NIGERIA FOOTBALL FEDERATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF FOOTBALL IN NIGERIA

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ABSTRACT

The purpose of the study was to examine Nigeria football Federation and development of football in Nigeria. To achieve this purpose, six researcher questions were posed and four null hypotheses postulated for their verification at 0.05 alpha level. A descriptive survey research design was used for the study. There was no sample in the study; hence all the 223 respondents were used. The researcher designed the checklist, questionnaire and documentary information proforma for data collection. There were 82 items reflecting checklist on the appointment and recruitment of NFF board members, management staff, technical crew, national football players and provision of football facilities while twenty four items were generated and included in the questionnaire. Five experts in physical education, sports and recreation validated the instruments. The final draft of the questionnaire had a 4 – point rating scale of Very High Extent = 4, High Extent = 3, Low Extent = 2, Very Low Extent = 1 which addressed sections B, C, D and E on the extent of Nigeria football federation as regards provision of football facilities by NFF as index of football development in Nigeria, the extent of funding of football in Nigeria through NFF as index of football development, the aspects of football programmes that are improved by the Nigeria football federation, the extent Nigeria football federation contributed to football development in Nigeria and to which extent Nigeria football federation official ranks contributed to success of Nigeria football respectively. Cronbach’s Alpha reliability method was used to establish the reliability of the instrument. The respondents consisted of 16 NFF board members, 21 management staff, 48 technical crew and 138 national football players in Nigeria football federation. The mean score was used to answer the six research questions. One-way Analysis of variance (ANOVA) statistic was used to test the four hypotheses and also Scheffe’s post hoc analysis (pair wise comparism) was further used to test the significant difference in the mean scores of the official ranks. The following were the major results of the study. The Nigeria football federation did not have fair and equitable provision of football facilities in national zones of Nigeria, the Nigeria football federation had some impacts in funding the game of football in Nigeria, and the NFF did improved aspects football programmes especially the recruitment of indigenous coaches for national teams. The 1, 2 & 4 null hypotheses were rejected, while hypothesis 3 was accepted thus (4.149>.003, 3.092 >.017, .855 <.492 and 5.693>.000) respectively. Subsequently the implications of the findings for development of football in Nigeria were proffered among others; the inability of federation to ensure equitable appointments of staff, recruitment of technical crew and selection of national players. This forms the basis of disaffection among various groups in Nigeria, therefore the government stalwart mare football development in Nigeria. It was recommended that since the ministry sports and social development has failed to ensure fair and equal appointments and recruitment in NFF, there is need for establishment of monitory or evaluation units in the Nigeria football federation to monitor or evaluate development of football in Nigeria in accordance with its guiding principles among others recommendations.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Table of contents
Appendices
List of tables
List of Figures
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: Introduction
Background to the Study
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the Study
Research Questions
Hypotheses
Significance of the study
Scope of the study

CHAPTER TWO: Review of Related Literature
Conceptual framework
Concept of football
History of football in Nigeria
Importance of Football (sports)
Development and Football Development in Nigeria
Nigeria Football Association (NFA) now (NFF)
Theoretical framework
Justice theory
Equality of opportunity theory
Review of empirical studies
Summary of the related literature

CHAPTER THREE: Methods
Research Design
Area of the Study
Population for the Study
Sample and Sampling Technique
Instrument for Data Collection
Validation of Instrument
Reliability of the Instrument
Method of Data Collection
Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER FOUR: Results and Discussion
Results
Summary of major findings
Discussion of the findings
Implications of the findings

CHAPTER FIVE: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
Summary
Conclusion
Recommendations
Limitations of the study
Recommendations for further studies
References

