AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF MONETARY POLICY ON ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (1985–2011)

ABSTRACT
One can hardly find a country without monetary policy. As a matter of fact, monetary policy has gained a solid ground in the Nigerian economy. However, in light of various economic problems in Nigeria, it would seem the benefits of monetary policy are yet to be fully harnessed. The purposed of this study is to analyse the impact of monetary policy with Nigeria being the case study. With regards to the data analysis, regression analysis was applied. The study covers the effectiveness of monetary policy from the period 1985 to 2011. The study revealed that the level of effectiveness of monetary policy is highly influenced by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).


CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
One of the major issues which have occupied the mind of government for years is the impact of monetary policy as a tool for price stability in Nigeria. Despite the lack consensus amongst the economy, there is remarkable strong agreement that monetary policy as an economy-stabilizing measure in Nigeria refers to the persistence rise in the general price level.

Monetary policy is one of the macroeconomic policies available for managing the economy. It is however important today because its effects on economic aggregates such as price, output, interest rates and exchange rates. In most countries, the central bank is saddled with the responsibility of conducting monetary policy. In the case of Nigeria, the responsibility entirely lies with the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). The discretionary control of the money stock by the monetary authority involves the expansion and contraction of money, influencing interest.....



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