ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ON RURAL DEVELOPMENT IN SOBA AND ZARIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS KADUNA STATE (2006-2011)

ABSTRACT
This research work attempts to assess the impact of Local Government on rural development in Soba and Zaria Local Government areas, Kaduna State. Local Governments were primarily designed to meet the basic needs and aspirations of the rural communities. Fundamentally, government needs to place rural development at the top of the agenda of National Development in realization of the fact that enhanced rural development is a prerequisite for meaningful and sustainable overall national development policies and programmes through the local government. However, rural communities in Nigeria, specifically Soba and Zaria local government are still facing numerous difficulties in terms of infrastructural deficiency, poor human development, which has made rural development imperative. This imbalance has subjected the rural areas to more disadvantaged economic position. With this, the study tries to examine the level of capital funding and community mobilization and participation in effort of rural development. The research work covered the period of 2006 and 2011. Data for the study were collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary source comprises the used of questionnaire, interview and observation, while the secondary source consists of text books, journals, thesis, manuals and other unpublished papers. Descriptive and inferential statistical tools were used for data presentation and analysis. The Spear man rank coefficient correlation of non parametric tool was used for the analysis of data that leads to the testing of the two hypotheses. It was discovered that inadequate funding has been the bane of rural development in study areas. This is attributable to a lot of draw – backs arising from untold interruptions and control by the higher tiers of governments. It was recommended that, to bring about a more realistic rural development in Nigeria, specifically Soba and Zaria local governments, the local government should minimize their total dependence on the federal allocation, and increase their effort towards generating more revenue through the diversification of their internal revenue sources.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page
List of Tables
List of Figures
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background to the Study
1.2       Statement of the Research Problem
1.3       Objectives of the Study
1.4       Hypotheses of the Study
1.5       Significance of the Study
1.6       Scope and Limitations of the Study
1.7       Methodology of the Study
1.8       Definitions of Basic Terms

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Literature Review
2.2.1    Concept of Local Government
2.2.2    Concept of Development
2.3       Theoretical Framework

CHAPTER THREE
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND AND OPERATIONAL PATTERN OF SOBA AND ZARIA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF KADUNA STATE
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Historical Background of Soba Local Government
3.3       Historical Background of Zaria Local Government
3.4       Objectives and Functions of Soba and Zaria Local Governments
3.5       Organizational Chart of Soba and Zaria Local Governments
3.6       Operational pattern and Functions of Soba and Zaria Local Government Departments
3.7       Pattern of Local Govt Revenue from the Internal Generated
3.8       Pattern of Revenue Utilization by Local Government in Nigeria
3.9       Soba Local Governments Monthly Funds Statutory Allocation from Federation Accounts From 2006-2011
3.10     Zaria Local Governments Monthly Funds Statutory Allocation from Federation Accounts From 2006-2011
3.11     Analysis of Expenditures of Soba and Zaria Local Governments during the period of Study 2006-2011

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Rate of Returns and Reponses of Questionnaire
4.3       Respondents Profile/Biodata
4.4       Test of Hypothesis One (1)
4.5       Test of Hypothesis Two (2)
4.9       Major findings of the study

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Summary
5.2       Conclusion
5.3       Recommendations
5.4       Suggestions for further Study
            Bibliography
            Appendices


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1         Background to the Study

The desire for creating local government anywhere in the world stems from the need to facilitate development at the grassroots level. The issue of rural development has been creating a lot of concern in most third world countries. There has been growing recognition of the importance of rural development as an instrument in the overall development of the contemporary developing world. This is because of the glaring gap between the rural and urban areas in terms of infrastructural, resources distribution, human resources development and employment, which has made rural development imperative (Ogbazi, 1982:2). This imbalance has subjected the rural areas to more disadvantaged economic position. It has induced rural – urban migration, thereby, increasing unemployment situation in the urban areas, while, simultaneously depriving the rural areas of their agricultural workforce.


In Nigeria for instance, the recognition of the above problems, instigated the Federal Military Government in 1976, to take a bold initiative to reform the local government system in Nigeria. The essence of the reform was to bring about stable increase in rural productivity and income, diversification of rural economy and general enhancement of the quality of life in the areas (Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1980:12). In the same vein, the Nigerian Constitution (1999:6) provides that every local government in the country shall participate in the economic planning and development of its own area of jurisdiction. To strengthen this great task bestowed on the local governments, General Ibrahim Babangida, reminded Nigeria‟s that local government were not created to pay salaries only, but to ensure collective participation in governance, motivate physical and economic development, creat the condition for development opportunities and provide social services which can improve the well-being of the rural people (Oyorbaire and Olagunju, 1998:49).

It is pertinent to believe that, the ability of any local government to accomplish such expected tasks will depend on the availability of funds. That is to say that the survival and effectives of this grassroot tier, depend on its financial viability. Hence, Adedeji (1969:96) assertion that the success or failure of any local government will depend on the financial resources available to it. Furthermore, Adedeji (1972:110), opined that local governments in Nigeria are enmeshed in a vicious circle of poverty. The elements of that viciousness include inadequate functions and power, inadequate finance, low caliber and poorly paid staff, poor performance, and transfer of functions to state and federal governments and cumbersome structure. Adedeji stated that finance represents the points at which the vicious cycle may be broken or possibly reversed. In other words Soba and Zaria local governments should not retain in their pursuit for financial buoyancy so as to break the vicious cycle of poverty of the rural populace.

However, it is believe also in some local governments, that inadequate funding of local governments has been the bane of rural development in Nigeria, specifically Soba and Zaria local government areas. For instance, Rowland (1979:138) believed that complete absence of funds for capital development is the major problem of financing local government in Nigeria today, and has been so for some years past.


1.2         Statement to the Problem
Local government in modern day life is responsible for delivering basic goods and services to its local communities in faster, easier and more efficient manner. Local government is the level of government in Nigeria at which the momentum to sustain national development is created. The rural development initiated by local government is expected in terms of specific projects such as kilometers of rural roads constructed and....

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Item Type: Postgraduate Material  |  Attribute: 132 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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