DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF SMS BASED WATER BILLING SYSTEM (A CASE STUDY OF BAGUDO LOCAL GOVERNMENT WATER BOARD, KEBBI STATE)

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ABSTRACT


Billing is a critical function of most Water Boards especially towards sending the bill to their consumers. Most problems, currently seen, result from the manual processes followed. Calculation errors, delays in system updating and bill sending, also report tracking issues are the major problems that water boards find difficult to find answers for. This project work provides a solution called an sms based water billing system to collect, process and notify consumers about consumption. This system will be reliable, efficient and accurate to suit the requirements of Bagudo local government water board. The proposed solution uses evolving Mobile Technologies known as SMS and voguepay online payment technologies, over


a      solution which uses web applications to handle the organization’s day to day transactions which will allow the water board to send bills to their consumers via SMS and consumers to pay their bills using ATM cards. The burden on the billing is lessened and other new features have also been introduced. Consumer interaction with the organization is improved and consumers can easily view their monthly water bills by login to the organization’s web site.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Table of contents
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Background of the study
1.3 Statement of the problem
1.4 Aims and Objectives
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Scope and Limitation
1.7 Definition of terms
1.7.1    Internet
1.7.2    Web
1.7.3    Web browser
1.7.4    Website
1.7.5    Web page
1.7.6    Localhost
1.7.7    Web server

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Introduction to billing
2.2 Types of billing
2.3 Classification of bills
2.4 Online billing systems (Electronic bills)
2.4.1 Features of online bills
2.4.2 Advantages of online billing systems
2.4.3 Disadvantages of online billing systems
2.5 Short message service (SMS)
2.5.1 Types of short message service (SMS)
2.6 Water meter
2.6.1 Meter reading (MR)
2.7 Review of some existing water billing systems
2.8 Software tools
2.8.1 Hypertext markup language (HTML)
2.8.2 Hypertext preprocessor (PHP)
2.8.3 Apache http server
2.8.4 Mysql
2.8.5 Java script
2.8.6 Wamp server

CHAPTER THREE: SYSTEM ANALYSIS
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Requirement analysis
3.2.1 Hardware requirements
3.2.2 Software requirements
3.2.3 Preferred requirements
3.3 Analysis of the current system
3.3.1 Analysis of the input
3.3.2 Analysis of the output
3.3.3 Analysis of the existing system procedure
3.4 Files maintained
3.5 Web-design methodology
3.5.1 Mission statement
3.5.2 Audience modeling
3.5.3 Conceptual modeling
3.5.4 Implementation design phase
3.5.5 Implementation phase
3.6 Expectations of the new system

CHAPTER FOUR: SYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
4.1 Introduction
4.2 System design
4.3 Description of the proposed system
4.3.1 Steps of design process
4.3.2 System flow design
4.3.3 Data flow diagram
4.3.4 Use case
4.3.5 Database design
4.4 System implementation
4.4.1 Login page
4.4.2 Registration page
4.4.3 Consumer home page
4.4.4 Password resetting page
4.4.5 Feedback page
4.4.6 Cashiers page
4.4.7 Administrator control panel
4.5 System testing
4.5.1 Testing method
4.5.2 Test plan
4.5.3 Types of testing

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary
5.2 Conclusion
5.3 Recommendation
5.4 Suggestions for further research
5.5 References


CHAPTER ONE


1.1         INTRODUCTION


It is obvious that without technology there is no modernization, and modernization in turn brings about improvement in the quality of our lives. The invention of computer and some other related devices has no doubt brought improvement in the quality of life. With the introduction of computer many software were invented and has made those things, which seem not to be possible, a reality.

SMS Based Water Billing Software is a special program designed to store and manages the records of all the billing activities of the Bagudo water board. It helps to save the record of consumers, cashiers and monthly bills. It also helps to send consumers monthly bills via SMS.




1.2         BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY


The importance of computer cannot be over emphasized since the ancient times, computer has proven itself capable of accepting data, storing, processing and producing an accurate result or output. Since computer has partially taken most of the responsibilities of human being, i intend to embed the use of computer in the billing exercise.

Water Board is an organization that deals with several paper works and ledger cards in saving records. These records increase every day as transaction is always going on in the organization. As the record increases, information saving, retrieval and maintenance is becoming tedious every day. There is lack of security because the data can be altered by any individual....


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