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction
Background to the study
Nigeria became a political entity following the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern protectorates in 1914. The British colonial administrator, Frederick Lugard, who was the architect of this union felt that this would help to solve the financial problems of the North, of which he was then the administrator. However, the interpretation of that exercise as a unification of two-well consolidated entities each of which had enjoyed recognized unique existence created political problems which extended to football in Nigeria. Ekeh (1989) asserted that from about 1950 to the present state of politics in Nigeria, there has always been the assumption that the North and the South are equal in status. The interpretation of the unification has been a major political issue in the governance of Nigeria.
The governing body of Nigeria football has gone through some metamorphoses. Starting as Nigerian Football Association (NFA) in 1938, it changed to Nigeria Football Association when it was reconstituted in November 1948, dropping its representative form for insular. But 60 years inter on July 24, 2008, the body changed to Nigeria Football Federation (NFF). That was the high point of the 2008 Annual General meeting of the body in Makurdi. In the early 1990s during the era of Air Commodore Sampson Emeka Omeruah as chairman, proposed to change the name of the body to Nigeria Football Federation, that the new name was a part of amendments to the statutes and that it was unanimously adopted by the house. However, the sports committee of the senate objected to the change in nomenclature, stating that the new name was not recognized by Nigeria laws. However, the body changed to NFF which has reached National Assembly in 2009 with not result yet.
Also, the insignia of the Eagles, which is also that of the football association had also changed. When the first national team left the shores of Nigeria on August 16, 1949, the 18 players and officials put on green blazers with NFA badge and grey flannel trousers. When the annual Nigeria-Ghana (then called Gold Coast) began on October 20, 1951, the NFA had a circular emblem with the inscription “Nigeria Football Association” on top of Gold Coast 1951.” In later years, especially in 1959, the Nigeria Football governing body had used illustrations on its letter heads. For instance, the application for affiliation into FIFA in 1959 had a goal-mouth scene. Another variation of the design as development in Nigeria football was used in the letter headed papers that the Nigeria football body used for its external communications to FIFA in 1960. And in 1963, the current NFA badge which is also what appears on the Eagles’ shirts is a green eagle atop a football. In the 1970s, two red rings were constructed round the emblem and the full name of the NFA was encircled around the eagle atop of ball.

Nigerian Football Federation (NFF) is a Federal Government Parastatal and is being administered under the Federal Civil Service Rules and Regulations, where the Federal Ministry of Sports and Social Development is the supervisory Ministry, the office of the Head of service of the federation is the over all authority (FCC, 1999). The Nigeria Football Federation is charged with development of football in the country. The extent to which the football development has taking place in Nigeria by the Nigerian Football Federation can only be revealed through a study such as this.

The Nigeria Football Association/Federation is composed of 16 board members excluding Secretary-General. The board members were selected from the eight football zones in the country. There are also 21 management/administrative staff which comprise the Secretary-General, Deputy Secretary- General (for general service), Deputy Secretary-General (Technical), Assistant Secretary-General (Competitions), Assistant Secretary-General (Technical), Assistant Secretary-General (Finance) and Assistant Secretary-General (Marketing) among others (office of the Head of civil service of the federation and NFF, 2010). The national players usually come through the open and selected camps. Each national football team/squad for a competition is usually made up of 18 - 23 players. The technical crew comprises chief coach, assistant coach I and II, medical doctor, Physio- therapist, team secretary and physical trainer. Each of the national teams is supposed to have all the above members of the technical crew.
Football is one of the major enterprises and perhaps the most popular sport and most important agent for the promotion and propagation of economic and socio-political values of a nation. Football serves as a pedestal on which greater economic, social and political attainments are built (Wikipedia, 2009). In this study, football is the sport/game that touches the lives and emotions of people of all ages and has brought the greatest honour to this country. Other values of football include: employment of coaches, players and other members of staff. In the business sphere, facility contractors, sports goods manufactures and general goods sellers are beneficiaries of football. It severs also as political tool which uplift the government and political to rise to certain heights. Football/sports development today, the general recognition of the importance of sports has made it to become a vehicle for promoting national unity and projecting the country’s image. This has brought about healthy rivalry among all the states of the Federation and helped to project the country’s image beyond her borders. There are various sporting arenas in the country. Apart for the multi-million naira National Sports Stadium in Surulere, Lagos, often referred to as sports city, there are other stadia of international standards in the country. They ire: liberty Stadium, Ibadan, Ahmadu Bello Stadium, Kaduna, Nnamdi Azikiwe Stadium, Enugu, Tafawa Balewa Stadium, Bauchi, Ogbe Stadium, Benin, Liberation Stadium, Port Harcourt....

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