EFFECTS OF LOGOTHERAPY AND REASSURANCE ON ADJUSTMENT OF HIV POSITIVE YOUTHS TO STIGMATIZATION

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE
CERTIFICATION
APPROVAL PAGE
DEDICATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF TABLES
ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the Study
Scope of the Study
Research Questions
Hypotheses

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURE
Conceptual Framework
Concept of HIV and AIDS
Concept of Logotherapy
Concept of Reassurance
Concept of Adjustment
Concept of HIV Psychological Adjustment
Concept of Emotional Adjustment
Concept of Social Adjustment
Concept of HIV Stigmatization
Concept of Gender
Conceptual relationship of the Variables of the Study
Theoretical Framework
Rational Emotive Therapy
Theory of Existentialism
Gestalt Theory
Behavioural Counselling Approach
Health Belief Model
Review of Empirical Studies
Studies on HIV Infection
Adjustment of HIV Positive Persons
Studies on Logotherapy
Studies on Reassurance
Summary of Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOD      
Design of the Study
Area of the Study
Population of the Study
Sample and Sampling Techniques
Instrument for Data Collection
Validation of the Instrument 
Reliability of the Instrument
Method of Data Collection
Experimental Procedure
Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS       
Research Question One
Research Question Two
Research Question Three
Hypothesis One
Hypothesis Two
Hypothesis Three
Summary of Major Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION, IMPLICATIONS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND SUMMARY OF THE STUDY
Discussion of Findings
Conclusion
Educational Implications of the Findings
Recommendations
Limitations of the Study
Suggestions for Further Study
Summary of the Study
References


ABSTRACT
The study was designed to determine the effects of logotherapy and reassurance counselling on HIV positive youths in Enugu State. The study was guided by three research questions and three hypotheses tested at 0.05 level of significance. A true experimental design was adopted for the study. A total of 32 HIV positive youths were used for the study. The instrument for data collection was a 22 item questionnaire which was titled Adjustment scale instrument for HIV positive youths (ASIHPY). The instrument was validated by three experts, all from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. The reliability of the instrument was determined using Cronbach Alpha statistics which yielded an estimated value of 0.83. The HIV positive youths in the three experimental groups were pretested with ASIHPY before receiving appropriate treatments on logotherapy and reassurance counselling. After the treatments, ASIHPY was re-administered on both groups as post test. Mean and standard deviation were used to answer the four research questions while Analysis of Covariance, (ANCOVA) was used to test the three hypotheses posed. It was found that: the two treatment groups had better adjustment as shown by their pretest posttest mean differences. Also, gender had a significant influence on the HIV positive youths. It was recommended that guidance counsellors, educational psychologists should plan a programme of intervention based on the principles for HIV positive youths adjustment; and the federal and state ministries of Education should organize and sponsor workshops and seminars for educational psychologists and school guidance counsellors on how to implement logotherapy and reassurance counselling techniques.


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Human Imuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) is a viral infection that has the effects of destroying the body’s immune system, a situation called “Acquired Immuno-deficiency Syndrome” (AIDS). AIDS is a fatal disease in which the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) gradually destroys the ability of the immune system to fight off a wide range of infectious agents (National Action Committee on AIDS-NACA, 2007). Researches on AIDS had shown that HIV is transmitted through blood contact, sexual intercourse with an infected person, sharing of sharp body piercing objects, homosexual contacts and mother to child transmission during pregnancy, labour and breast feeding (NACA, 2007). The mode of transmission of HIV makes it very vulnerable to be transmitted from one person to another (NACA, 2007). Since the first case of HIV was reported in 1981, millions of people had died globally from the infection. For instance, in 2008 the estimated number of people living with HIV in Nigeria was projected at 2.95 million while the cumulative AIDS death was estimated at 280,000 people annually, (National HIV Sero-prevalence Sentinel Survey: Preliminary findings, 2008)

The pandemic of HIV and AIDS has spread to all regions of the globe and infected over forty million people worldwide that are currently living with this fatal disease (UNAIDS, 2002). In Enugu state where the researcher carried.....

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Item Type: Ph.D Material  |  Attribute: 135 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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