AIR AS A MEDIUM OF EXPRESSION IN SCULPTURE

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ABSTRACT


Artists are inspired in many ways from several things they see in their environments, such as objects and through their activities with those objects. Artistic inspiration may also come from such things as weather, thoughts, feelings, mood, words etc. It is the strength of the artist to make conceptual feeling concrete. In this instance, the artist has selected air as a medium of expression in sculpture.
Air as an inevitable aspect of life, we use air everyday to sustain our lives. A number of things we have in our homes, offices, and industries etc, either function by air or function to make breeze is also a product of air. People are still researching for more findings on how to manipulate air to produce more things. Air is endowed with interesting qualities; though it is neither seen nor touched but it can be manipulated with either natural or mechanical (artificial) devise to obtain shapes, forms or movement. It is these qualities that attracted the artist attention. Air itself is not seen, but through its manipulations we can obtain shapes, forms and movement to form an interesting sculpture. There are more challenges on the idea of air as a medium of expression, hence this studio research is undertaken to give attention to air as its implication as a creative medium.

In the process of this research, the artist studied the shapes, forms, and attitude air takes when it is manipulated with various devices; while trying to understand the artistic problems that surround this project. Literature and research works done on air projects were reviewed. Those who have done considerable works, with similar experiences expected on this project were studied and the studio works were produced based on the objective of this study. The research and the studio experiments were package in five chapter report.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Abstract
Table of content

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1:1       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
1:2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1:3       OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
1:4       SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1:5       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

CHPTERT TWO
2:1       LITERATURE REVIEW
2:2       SOURCES OF INSPIRATION

CHAPTER THREE
3:1       METHODOLOGY/PROJECT DESCRIPTION
3:2       SOURCING OF INSPIRATION AND MATERIALS
3:3       STUDIO TECHNIQUES
3:4       PRELIMINARY SKETCHES FOR
3:5       PREPARATION OF THE MATERIALS FOR EXPLORATION
3:6       INFLATING THE MATERIALS
3:7       TYING OF MATERIALS
3:8       ARRANGEMENT/INSTALLATION OF THE INFLATED OBJECTS

CHAPTER FOUR: ANALYSIS OF WORKS
4.1       DIVIDEND OF DEMOCRACY IN AFRICA
4.2       PRIDE OF LIFE
4.3       SURVIVAL OF THE FITTEST
4.4       JOBLESSNESS
4.5       OTHER SIDE OF THE PARTY
4.6       HUMANITARIAN CRISES
4.7       FLOODING
4.8       UNTITLED
4.9       COMFORT
4.10     FUEL SUBSIDY

CHAPTER FIVE
CONCLUTION
REFERENCE


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION 

1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
If one reflects on air, one may wonder about the mysteries of it. It is neither seen nor touched; yet it is the basic element of life. Without air, life will not be possible in any form. Air can simply be defined as “the mixture of gases that surround the atmosphere”. The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (2007) and Encarta Encyclopaedia 1999 explained these gases to include nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide, argon, hydrogen and small quantities of neon, helium and other inert gases.

The scientist has experimented on air and has applied it in the medical field in certain situations. For instance, artificial air is at times administered to patient for therapeutic purposes before surgical operations. It is also used with breathing apparatus for the safety of those that work in certain environment such as under water, refineries and chemical plants. Besides, it is used in the process of air conditioning in industries, offices, public and some private homes to regulate machine and body temperature. Other ways air is used industrially include welding (where it is combined with gas to produce welding scarfing flame, flame clearing, flame hardening and flame straightening); manufacturing of steel (combustion temperature in blast furnaces and open hearth furnaces as well as replacing coke with other combustible materials during steel making processes) carbon oxides, which leaves as gases. In the making of chemical pulps. Mill-oxygen is added into combustion air to increase the production capacity of the soda recovery boiler and the lime-reburning kiln. Again, the use of air as oxygen reduces the discharge of sulfur pollutant into the atmosphere and in other sense, permits increased capacity in existing treatment of plants. Injecting oxygen into severs reduces hydrogen sulfide formation.

In the area of art, artists have explored air and come up with what is known as air sculpture. Their works in this direction are usually referred to as air art and air installation. They are intermedia and time-based art forms in which sculpture or any kind of object(s) takes form or react to the effect of air (in the sense that air is manipulated in such a way as to create a sculpture or oppose form or mass).
Air as a medium of expression in sculpture is based on the idea that objects are affected by the action of air, which may result to inflatable, wind and sound sculpture. The action of air may either be mechanically manipulated through electricity, steam engine or using natural phenomena such as wind or wave powered. According to a British based electronics group established in the 1990s, air sculpture is seen as a reaction to music scene that no longer reflect the tastes. The energy and edge of 70s has become diluted into a malange clinical digital sound play. Air Sculpture (2008) explained that air sculpture is created to bring much excitement or comfort as state-of-the-art lighting or sound. The term “air sculpture” was coined to convey the idea that a scene is built exactly like a sculpture. Different refined facets and volumes are combined to represent a whole world of impression in a 3 dimensional delightful reality.

The use of air in art could be likened to some of the things that happen in our environment such as the diffusion of the blue sky that may be cloudy and rainy. Sometimes we observe wind storm that causes damages and landscape devastation. For instance, the wind storm, peaked at166km per hour known as ‘Dericho’ occurred in northern Minnesota in the United State of America in July 4th, 1999 and blew down thousands of trees and causing several damages to buildings. There are also times when we see birds flying from one.....

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