MISUSE OF POWER IN CHINUA ACHEBE’S ANTHILL OF THE SAVANNAH AND CHIMAMMANDA ADICHIE’S PURPLE HIBISCUS

ABSTRACT
Over the ages, some persons or group of persons are known to misuse power to bully their subjects or subordinates. This unwholesome act gives rise to many literary works condemning the act. This work considers the misuse of power as portrayed by the novels Anthills of the Savannah and purple Hibiscus by Chinua Achebe and Chimmamanda Adichie respectively.  Achebe in his novel shows the danger of pursuing power for power's sake and also the impact of a dictator on a populace - the people of Kangan only suffer from Sam's leadership. He represents the archetypal corrupted Nigerian leaders. Eugene Achike in purple Hibiscus is another character who abuses his patriarchal power over his family. Eugene is both a religious zealot and a violent figure in the Achike household, subjecting his wife Beatrice, Kambili and her brother Jaja to beatings and psychological cruelty. This work therefore condemns in strong terms the brutality and disregard for human existence that exist in our contemporary society. People placed in authority must exercise their powers in accordance with the societal norms. There must be mutual respect and understanding in the families for a stable society.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page
Table of contents
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
GENERALINTRODUCTION
1.0    Background to the study
1.1   Statement of the problem
1.2       Scope and limitation of the study
1.3       Purpose of the study
1.4       Significance of the study
1.5   Methodology and research design

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0       Literature review on Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah
2.0     Literature review on Chimamanda Adichie's purple hibiscus
2.1       Theoretical framework

CHAPTER THREE
TEXTUAL ANALYSIS
3.0   Introduction
3.1       Misuse of power in Achebe’s Anthills of the Savannah
3.2       Misuse of Power in Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus

CHAPTER FOUR
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENTION
4.0   Summary
4.1   Conclusion

4.2   Recommendation


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.0     BACK GROUND OF THE STUDY
According to Webster Comprehensive Dictionary, Literature is “the written work or production of the human mind collectively”.Oguche A.G defines literature as “a written work which deals with the themes of permanent and universal interests characterized by creativeness and grace of expression as poetry, fiction, essay, drama etc” (1). Literature is also viewed as a writing that pre-eminently reflects on and qualifies some aspects of human experiences, illuminating it from the perspective of scientific and intelligent observers.
There are two forms of Literature- written literature and oral literature. This work will dwell essentially on the written form of literature as it considers two literary works: Anthills of the Savannah by Chinua Achebe; Purple Hibiscus by Chimamanda Adichie. The work seeks to trace how the two authors under review portray the misuse of power by people in the society.
According to Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, Power is the ability to control people or things. Power also means the right or authority of a person or group to do something. Over the ages, some persons or group of persons are known to misuse power to bully their subjects or subordinates. This unwholesome act gives rise to many literary works condemning the act.
Anthills of the Savannah is a 1987 novel by a Nigerian writer, Chinua Achebe. It was his fifth novel, first published in the UK 21 years after Achebe's previous one (A Man of the People in 1966), and was credited with having revived his reputation in Britain. A finalist for the 1987 Booker Prize for Fiction, Anthills of the Savannah has been described as the most important novel to come out of Africa in the 1980’s.
Anthills of the Savannah takes place in the imaginary West African country of Kangan, where a Sandhurst-trained officer, identified only as Sam and known as "His Excellency", has taken power following a military coup. Achebe describes the political situation through the experiences of three friends: Chris Oriko, the government's Commissioner for Information; Beatrice Okoh, an official in the Ministry of Finance and girlfriend of Chris; and Ikem Osodi, a newspaper editor critical of the regime. Other characters include Elewa, Ikem's girlfriend and Major "Samsonite"Ossai, a military official known for stapling hands with a Samsonite stapler. Tensions escalate through the novel, culminating in the assassination of Ikem by the regime, the toppling and death of Sam and finally the murder of Chris. The book ends with a non-traditional naming ceremony for Elewa and Ikem's month-old daughter, organized by Beatrice.

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 57 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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