ENTREPRENEURSHIP KNOWLEDGE AND SELF-EMPLOYMENT INTENTION AMONG UNDERGRADUATES (A Case Study of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Sokoto)

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ABSTRACT


This study provides understanding of entrepreneurial intention of undergraduates. It reports findings from qualitative data retrieved from self-administered questionnaires to final year students of Usmanu Danfodio University Sokoto that were selected through random sampling. Analytical techniques used include frequency, percentages and logit regression to know the impact of entrepreneurship education on the intention of students to be self-employed. Finally, the study found that exposure of students to entrepreneurship education did not influence their intention to be self-employed due to the fact that entrepreneurship education is a new course and also found other factors such as age, faculty, finance, tribe which had a significant impact on entrepreneurship intention of undergraduates and that despite the knowledge of entrepreneurship education as a contributory factor towards self-employment, undergraduates require additional support to overcome unforeseen challenges.


TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page
Table Content
List of Tables
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.0       Background of the Study
1.1       Statement of the Problem
1.2       Objective of the study
1.3       Research hypothesis
1.4       importance of the study
1.5       scope of the study
1.6       Limitation of the study
1.7       Assumption of the study
1.8       Scheme of chapters

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2. 0 Review of theoretical and empirical literature
2.1       Conceptual framework
2.1.1    Concept of entrepreneur
2.1.2    Entrepreneurship
2.1.3    Entrepreneurship knowledge
2.2       Theoretical reviews
2.2.1    Cantillion’s theory of entrepreneurship
2.2.2    Joseph Schumpeter’s innovation theory
2.2.3    Alfred Marshall’s theory of entrepreneurship
2.2.4    Sociological entrepreneurship theory
2.3       Review of empirical literature

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.0       Introduction
3.1       Description of study Area
3.2       Sample population and sampling techniques
3.3       Sources of data
3.4       Method of data presentation and analysis
3.5       Model specification
3.6       Variable measurement

CHAPTER FOUR: INTERPRETATION AND PRESENTATION OF DATA
4.0       Introduction
4.1       Descriptive data Analysis
4.2       Factors influencing self-employment intention
4.3       Analysis of logit model
4.4       Test of hypothesis

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.0       Introduction
5.1 Summary
5.2       Conclusion
5.3       Recommendation
            References
            Appendix


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

This chapter discusses the background to the study, statement of research problem, objectives of the study, importance of the study, research hypothesis, scope of the study, assumptions of the study, limitation of the study, and the scheme of chapters.

1.0 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Entrepreneurship has found its way into higher education all around the globe. With the knowledge of entrepreneurship a percentage of undergraduates have developed the zeal to start up their own business after graduation hence pursuing self employment. Entrepreneurship knowledge in universities caters for student’s expectation of education as a means to satisfy their search for newness, uniqueness and practicality (Fredrick and visser 2005).


Becoming an entrepreneur very often is the result of a personal decision making process including assessment of opportunities and their costs (being employed, being unemployed, being one’s own boss) risk-reward relationship (what is at stake) and others. Some cultural beliefs, values, and behaviors in a country can influence this decision. Many inputs and circumstances contribute to entrepreneurial success but of particular importance are having the right skills and competences to identify and realize opportunities to recognize difficulties in time and to respond to failures. Starting early in getting familiar with the idea that running one’s own firm is a potential career option is important and education plays a core role in this. Hence the number of universities that mobilize their graduates for entrepreneurship careers is growing rapidly.

Universities in particular provide unique learning environment for nascent entrepreneurs. It is the combination of research activities with teaching the various applications of knowledge and the variety of perceptions of entrepreneurial opportunities and risks that can make a difference in motivating and preparing successful entrepreneurs especially among youths because they have the necessary skills and have been trained in their institutions not just to be employed but to be employers of labour which is important as it will lead to more job creation and reduce the unemployment rate. Some universities match their entrepreneurship education activities with ‘hands on support’, by facilitating access to finance by offering individual or teams physical support. (Clark 2000).

Entrepreneurship education and the provision of ‘hands on support’ are still new tasks for many universities. Successful implementation requires not only closer links between researchers and educationists missions of a.....


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