills, attitudes, and cognition by increasing pupil’s store of knowledge about themselves, their environment and their world. The development of any nation which depends on science and technology, hinges on science Education, science has been viewed as an instrument that can aid development in many countries. It plays important and dominant roles in spear heading technological advancements, promoting national wealth, improving health, and accelerating industrialization (Validya, 2003).

Physics as one of the science subjects is basic for understanding the complexities of modern technology and essential for technological advancement of a nation. This aspect of science is making significant contributions to many of the inventions that are shaping modern day, and has helped to explain many of the events being encountered in everyday life. Physics is one of the pre-requisite subjects for the study of engineering technological, medical and other applied science courses, in the University. Physics provide training for a vast range of carriers where it is either employed directly or where the skills developed can be applied in innovative ways in other fields. Despite its importance, physics remain the least favored science subject among students generally, only a few students choose to study physics at O. Level and subsequently at higher degree. Students performs poorly in physics, lack of practical work may be an important reason for students for poor content knowledge and understanding of physics at secondary school level in Nigeria (Millar, 2004).

There is a serious shortage of students and teachers of physics in Nigerian secondary schools, this is generating concern among science educators, and researchers are increasingly exploring why students avoid the subject, over the years student of physics in secondary school have found it extremely difficult to perform well in the subject (Nelkon & Ogbon, 1988).

Studies have been carried out to find out the cause of such poor performance. Poor performance of students in physics could be linked to students practical ability (Olabanji....

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Size: 59 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.


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