MEDIA OWNERSHIP AND CONTROL IN NIGERIA: A SURVEY OF SOUTH-SOUTH GEO-POLITICAL ZONE

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ABSTRACT
This project “Media Ownership and Control in Nigeria: A survey of the South-South geo-political Zone” examines the pattern of media ownership and control in the six states of Delta, Edo, Bayelsa, Akwa-Ibom, Cross-Rivers and Rivers that make-up the zone. It is hinged on the authoritarian and libertarian theories of the press. The survey method of research is used and it was discovered that 1,191 and 419 male and female journalists respectively registered with the Nigeria Union of journalists totaling 1,610. while there are 416 registered media firms, made up of 25 radio and television houses, there are 356 registered newspapers and magazine in the zone. Despite the huge number of practicing journalists in the zone, only less than half of then actually registered with NUJ.


It was also discovered that while ownership of the mass media is primarily private and government. The private ownership is divided into three types:-commercial, party-political and religious. The research note that while private owners influence media professionals in order to protect their interest, the government directly control its mass media and indirectly control the privately owned mass media. The researcher therefore recommend among others courage on the part of mass media practitioners in the cause of carrying out their duties.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Table of contents
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the study
1.2       Statement of the problems
1.3       Objectives of the study
1.4       Research questions
1.5       Theoretical framework
1.6       Scope and limitation of the study
1.7       Significance of the study
1.8       Definitions of terms
References

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
References:

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1       Research design
3.2       Population of study
3.3       Sample size
3.4       Sampling techniques
3.5       Instrument for data collection
3.6       Method of administering instrument
3.7       Techniques of data analysis and presentation
References:

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1       Data presentation
4.2       Data analysis and discussion
References:

CHAPTER FIVE: FINDINGS, SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Findings
5.2       Recommendations
5.3       Conclusion
Bibliography
Appendices

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the study:
The mass media is so important that it has always be an object of ownership and control. This is due to the roles which it plays in any society. While the government wants to control it in order to be able to manipulate the minds of the people, the citizenry clamor for it too.

Unlike the print medium, the broadcast medium in Nigeria before the deregulation is exclusively owned and controlled by the government and use as a medium of propaganda.

Udeajah (2004:8) explains it this way: “from the beginning, therefore, broadcasting was set up in Nigeria to be under the control of government, which uses it as a medium of propaganda and for controlling the information made available to the public”.

Ume-Nwagbo (1979) supports this view when he advanced that the advent of broadcasting in Nigeria was an attempt and calculated design to propagate Britain. This is because the programme broadcast is made up of a mixture of some selected BBC materials and colonial government


porgrammes. Adaba (1995) sees broadcasting as a political instrument not only in Nigeria but in African as a whole.
On the other hand, the print medium in Nigeria, like in most part of Africa and the world has been use by both the government and the citizenry to advance their various causes. In Nigeria, for instance, the nationalists had used the print medium to advance the causes of independent from the colonial masters.

Lateef Jakande writes that the battle of independent in Nigeria was fought on the pages of newspapers, thundering editorials were written, but no blood was shared.

The bottom line is that the print and the broadcast media have been owned by private individuals and the government (public). It is against this background that this work will explore media ownership and control, with the aim of finding out the party (government or private) that exerts the greatest influence and control on media practice in Nigeria.

1.2       Statement of problems
The media in Nigeria can be discuss under two stages. The phase of purely government ownership and the phase of government and private
ownership. The deregulation of broadcasting in Nigeria has made it possible for private and government ownership of the media. (Udeajah: 2004).

This work therefore is set to finding out the numbers of recognized media houses in the south-south geo-political zone of Nigeria; to ascertain the party (government or private) that has the greatest number, and the party (government or private) which exerts the greatest influence and control on media professionals in the course of performing their duties.
1.3       Objectives of study
This work will ascertain the sector that exerts the greatest control and influence on media professionals in Nigeria at the end of the research. Besides, the numbers of registered media outfits in each state of south-south geo-political zones will be ascertained. At the end of this study, the research will be able to ascertain the sector which has the greatest number of media houses and exert the greatest influence on media professionals in the zone.

1.4       Research questions
In order to achieve the objective stated above, this study will address the following questions.
What is the population of media personnel that registered with Nigeria Union of Journalists (NUJ) in the south-south geo-political zone?

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This is an Undergraduate Thesis and the complete research material plus questionnaire and references can be obtained at an affordable price of N3,000 within Nigeria or its equivalent in other currencies.


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