ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF BRAIN-DRAIN ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT IN NORTH WESTERN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF THE POLYTECHNIC OF SOKOTO STATE

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TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page
Table of Content

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1   Background to the Study
1.2       Statement of the Research Problem
1.3       Research Questions
1.4       Objective of the Study
1.5       Hypotheses of the study
1.6       Significance of the Study
1.7       Scope and limitations of the study
1.8       Scheme of Chapters

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Concept of Brain Drain
2.3       Causes of Brain Drain
2.4       Human Capacity Building
2.5       The impact of Brain Drain on the performance and Development of Higher institutions in Nigeria
2.6       Employee Retention strategies in Higher Educational Institution
2.7       Combating Brain Drain in Higher Educational institutions

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Introduction
3.2       Research Design
3.3       Population of the Study
3.4       Sample size and Sampling Technique
3.5       Instrument for Data Collection
3.6       Method of Data Collection
3.7       Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
4.1 Introduction
4.2       Test of Hypotheses
4.2.1 Test of Hypothesis One
4.3       Discussion of findings

CHAPTERFIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Summary
5.2       Conclusion
5.3       Recommendations
            References
            Appendices


CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background to the Study

The migration of intellectual worker and skilled personnel from the less developed countries, particularly from the poor countries, to the more develop or advanced countries termed as Brain-Drain is a global phenomenon. However, it hurts more, particularly in the area of science and technology and in the progress of poor and developing countries. It is a very serious matter which such countries must attend to on urgent basis. The term, "Brain Drain" was coined by the British Royal Society to describe the outflow of scientists and technicians to the United State and Canada in the 1950s and early 1960s (Carrington, 1999). By the 1970s brain drain came to be associated with the flow of skilled individuals from the developing world to Western Europe and North America. Brain Drain, also known as capital flight, simply connotes "large-scale emigration of individuals with technical skills or knowledge" (Idahosa & Akpomera, 2012, p. 17). To Stenman (2006), brain drain can be defined as a large emigration of individuals with technical skills or knowledge from one country to another in order to enjoy better conditions of service and better living environment. It is also defined as the movement of service and better living environment. It is also define as the movement of service and better living environment. It could also mean the of high-level experts from developing countries to industrialized nation (Odhiambo, 2004). In the same vein, kegley (2007) sees brain drain as the exodus of the most educated people from their home country to a more prosperous foreign country.

The highly qualified and trained manpower is regarded as the greatest assest of any nation. The impact that one creative individual can make through his invention, innovations and discoveries can be greater than the labour of thousands of untrained individuals. The loss of human resources especially of skilled and intellectual worker from a state in North Western of Nigeria is referred to as the Brain Drain migration. For example, when someone leaves Nigeria, moves to America for training and education, but then does not return to his or her home country to benefit his country through his knowledge, the country suffers a Brain Drain. The reverse of Brain Drain is the phenomenon termed as the Brain...


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