OBSERVATORY SYSTEM FOR MONITORING ROAD ACCIDENTS IN NIGERIA

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ABSTRACT


Road Accidents are on the rise due to the high amount of migration from the rural area to the urban areas, Urbanization people are now finding it easier to own cars and use it for their day to day activities. Due to that reason the amount of Road Accident has also risen to all-time highs with estimate of 2000 deaths in four months around the country. Although we record such amounts of Accidents we are not able to learn from them and try to make changes with the same Roads claiming lives all the time. Thus, the need of an Observatory System, the system was developed to help in the data gathering process, storage, and visualization of the data to help in decision making and also knowing how to curb the menace of Road Accident.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

ABSTRACT
TABLE OF CONTENTS
LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

Chapter One
1.1 Problem Statement
1.2 Introduction
1.3 Research Objectives
1.4 Motivations
1.5 Research Methodology
1.6 Expected Result

Chapter 2
Literature Review
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Data Collection
2.3 Decision Support System
2.4 INFORMATION SYSTEM
2.5 CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
2.6 DRUPAL CONTENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
2.7 WHAT IS MYSQL DATABASE?
2.7.1 What is a Database?
2.7.2 What is Database Management System?
2.8 Relational Database Management System(RDBMS)
2.9 Related Work
2.9.1 Road Accident Views(S, 2000)
2.9.2 Dutch Injury Surveillance System (Horan & Mallonee, 2003)
2.9.3 Fatal Injury Surveillance System (WHO & Monash University, 2012)
2.9.2 Conclusion

Chapter 3
METHODOLOGY
3.1 System Analysis
3.1.1 System Design
3.1.2 Data Modeling
3.2 System Implementation
3.3 Implementation Tools
3.4 System Study
3.5 Data analysis
3.5.1 User Requirements
3.5.3 Non-Functional Requirements
3.6 System Design
3.6.1 Data Modeling
3.6.2 Data Requirements
3.6.3 Modeling relationship between entities

Chapter Four
Experimentation and Results
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Security of the System
4.3 Maintenance of the system
4.4 Sample code used in creating some of the functionalities of the system
4.5 Sample Screen shots from the System
4.6 Conclusion

Chapter Five
Summary, Recommendation and Conclusion
5.1 Summary
5.2 Recommendation
5.3 Conclusion
References



Chapter One

Introduction

1.1 Problem Statement

Observatory System for Monitoring Road Accidents in Nigeria.

1.2 Introduction

What is a Road Traffic Accident? A lot of people would say that RTAs (Road Traffic Accidents) is when a vehicle or motorcycle collide with either a second vehicle or hits an individual, but Accident is far more than that, A road accident refers to any accident involving at least one road vehicle, occurring on a road open to public circulation, and in which at least one person is injured or killed. Intentional acts (murder, suicide) and natural disasters are excluded (National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies, 2016). Road Traffic Accidents claim more than 1.2 million lives each year and have a huge impact on health and development they are among the major causes of deaths in young adults and children between the age of 15 – 29 years (World Health Organization, 2015).


A total amount of 35,092 people died in motor vehicle crashes in 2015, the United States Department of Transportation’s most recent evaluation of the yearly financial fee of crashes was a $242 billion dollars (Highway Loss Data Institute, 2015). According to a report by WHO, India is the foremost country in number of deaths in RTAs in the world ranking. According to data for 2007, 114,590 people died in India as an outcome of RTAs. The second place goes to china with 89,455 deaths RTA wounds are becoming rampant, their adverse consequences by far surpass results of both transmissible and non-communicable diseases (Aubakirova, Kossumov, & Igissinov, 2013). To date traffic accidents have developed into one of the major sources of injury, disability and mortality worldwide.
The Developing Countries tend to have more than developed 1st and 2nd world countries because they are far underdeveloped and control measures are not well in place, even if they are there the rate of corruption and lack of care has overshadowed the control measures. And it also affects the countries the worse as it reduces the major driving force of the economic population where men are the general breadwinners. and have the highest frequency in mortality rates in RTAs, A studies have shown that males tend to have more accidents than women, due to the bad habits they associate themselves with while driving such as Speeding, Eating or Drinking, risky overtakes, not wearing on seat belts and so on (Highway Loss Data Institute, 2015).

The cost of accidents between the developed countries and underdeveloped and developing countries on the GDP is also different a Conservative estimate pegs the cost of accident on GDP of the Developed Countries at 1% on the other hand the developing countries are estimated at almost 5%. One mechanism for dropping demise from RTAs is the so termed “golden hour” and “diamond half an hour”, when vital medical care is provided to wounded in the first hour after an accident transpires and injury is sustained.

By now we must have noticed that RTAs are not limited to a single part of the world and the lives claimed by RTAs is not limited to a single range of population. RTAs also lead to injuries that are sometimes permanent leaving an individual forever disabled. Nigeria being one of the most...


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