PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF CLEOME VISCOSA

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ABSTRACT


Cleome viscosa Linn (Capparaceae) commonly known as “wild or dog mustard” is an annual sticky herb found as a common weed all over the plains of India and through the trophics of the world. The whole plant and its parts (Leaves, pods and roots) are widely used in traditional and folkloric systems of medicine. Cleome viscosa were extracted with and all these extract were screened for the presence of various metabolites (primary and secondary) including proteins, carbohydrates, etc was found in the roots and the alkaloids, glycosides, amino acids, volatile oils, steroids and terpenoids are present in all three parts of C. viscosa, the result showed that.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Table of contents
List of tables
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
1.0       Introduction
1.1       Importance of Phytochemicals
1.2       Statement of the problem
1.3       Justification
1.4       Aim of the study
1.5       Objectives of the study

CHAPTER TWO
2.0       Species and origins
2.1       Breeding
2.2       High in Vitamins and Micronutrients and Values
2.3       High oil Content in seed
2.4       Spider plant as medicine
2.5       Uses in traditional medicine and other reported activities
2.6       Spider plant in crop production

CHAPTER THREE
3.0       Method and materials
3.1       Study area
3.2       Collection of samples
3.3       Preparation of extracts
3.4       Phytochemicals screenings
3.4.1 Test for Alkaloids
3.4.2 Test for Saponins
3.4.3 Test for Flavonoids
3.4.4 Test for Tannins
3.4.5 Test for Amino acids
3.4.6 Test for Phenols
3.4.7 Test for Glycosides
3.4.8 Test for Terpenoids
3.4.9 Test for Volatile oils
3.4.10 Test for Balsams
3.4.11 Test for Anthraquinone
3.4.12 Test for Steroids
3.4.13 Test for Saponin Glycosides
3.4.14 Test for Cardiac Glycosides

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0       Result

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0       Discussion
5.1       Conclusion
5.2       Recommendation
References


CHAPTER ONE


1.0 INTRODUCTION


Definition



The Cleome viscosa Linn is commonly known as Asian spider flower or yellow spider flower. It belongs to Capperaceae family.C.viscosa is a weed distributed throughout the tropics of the world and the plains of india. It is known as Asian spider flower in English, Namijin `yaranguwa in Hausa, Hurhur in India, Hurhuria in Bengali, Nayikkadugan in Tamil (Asolkaret, al. 1992).Traditionally, this plant is used in various disorders such as diarrhoea, fever, inflammation, liver diseases, bronchitis, skin diseases, and malarial fever (Henty and Pritchard, 1975). The juice is useful in piles, lumbago and earache. The analgesic, antipyretic and anti-diarrhoeal activities of the extract have been reported by researchers, it was noted that the fresh leaves of C.viscosa are widely used as medicine for Jaundice.....


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