LEADERSHIP AND NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF BENUE STATE, 2007-2011)

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ABSTRACT



The study examines leadership and National development in Nigeria: A case study of Benue state from 2007-2011. The study posit that, there is a nexus between leadership and national development in Nigerian generally, and Benue state in particular. The study identify corruption, mismanagement, extravancy and lack of political will as bane to development in Benue state specially during civilian administration. The research used qualitative method for data collection and analysis, which documentary resources were useful in gathering information regarding development in Benue state. The study submit as findings that, comparatively when talking about development, the military regimes perform more better than uninterrupted civilian administration. The research recommend that, there should be mechanism such as anti-corruption agencies at all of government state to check the activities of leaders, and there is need for leaders at all levels to be stable and continuity of policies to encourage investment for national development.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Table of content
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
1.1       Background of the study
1.2       Statement of the problem
1.3       Research questions
1.4       Aim and objectives of the study
1.5       Hypothesis of the study
1.6       Significance of the study
1.7       Scope and limitations of the study
1.8       Research methodology
1.8.1   Research design: Qualitative Approach
1.8.2   Source of data collection
1.8.3   Sample and sampling technique
1.8.4   Method of data analysis
1.9       Definition of concepts
1.10   Chapterisation

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
Introduction
2.0       Development
2.1       Leadership
2.2       National development
2.3       Leadership and national development in pre-colonial Nigeria
2.4       Leadership and national development in post-colonial Nigeria
2.5       Theoretical framework

CHAPTER THREE
3.0       Background of Benue state and national development
3.1       Overview of leadership and development in Benue state during military regime
3.2       Captain Adebayo Lawal (1978-1979)
3.3       Brigadier John Atom Kpera (1984-1985)
3.4       Captain Jonah David Jang (1985-1986)
3.5       Col. Ishya Bakut (1986-1987)
3.6       Col. Idris Garba (1987-1988)
3.7 Lt. Col. Fidelis Makka (1988-1992)
3.8 Captain Joshua Obademi (1993-1996)
3.9 Lt. Col. Aminu Isah Kontagora (1996-1998)
3.10     Col. Dominic Oneya (1998-1999)
3.11     Brief background of civilian administration in Benue state
3.12     Mr. Aper Aku (1979-1983)
3.13     Rev. Moses Orshio Adasu (1992-1993)
3.14     Mr. George Akume (1999-2007)
3.15     Hon. Gabriel Torwua Suswan (2007-2011)
3.16 Leadership contribution in Benue state

CHAPTER FOUR
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Leadership crisis and national development in Nigeria
4.3       The impacts of leadership problems on national development in Benue state
4.4       Leadership and Sustainable development in Benue state
4.5       Findings and discussion

CHAPTER FIVE
5.1       Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
5.2       Summary
5.3       Conclusion
5.4       Recommendations
Bibliography


CHAPTER ONE


1.1         BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY


Generally there exist a nexus between leadership roles and national development of a given political system. Quality leadership is central to the attainment of development in a given polity. In an increasing changing and globalised world, leadership is the most visible aspect of management with its potential of transforming the workforce into willing and winning team, with the appropriate relations to actualize collectively determine corporate objectives in the society (Dike, 2000).

To be clear about that, leadership is a defining element between success or failure of any organization (polity). It is the thread that binds the resources of the state to people’s value goals. The strength of the leadership in terms of character and quality will determine the level of success a polity will attained in its moved toward the end of national and local development prospects (Todaro, 2004).

However, Nigeria today purports to run a democratic system of government that is expected to promote development and general well being through the political will of its leadership. This is because leadership help to translate development process and sustainability through various polices and progrmmes initiated by the leaders. Indeed, National development is critical and essential to the sustenance and growth of any given nation (Oluwatoyin and Lawal, 2011).


Pride of any nation or government is the attainment of higher value level of development in such away that its citizens would derive natural attachment of governance.

Without leadership there could not be development especially in the social, human and cultural dimension.

To this effect, the socio-economic and political development of a given political system account largely on the ability of it leadership to facilitate and sustain good governance. Good governance simply refers to the manifestation of committed, patriotic and discipline leadership in ensuring that there is improvement in the standard of living of its citizens in that society.

However, it is a common knowledge in Nigeria today and Benue state, that the main problem that has bedeviled Nigeria and Benue is poor leadership, especially after the first set of patriotic leaders that emerges immediately after independence up till 1970s, when leaders were more corrupt and selfish as regards to National development.

In recent time, the root cause(s) of socio-economic and political instability according to analysts is leadership (Ebegbulem, 2007).

Although, it could be free to argue here that, leadership crises in Nigeria is a recent phenomenon. Chronologically, from independence, Nigerian state have witness patriotic and nationalist leaders whom their roles.....


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