THE IMPACT OF CORPORATE GOVERNANCE IN THE NIGERIA FINANCIAL SYSTEM

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ABSTRACT


The Project is on the Impact of corporate governance in the Nigerian financial system. The objectives of the study were: to identify the principles of corporate governance in the Nigerian financial system; to evaluate the challenges of corporate governance in the Nigerian financial system; to identify why corporate governance is relevant in the Nigerian financial system. The study used both primary and secondary sources of data. A total number of 327 copies of questionnaire were administered and 300 were collected and analyzed. Statistical tools for analyses include, tables, percentages, bar charts and chi-square. The findings indicate that rights of share holders, transparency and adequate disclosure of information are some of the principles of corporate governance; Inadequate management capacity and inadequate financial controls are some of the challenges of corporate governance. The study concludes that; there is high level of malpractice in the Nigerian financial system; inadequate operational and financial controls affect the Nigerian financial system. The study from its findings made recommendations such as organizations should ensure that board members are qualified for their positions and that organizations should conduct corporate governance in a transparent manner.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Abstract
Table of contents

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the study
1.2       Statement of the problem
1.3       Objectives of the study
1.4       Research questions
1.5       Research hypotheses
1.6       Significance of the study
1.7       Scope of the study
1.8       Limitation of the study
1.9       Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.0       Introduction
2.1       The concept of corporate governance
2.2       Principles of corporate governance
2.3       Disclosure and corporate governance
2.4       Challenges of corporate governance for banks in Nigeria post consolidation
2.5       Principles and pillars of corporate governance as endorsed by CBN
2.6       Code of corporate governance practices for banks post consolidation
2.7       Factors of weak corporate governance in the Nigerian financial system
2.8       Corporate governance as antidote to white-collar crimes in the banking industry
2.9       Managing disharmony in corporate governance
2.10     The practice of corporate governance in Nigeria
2.11     Power play in corporate governance
2.12     Ethics in corporate governance
2.13     Corporate governance issues in the insurance industry
2.14     The Impact of corporate governance in the financial system
2.15     Code/guidelines of corporate governance best practice

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLODY
3.0       Introduction
3.1       Research design
3.2       Area of the study
3.3       Source s of data
3.4       Population of the study
3.6       Description of instrument for data collection
3.7       Validity of the research instrument
3.8       Reliability of the research instrument
3.9       Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
Summary of findings
Conclusion
Recommendations
Bibliography

Appendix

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1        BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Corporate  governance  are  processes  and  structures  by  which

business and affairs of an institution are directed and managed in order to

improve long term shareholder value by enhancing corporate performance

and   accountability, while taking into consideration the interest of other

shareholder.   Corporate   governance   is   building   credibility,    ensuring

transparency and accountability and maintaining an effective channel of

information disfiguration that would foster good corporate governance.

Corporate governance that entails an integration of laws, regulations and

practice of integrity in corporations aids in mobilizing both foreign and local

capital. Nigeria needs to develop a mechanism that will attract foreign

investors.  Differences  in  culture  and  values  will  influence  corporate

governance laws and practices because of the theory of path dependence.

In Nigeria and all market based economies the promulgation of good


investment or corporate law is significant for attracting foreign private capital. Law creates a climate for the operations of markets in which entrepreneurship, efficiency and growth will be encouraged.

Legislation on corporate governance in Nigeria has followed a pattern laid down. The various laws are made to regulate the practice of a particular trade or profession in order to protect investors and ensure a sustainable business environment. In Nigeria, we have the Central Bank of Nigeria Act (1991), the Banks and other Financial Institutions Act (BOFIA) 1991 as amended, Investment and Security Act (ISA) 1999, the Nigeria Deposit Insurance Corporation Act (NDIC) 1985 as amended and other laws. However, the basic law governing all companies operating in Nigeria is the companies and Allied matter Act (CAMA) 1990.

The Act provides that the board of directors of a company has the duty to prepare financial statements of the operations of the company during its financial year which must and at a specified period. The five year financial summary of the company must be prepared in order to chart the progress of the company. The five year financial summary of the company must be prepared in order to display the progress of the company.
The law requires that the company’s external auditors appointed by the Directors and approved at the AGM by the shareholders. Employers of the company are not allowed to act as auditors. In the case of a bank, no person who has any interest in the bank other than a depositor is a firm in which a director of a bank has interest as a director or partner, who is indebted to the bank, shall be an auditor. The CBN must approve the appointment of any firm or a person as an auditor of a bank as provided for in the BOFIA. The Audit committee made up of equal number of directors and representatives of the shareholders shall examine and make recommendations to the AGM based on its findings.

All companies that operate in Nigeria should file their annual venture to the corporate affairs Commission (CAC) which registers all companies. In respect of the capital market, all accredited capital market operators must file both quarterly and annual return to SEC. All licensed banks and other financial institutions must also render regular return to the CBN and NDIC.
All insurance companies are expected to submit regular returns in the prescribed format to National Insurance Commission (NAICOM). Also the financial statements of the company must be audited and certified by approved external auditors.

The fact that share holders of the company. Corporate governance is a term that is commonly used to describe the way business organizations are managed. The organisations may be for profit or not-for-profit. Either way, the enshrined in certain objectives) and the way its activities are managed should enhanced those objectives.

In very broad terms, corporate governance covers every aspect of the organizational set-up, right from how resources are generated up to how they are deployed and utilized. Good corporate governance requires judicious and prudent management of resources, both internally and from the social responsibility perspective. For instance, if a chief executive officer overpays himself or herself, it is in violation of good practice of corporate governance. This indeed was why the erstwhile boss of the New York stock exchange (Richard Grasso) lost his job – he gave himself a pay packet of US$140million per annum!

The same violation would count against a bank executive who hires a relative of his/hers for the sole purpose of facilitating easy access to the organizations resources, beyond normal entitlement, or where it is done with intent to defraud the organization. In which case, corporate governance also concerns the recruitment process – whether it is fair and allows the organization to attract and retain the most suitable caliber of people for its type of business.


Corporate governance thus requires that all things done in organizations (profit or not-for-profit) must be aimed at achieving the organizational objectives. Naturally, the test of every action or decision rests on its contribution to organizational objective, or otherwise. Where a decision or action vitiates or compromises the corporate objectives, especially when it is done deliberately, a return of poor corporate governance is given.....

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