For more Pure & Industrial Chemistry projects click here


Attempt was made to determine the nutritional and anti nutritional composition of Wild melon (C. ecirrhosus ) popularly known as “Gunar shanu in Hausa land, using suitable methods of analyses. The results for proximate analyses (% DW) showed a composition of 3.73 ± moisture, 2.12 ± 0.08 ash content, 26.36 ± 0.10 crude protein, 50.67 ± crude lipid, 2.17 ± 0.29 crude fibre, 18.69 ± 0.82 carbohydrate and energy value of 601.7 ± 8.75 Kcal/ 100g. Amino acids determination revealed a profile containing essential amino acids for adults, but leucine, lysine, and threonine are below the requirement value for children. The oil was found to composed of a combination of high concentration (67.3%) of unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid C:18.2) and oleic C:18.1), and low concentration (36.6%) of saturated fatty acids (stearic acid C: 18.0 and palmitic acid C:16.0). This arrangement gave the oil good properties suitable for industrial and domestic activities. High concentration of nitrate (151666±7637), phytate (136.04±1.54) and saponin (18.65

±    0.2mg/100gDW) were recorded in the seed, this is notwithstanding because boiling reduce their effect to a minimum. The overall result implies that seed of the wild melon possessed the potential to be used as a source of nutrition.


Title page
Table of Contents
List of Tables
List of Figures
List of Plates

1.1       Introduction
1.2       Justification
1.3       Literature Review
1.3.1 Botany of the Plant
1.4       Proximate Analysis
1.4 .1 Moisture
1.4.2 Ash
1.4.3 Crude lipid
1.4.4 Carbohydrate
1.5       Amino acids
1.6       Minerals
1.6.1 Sodium
1.6.2 Magnesium
1.6.3 Zinc
1.6.4 Copper
1.6.5 Iron
1.6.6 Sulphur
1.6.7 Iodine
1.6.8 Calcium
1.6.9 Phosphorus
1.6.9(b) Chromium
1.7       Antinutritional Factors
1.7.1 Phytate
1.7.2 Nitrate
1.7.3 Oxalic acid
1.7.4 Hydrocyanic acid
1.7.5 Saponin
1.7.6 Tannin
1.8       Aim and Objectives

Chapter Two
Materials and Methods
2.1 Materials
2.1.1    Sample Collection
2.1.2    Sample Treatment
2.1.3    Apparatus/Glass wares used
2.1.4    Reagent Used
2.1.5    Preparation of reagent
2.2       Methods
2.2.1    Proximate Analysis Determination of Moisture Content Determination of Ash Content Determination of Crude Protein          Procedure for the determination of Crude protein Determination of Crude Lipid Determination of Crude Fibre Estimation of Available Carbohydrate Determination of Energy Value
2.2.2    Minerals Analysis Sample Digestion Analysis of the Metals Using AAS Analysis of Sodium and Potassium Using AES Analysis of Phosphorus
2.2.3    Analysis of Amino acids
2.2.4    Analysis of Fatty acids
2.2.5    Analysis of Anti nutritional Factors Determination of Phytate          Procedure for the determination of Phytate Determination of Total Oxalate for the Determination of Oxalate Determination of Tannins Procedure for the Determination of Tannins   Determination of Hydrocyanic acids          Procedure for the determination of Hydrocyanic acid Determination of Nitrate
2.2.6    Nutrient Density
2.2.7    Characterisation of the Seed’s Oil Determination of Saponification Value Determination of the Acid Value Determination of the Peroxide Value Determination of the Iodine Value Statistical Analysis

3.1.0    Results
3.2.0    Discussion
3.2.1    Proximate Analysis
3.2.2    Minerals Analysis
3.2.3    Nutrient Density
3.2.4    Anti Nutritional Analysis and Predicted Minerals Bioavailability
3.2.5    Amino acids
3.2.6    Fatty acids
3.2.7    Chemical Analysis of the Oil

4.1       Conclusion

4.2       Recommendation



1.1        Introduction

Food is no doubt the most basic necessity for one to effectively function in his own ecosystem. It is a substance that often composed of carbohydrate, fats, protein and water which are eaten or drunk by animals or humans for nutrition (Aguilera and David, 1999). The constituent in food contains important chemical substances known as nutrients. These are ingested, digested, absorbed, and circulated in the blood streams to feed the cells which constitute the body building blocks and consequently, the increase in body resistance to diseases and faster recovery of illnesses is witnessed (Shiels et al., 2005; Worthington – Roberts, 2008).
Most of the food consume by humans are sourced from plants and animals, the former has been grouped into; leafy vegetables, seeds, tubers and fruits (Oyiza, 2005). There are over 30,000 known edible plants, from which only 300 were domesticated and more than 95% of the required human plant food were obtained (Tabuti et al., 2004).

This is not surprising because the utilization of plant as part of the human diet can be traced back to the emergence of the first man on earth; Adam and Eve and forbidden Fruits or Apple (Onibun et al., 2007). The part of the plant responsible for bearing of seeds is known as Fruit, and is considered a healthy food supplement because it composed of an appreciable amount water, carbohydrate, proteins, lipids, vitamins and minerals; Ca, Mg, K, Zn and Fe (Wenkam, 1990 and Umar, 2010). Also, the Leafy vegetables are rich in proteins and were rated high in amino acids profile (Itanna, 2002; Kala and Prakash, 2004; Gupta et al., 2005; Ogbadoyi et al., 2006; Kala and Prakash, 2006). Moreover, in the stem bark and the roots presents Phyto chemicals with chemotherapeutic benefits (Umar, 2005). However, despite the nutritional benefits ascribed to different parts of the plant, anti nutritional factors which blocked the bioavailability of some mineral elements and change the nutritional status of the food are also present (Ewaida, 1993; Lo – voi et al., 1995).

Meanwhile, the realization of the significance of plants in furnishing the basic nutrients necessary for healthy growth of an individual has prompted the world researchers into the investigation of the nutritional status of various plants with the aim of introducing more plant food required to control the alarming food shortage in the Human nutrition (Al – Sahib and....

For more Pure & Industrial Chemistry projects click here
This is a Postgraduate Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


Kindly pay/transfer a total sum of N3,000 into any of our Bank Accounts listed below:
·         Diamond Bank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0096144450

·         GTBank Account:
A/C Name:      Haastrup Francis
A/C No.:         0029938679

After payment, send your desired Project Topic, Depositor’s Name, and your Active E-Mail Address to which the material would be sent for downloading (you can request for a downloading link if you don’t have an active email address) to +2348074521866 or +2348066484965. You can as well give us a direct phone call if you wish to. Projects materials are sent in Microsoft format to your mail within 30 Minutes once payment is confirmed. 

N/B:    By ordering for our material means you have read and accepted our Terms and Conditions

Terms of Use: This is an academic paper. Students should NOT copy our materials word to word, as we DO NOT encourage Plagiarism. Only use as guide in developing your original research work.

Delivery Assurance
We are trustworthy and can never SCAM you. Our success story is based on the love and fear for God plus constant referrals from our clients who have benefited from our site. We deliver project materials to your Email address within 15-30 Minutes depending on how fast your payment is acknowledged by us.

Quality Assurance
All research projects, Research Term Papers and Essays on this site are well researched, supervised and approved by lecturers who are intellectuals in their various fields of study.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.

Search for your topic here

See full list of Project Topics under your Department Here!

Featured Post

Article: How to Write a Research Proposal

Most students and beginning researchers do not fully understand what a research proposal means, nor do they understand ...

Popular Posts