CAREER READINESS OF THE OFFICE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT STUDENTS IN POLYTECHNICS IN ANAMBRA, EBONYI AND ENUGU STATES, NIGERIA

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TITLE PAGE
APPROVAL PAGE
CERTIFICATION
DEDICATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF TABLES
LIST OF FIGURES
ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Significance of the Study
Research questions
Hypotheses
Scope of the Study

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
Conceptual Framework
Career and career readiness
Career education a requisite for career readiness
Office Technology and Management
Office skills required by the professional secretary
Managerial skills required for career by secretaries
Entrepreneurial skills as a tool for career development
Information and Communication Technology skills required for career in OTM
Communication skills required for career in today’s workplace
Socio-psychological skills required for career in today’s workplace
Theoretical framework
Theory of work adjustment (TWA)
Parson’s Matching Theory (PMT)
Related Empirical Studies
Summary of literature reviewed

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
Design of the Study
Area of the Study
Population for the Study
Sample and sampling technique
Instrument for Data Collection
Validation of the Instrument
Reliability of the Instrument
Method of Data Collection
Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA ANALYSIS
Presentation and Analysis of Data
Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Re-statement of the problem
Summary of Procedures Used
Summary of Findings
Implication of the study
Conclusions
Limitations
Recommendations
Suggestion for Further Studies
REFERENCES
APPENDICES
Appendix I Request for validation of instrument
Appendix II Questionnaire
Appendix III SPSS Analysis
Appendix IV Analysis of formulae for computing career readiness index


Abstract
This study seeks to assess the career readiness of Office Technology and Management students in polytechnics in Anambra, Ebonyi and Enugu state. Career readiness is a measure of the extent to which the OTM students possess the skills and attitudes needed for advancing in their career path. The career readiness of the students was measured using six indicators; office skills, managerial skills, entrepreneurial skills, ICT skills, communication skills and socio-psychological skills. The study employed a survey research design and polytechnics offering OTM in Anambra, Ebonyi and Enugu state were selected for the study. Seven research questions and three hypotheses guided the study, 179 HND II students offering OTM constituted the population, and no sample was taken because of the manageable size of the population. Structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The instrument was structured on a five point scale, type in line with the indicators for measuring the career readiness of the OTM students. The instrument was face validated and trial tested on 35 OTM students from Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo and a reliability coefficient of 0.95 was obtained. The instrument was administered to the respondents and data collected was analysed accordingly. Mean was used to answer research question 1 to 6 while research question 7 was computed using the Arowolo & Ede (2012) modified formula for computing readiness index. Hypothesis 1 and 2 were tested using t-test at .05 level of significance while hypothesis 3 was tested using ANOVA at .05 level of significance. The findings of the study showed a low career readiness index of 2.43 for the OTM students in the Polytechnics in Anambra, Ebonyi and Enugu State. The indicators for measuring career readiness showed that the students are lacking in office skills, managerial skills, entrepreneurial skills and communication skills but rated very high in ICT skills and socio-psychological skills. The low career readiness index has great implication for OTM programme in south east Nigeria and it justifies the opinion in many researches that graduates of the Nigerian higher education institutions are not employable. The study reveals that much of what is done in the classroom are mere theoretical rather than practical. It was therefore recommended among others that the polytechnics should strengthen their partnership with industry for work based training of their students and a re-evaluation of the programme should be conducted to ascertain the possible strategies for effective teaching and learning of office technology and management courses.


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Background of the Study
Career choice has been the major content of vocational advocacy. However, preparedness to take advantage of the openings in the area of career choice is more important than the mere choice of a career. To develop a career is a lifetime process encompassing the growth and change processes of childhood, through formal education at school throughout a person’s working adulthood and into retirement. Career development occurs through life and it is enhanced by lifelong learning. The term career as defined by Herr, Cramer and Niles (2004) is a sequence of interaction of individuals with society, education and organisations throughout their lifespan. A career can be defined as a pattern of work experiences comprising the entire life span of a person and which is generally seen with regard to a number of phases or stages reflecting the transition from one stage of life to the next (Weinert, 2001). Similarly, Collin (1998) explains that the term career arises from the interaction of individuals with organisations and society. This interaction, as Savickas (2009) proposes, is no longer merely just a sequence of jobs but is now a story or an identity that working people build about themselves.

Developing a career is as complex as personality development, which is not just a one shot event. Developing a career is not just a decision that takes place at the entry point to a job, but it involves the totality of an individual’s psychological, sociological, and educational events which eventually results into occupational choice and other life roles. The quality of this career development significantly determines the nature and quality of individuals’ lives: the kind of people they become, the sense of purpose they have, the income at their disposal.....

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Item Type: Postgraduate Material  |  Attribute: 102 pages  |  Chapters: 1-5
Format: MS Word  |  Price: N3,000  |  Delivery: Within 30Mins.
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