FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE AND QUOTA SYSTEM IN NIGERIA: A CRITICAL ASSESSMENT OF THE RECRUITMENT EXERCISE IN THE PUBLIC SERVICE (A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL INLAND REVENUE (FIRS) SOKOTO STATE)

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ABSTRACT


The main purpose of this research work was to examine the Federal Character Principle and Quota System in Nigeria and its relationship with the recruitment exercise in the public service. This was prompted by the fact that there is growing disenchantment in some quarters about the implementation of the federal character principle and quota system, which they believe leads to the violation of the merit principle and lowering of standards in the recruitment of personnel into the public service which will serve as a way of recruiting and promoting less competent staff into the service resulting inevitably to poor performance. Therefore, the research recommended that the application of merit system or meritocracy should become the Linchpin in the recruitment of personnel into the Nigerian public service in order not to endanger standards and professionalism. It was also recommended that there is the need to strike a balance between the application of federal character principle, quota system and the Merit principle in order to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the service, and for equity, unity and fairplay to prevail in the country.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE
TABLE OF CONTENT
ABSTRACT

CHAPTER ONE: GENERAL INTRODUCTION
1.1       BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
1.2       STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.3       RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1.4       OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
1.5       RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
1.6       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.7       SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.8       SCHEME OF CHAPTERS
1.9       DEFINITION OF TERM
            REFERENCE

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1       LITERATURE REVIEW
2.2       FEDERALISM AND FEDERAL STRUCTURE OF NIGERIA
2.3.      THE FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE
2.4       THE QUOTA SYSTEM
2.5       MERITOCRACY AND WORKABILITY OF THE FEDERAL CHARACTER PRINCIPLE
2.6       THE FEDERAL CHARACTER COMMISSION
2.6.1. COMPOSITION AND POWER OF THE COMMISION
2.6.2 EXAMINATION OF THE POWER OF THE COMMISSION
2.6.3    THE ENFORCEMENT POWER OF THE COMMISSION
2.7.      THEORITICAL FRAMEWORK
            REFERENCE

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1       INTRODUCTION
3.2       RESEARCH DESIGN
3.3       POPULATION OF THE STUDY
3.4       SAMPLE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUES
3.5       SOURCE OF DATA COLLECTION
3.6       INSTRUMENT FOR DATA COLLECTION
3.7       VALIDATION AND RELIABILITY OF INSTRUMENT
3.8       METHOD OF ANALYSIS
3.9       TESTING OF HYPOTHESES
            REFERENCES

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1       INTRODUCTION
4.2       SECTION A: PERSONAL DATA
4.3       SECTION B: QUESTIONNAIRE RESPONSES
4.4       TESTING OF HYPOTHESES

CHAPTER FIVE
5.1       SUMMARY
5.2       CONCLUSION
5.3       RECOMMENDATION
            BIBLIOGRAPHY
            APPENDIX


CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Today in Nigeria the use of federal character and quota system has become an instrument for recruitment into federal, state and local government civil service. In most federal system of government, the major issue is usually that of resources sharing among the federal units at horizontal and vertical level. According to Elaigwu (1992) where the sharing arrangements are working well, there are less agitations and citizens have a feeling of belonging and equity. On the other hand where the quota system is not working well the citizen agitates and makes all sorts of demands such as call for national conference, etc. However, in Nigeria, after a series of debate in 1975 the constitutional drafting committee was set up which established federal character commission as a body charge with the responsibility of implementing the federal character principle in order to ensured equitable sharing of posts in the public services. This was also enshrined in the 1999 federal constitution of federal republic of Nigeria.


The federal character and quota system as enshrined in the constitution of Nigeria is to ensure equitable distributions of bureaucratic and political roles in the public service at federal, states and local government levels. The objectives of the policy are to foster national unity and give every Nigerian a sense of belonging in the country. In support of this view Usman(2004;117) said that it was an effort to....


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