TECHNOLOGICAL MEASUREMENT IN THE MINING INDUSTRY IN RELATION TO ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY MINING

ABSTRACT
The purpose of this thesis is to discuss in detail the significance of technology trends to the mining industry. Technological measurement in the mining industry in relation to environmentally friendly mining is examined. The main research question seeks to find out how technologies have transformed the face of the environment and future potentials.

The methodology employed in the study, scope and the importance of the research are discussed. The present study has attempted to prove that newer technologies have transformed the face of the environment in relation to green mining and future potentials in the mining industry.

Recommendation for improvement and adoption by mining industry and technology developers, and recommendation for future research in the subject of study have been given.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

1 INTRODUCTION
1 1.1 Background

2.         LITERATURE REVIEW: MESUREMENT TECHNOLOGY IN MINING
            2.1 HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE MINING INDUSTRY
            2.2 THE MEASUREMENTS IN MINING: THE CURRENT LEVEL OF TECHNOLOGY
            2.2.1 Level Measurements
            2.2.2 Flow measurements
            2.2.3 Toxic and flammable substance/emissions measurements
            2.3 IMPLICATIONS OF THE TECHNOLOGY IN THE MINING INDUSTRY:
            ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND THE NEED FOR GREEN MINING
            2.4 BARRIERS TO EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION IN THE MINING
INDUSTRY: Green Mining
            2.5 THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK: TECHNOLOGICAL TREND ANALYSIS

3 STUDY METHODOLOGY: MARKET RESEARCH PROCESS
            3.1 SOURCES OF DATA:
            3.2 DATA ANALYSIS

4.  4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
            4.1 China
            4.2 South Africa
            4.3 Zimbabwe
            4.4 Technological Trends Analysis by Countries (China, South Africa and Zimbabwe)
            4.5 Finland

5.         5 DISCUSSION

6.         CONCLUSION

7.         7 RECOMMENDATIONS
            7.1 RECOMMENDATION FOR IMPROVEMENTS
7.2 RECOMMENDATION FOR FUTURE RESEARCH
8.  SOURCES
APPENDICES


1  INTRODUCTION
Mining refers to the removal of precious minerals and other geological resources from the earth crust. Resources gotten from the mining comprise of precious metals, base metals, coal, uranium, and diamonds among others. Mining tools are used for drawing out minerals deep down from the earth crust. The nature of the mining tool and process create a possible unenthusiastic and positive crash on the surroundings. The tools vary in size and shape de-pending on the minerals being extracted and the method of mining being used.

In the past mining tools and processes have led to negative effects on the environment and this has currently led to most countries adopting regulations for moderating the unenthusias-tic results of mining processes. Safety has become a concern and modern mining tools and processes have improved the mines safety significantly. The big challenge for the global min-ing industry has been how to continue the mining processes without reducing the impact it has on the planet.

The performance of the mining industries regarding the environment has improved a   great

deal in the recent past in Canada. The significance of the mining to Canada‟s market makes

green mining very critical to it. In conjunction with stakeholders from environmental NGO‟s, the mining industry, academic circles, territories and provinces NRCan has ad-dressed the environmental problems in mining for a long time. Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) a multiple stake holders bargaining forum for a safe environment brought forward in 1989 has been analysing best ways of curtailing occurrence of acidic wa-ters in mine locations. The National Orphaned and Abandoned Mines forum (NOAMI) is also a platform to address issues of environmental concerns in the mining industry. It was established in 2002 by territorial, federal and provincial ministers of mines. Their main objective being to address the subject of abandoned mines. The Green Mining Initiative (GMI) has become bold in this matter though formed recently. (Hogan, C. & Tremblay, G. (2002). Noami and Partners – A Six-year Retrospective)

Green mining looks for ways of getting healthy ecosystems, transformed landscapes and clean water through reducing waste by renovating it into other applications. Build on a foundational principal of technical improvement the prolonged approach taken by the Ca-nadian mining sector has already produced tangible results. The impact of acidic damage from the mining process has been reduced a great deal due to new treatment, prediction and prevention paradigms. The methodology of closing up mines has been enhanced and this also involves new and current mines which need financial guarantees and closing plans given upfront.

The growth in knowledge has led to invention and innovation of the technological world and such advancement is beneficial to virtually all sectors of the economy in terms of im-proving productivity in various industries and hence sustaining economic growth., western nations have much of their GDP growth-3 to 4%- attributed to technological advancement rather than increase in number of workforce. The mining industry has not been overtaken by events and has been benefitting from the advancement in technology overtime.

The mining industry has become increasingly recognizable following rise of events in the industry; there is increased need and use of mine products, environmental degradation and high deaths at the mines. Commonly mined materials include various metal ores- such as gold, iron, zinc, copper, uranium and many others, coal, limestone, salts, oil, natural gas among others. Materials are distributed oddly across nations, with some nations having mul-tiple minerals, metals and other materials while other nations do not have. As such most of....

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Item Type: Project Material  |  Attribute: 56 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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