This study aimed at investigating the influx of unqualified teachers in teaching Biology in secondary school in Sokoto metropolis. With the view of finding solutions to improve the situation at stake.Criteria used in selecting the schools were random selection technique in whichfive schools were selected from each of the two (2) local government areas of the Sokoto metropolis, namely (Sokoto North and Sokoto South respectively), as a sample for this research. Questionnaire was used as an instrument for the collection of data with three different questions for schools principals’, teachers and students’. All together twenty (20) teachers, five (5) principals and two hundred and one (201) students were involved in the study.Analysis of the data collected revealed that; there is an acute shortage of professionally trained teachers and lack of adequate supply of equipment and teaching facilities hampers the teaching and learning of the subject.On the basis of the findings, it was recommended that; government should assists faculties and departments of education in the universities and colleges of education for the free - service, in-service and training of teachers for the benefit of the schools, also the student in the faculties and departments of education in the schools should be assisted by the government and encourage others to study education and also government should recruits professional trained educational graduate teachers and equal postings should be provided to schools in the urban and rural areas for the development of education in the state


Title page
Table of content

Chapter One: Introduction
1.1       Background of the Study
1.2       Statement of the Problem
1.3       Objectives of the Study
1.4       Research Questions
1.5       Research Hypotheses
1.6       Significance of the Study
1.7       Scope and Delimitation of the Study
1.8       Operational Definition of Terms
1.9       Basic Assumptions

Chapter Two: Review of Related Literature
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Teaching Biology in Nigerian Secondary Schools
2.3       Problems of Teaching Biology in Sokoto State Secondary Schools
2.4       Shortage of Qualified Teachers and Inadequate Teaching Facilities
2.5       Unqualified Teacher’s Influx and its impact on Academic Performance of the Students
2.6       Teachers and Students Attitudes toward Teaching and Learning Biology
2.7       Summary of the Reviewed Literature

Chapter Three: Research Methodology
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Research Design
3.3       Population of the Study
3.4       Sample and Sampling Techniques
3.5       Instrumentation
3.5.1    Validity of the Instrument
3.5.2   Pilot Study
3.5.3    Reliability of the Instrument
3.6       Procedure for Data Collection
3.7       Procedure for Data Analysis

Chapter Four: Data Presentation and Analysis
4.1       Analysis of Principals’ Questionnaire
4.2       Analysis of Teachers’ Questionnaires
4.3       Analysis of the Students’ Questionnaires

Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Summary of the Major Findings
5.3       Limitation of the Study
5.4       Conclusion
5.5       Suggestions for Further Study
5.6       Recommendations



1.1       Background of the Study

The recent claim by the Universal Basic Education Commission (UBEC) that 80% percent of teachers employed in Sokoto state public schools lacked teaching qualification provided a further insight into the profound nature of the crisis commonly confronting our educational sector.

The aim of education is to provide knowledge that will integrate individuals and move them into more meaningful individuals in the society capable of solving their problems. Qualified teachers have been seen as an effective instrument towards achieving this effective teaching. It is pertinent to mention here that ineffective and poor teaching of biology as an important key science subject in the school curriculum has continue to cause some havoc by shattering the hope and aspiration of some students, especially the ambitious ones.

According to the National Policy on Education (2004) demands that, the minimum acceptable qualification for teaching should be the National Certificate of Education (NCE). Up from the previous minimum of teachers certificate (Grade II), University graduates in disciplines other than education intending to make career out of teaching are required to obtain a Post-graduate Diploma in Education (PGDE).

The knowledge of biology as a science teaching subject taught in secondary schools require students to give the basic foundation and enquiry which enable them to know the science of their immediate environment in relation to plants, animals, agricultural activities, sanitation and ecology, as well as to pursue it as a career in the fields of teaching and health services. It is therefore against this background that this study is intended to look at how.... 

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Size: 73 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.


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