EMERGENCY DATA INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR ROAD ACCIDENT VICTIMS (EDISRAV)

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ABSTRACT

Emergency Data Information System for Road Accident Victims(EDISRAV) is an online repository of personal emergency medical data  and blood bank  information, designed to facilitate collaboration between hospital accident emergency units and blood banks. This system perform two basic tasks: (1) It contains emergency medical data of registered members such as; blood groups and allergies. (2) It provides information about registered  blood banks, and also provides access to their contents. This system is managed by an administrator who registers people, blood banks, and hospitals with the system. This information system aims at eliminating the stress and risk involved in running around for blood and test during emergency cases. This system was implemented with PHP and MYSQL. The Emergency Data Information System for Road Accident Victims(EDISRAV)   will  reduce deaths associated with excessive loss of  blood in the cases of road accidents to the barest minimum if implemented in Nigeria.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Abstract
Table of Contents
List of Figures
List Tables

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUTION
1.1       Background
1.2       Statement of the problems
1.3       Aims/Objectives
1.4       Scope of the project
1.5       Project justification
1.6       Project Report Organization
1.7       Definition of Terms

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1       Road accidents rate in Nigeria
2.2       Information System
2.2.1    Components of Information Systems
2.3       Emergency Management
2.4       Emergency Management Information System

CHAPTER THREE
METHODOLOGY AND SYSTEM ANALYSIS
3.1        Approach
3.2       Tools:
3.2.1    PHP
3.2.2    MYSQL
3.3       Information Gathering
3.4       Data Analysis
3.5       Limitations of the Existing System
3.6       Overview of the Envisaged System

CHAPTER FOUR
SYSTEM DESIGN
4.1       System architecture
4.2       Project modules
4.2.1    Blood Bank Module
4.2.2    Sign Up Module
4.2.3    Blood Purchases Module
4.2.4    Sales Module
4.2.5    Stock module
4.2.6    Setup Module
4.2.7    About EDISRAV module
4.3     Flowcharts of operation
4.4       Database design
4.4.1    Blood bank table
4.4.2    Members table
4.4.3    PIN table
4.4.4    Stock table
4.5.5    Users table

CHAPTER FIVE
 SYSTEM IMPLEMENTATION AND TESTING
5.1       System Requirements
5.2       System Modules Implementation
5.2.1    Main Interface Module
5.2.2    EDISRAV Administrator’s Homepage
5.2.3    About EDISRAV Module
5.2.4    Members’ Module
5.2.4    Personal Data Module
5.2.5    Blood Bank Module
5.2.7    Sign Up Module
5.2.8    Purchases Module
5.2.9    Sales Module
5.2.10  Stock Module
5.2.11  Setup Module
5.2.12  Individual Members’ Module
5.2.13  Blood Bank Officers’ Module
5.3       Test Plan
5.3.1    Personal Data Module Test
5.3.2    Blood Bank Module Test
5.3.3    Sign Up Module
5.3.4    Purchases Module
5.3.5    Blood Sales Module
5.3.6    Stock Module
5.3.7    Setup Module
5.3.8    Main Interface Test
5.3.9    EDISRAV Homepage Module Test
5.4       System Performance Evaluation
5.8       BEME(Bill of Engineering Measurement and Evaluation)

CHAPTER SIX
SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
6.2       Summary
6.2       Problems Encountered
6.3       Recommendation
6.4      Contribution to Knowledge
6.5       Conclusion
BIBILIOGRAPHY
APPENDIXES


CHAPTER ONE
  
INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background
The rate at which road accidents occur in Nigeria is alarming. This led to lost of lives and property. There have been reported cases of  families that were wiped out by road accidents. This now posed a great challenge to the federal government of Nigeria.
In an attempt to reduce untimely deaths and destruction of lives properties resulting from road accidents, the Federal Government of Nigeria formally approved the establishment of the Federal Road Safety Commission in 1988. The main objectives of the FRSC is to enforce traffic laws and regulations. The government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria through the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) embarked on road safety campaign programmes, proper placement of traffic signs, periodic review of highway code, construction and maintenance of roads, recruitment and training of traffic police and road wardens on the enforcement of road safety rules and regulations, and a host of others, to see that the lives of the citizens of this country were not wasted unnecessarily.
The statistics of road accidents in Nigeria before the establishment of the Federal Road Safety Commission, for the period of 24 years (1960 – 1984) is as shown in table 1 below:

Table 1: 1960 – 1984 Nigerian Road Accident Statistics
YEAR
TOTAL CASES REPORTED
NO OF PERSONS KILLED
NO OF PERSONS INJURED
1960
14,130
1,083
13,216
1961
15,963
1,313
10,614
1962
16,317
1,578
10,341
1963
19,835
1,532
7.771
1964
15,927
1,769
12,581
1965
16,904
1,918
12,024
1966
14,000
2,000
13,000
1967
13,000
2,400
10,000
1968
12,163
2,808
9,474
1969
12,998
2,347
8,804
1970
16,666
2,893
13,154
1971
17,745
3,206
14,592
1972
23,287
3,921
16,161
1973
24,844
4,537
18,154
1974
28,893
4,992
18,660
1975
32,651
5,552
20,132
1976
40,881
6,761
28,155
1977
35,351
8,000
30,023
1978
36,111
9,252
28,854
1979
29,271
8,022
21,203
1980
32,138
8,736
25,484
1981
33,777
10,202
26,337
1982
37,094
11,382
28,539
1983
32,109
10,462
26,866
1984
28,892
8,830
23,861
1960-1984
600,947
125,496
445,000
Source:       Jacobs and Hands (1988).  Accidents  Rates in Developing                       Countries (Nigeria).

Despite the efforts of the federal government and the Road Safety Commission of Nigeria to reduce road accidents to the barest   minimal, road accidents still claim the lives of Nigerians in large numbers every year.
The Sun News Publishing of Thursday, November 20, 2008 reported that the  Corps Marshall of the Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), Mr. Osita  Chidoka, revealed that about  4,800 people die in road accidents in Nigeria every year. Also, the FRCN Corps  Marshal in a National Stakeholders’ Forum on Road Safety, recently, revealed that 7,737 road accidents were recorded in the country within the period of four months (December,2009 – March, 2010), which resulted to about 1,056 deaths.

 It is therefore obvious that some of the people who were involved in road accidents would have survived if urgent attentions were given to them such as   giving them the right type of blood and avoiding given them drugs they are allergic to.... 

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