BORDER MARKETS AND ECONOMIC COOPERATION IN NIGERIA AND BENIN REPUBLIC: A CASE STUDY OF TSAMIYA AND LOLO

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE: BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
1.0       Introduction
1.2       Statement of the problem
1.3       Aim and Objectives of the Study
1.4       Significance of the study
1.5       Scope and limitation of the study
1.6       Research Methodology
1.7       Literature Review

CHAPTER TWO: HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF TSAMIYA AND LOLO BORDER TOWNS
2.0       Introduction
2.1       Historical Origin and Development of Tsamiya and Lolo Towns
2.2       Tradition of Origin
2.3       Socio-economic Activities of the people of Tsamiya  and Lolo

CHAPTER THREE: GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF TSAMIYA AND LOLO BORDER MARKETS
3.1       Introduction
3.2       The Growth of Tsamiya and Lolo Border Markets
3.3       Nature of Cross-border trade in Tsamiya and Lolo Markets
3.4       Smuggling in Tsamiya and Lolo Border Areas

CHAPTER FOUR: THE ROLE OF TSAMIYA AND LOLO BORDER MARKETS TO THE SOCIO - ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION OF NIGERIA AND BENIN REPUBLIC
4.0       Introduction
4.1       Organisation of the Trade
4.2       Profile of some cross-border Traders in Tsamiya and Lolo Border Markets
4.3       Structure of Cross-border Trade

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
5.1       Summary
5.2       Conclusion
Bibliography


CHAPTER ONE

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY



1.0        Introduction

Tsamiya and Lolo Markets existed since the pre-colonial period. They are located at the extreme end of Nigeria's international border with Benin Republic in the north-west. The attainment of independence of the two countries by their former colonial masters has contributed significantly in the economic development of those two border markets. The geographical proximity of these border markets facilitates cross-border trade in the area.


It would be recalled that the European partition and eventual colonization of Africa created a lot of tariff walls within West African sub-region, particularly between the Francophone and English speaking countries. With the attainment of independence, the pattern of trade relations developed across the border areas of Nigeria and Benin. Citizens of these areas eagerly entered in to the cross border trade as an easy means of living. Consequently, there developed large markets with full of goods traded and people who come daily from across areas of the two countries to buy and sell. Tsamiya and Lolo are typical of these border markets which developed out of this economic necessity. The large-scale economic activities taking place in Tsamiya and Lolo towns attracted a large number of people to settle in the towns. Eventually, the same ethnic groups are virtually found along the border areas of the two countries namely Nigeria and Benin.

Geographical proximity and historical relations are two must important factors that led to the growth of the two border markets. The River Niger also has been another important factor in the development of cross-border trade in both Tsamiya and Lolo. The fertility of the land consequently attracted the earliest inhabitants in the area and serve as a basis for large-scale commercial activities.



1.2        Statement of the Problem

Tsamiya and Lolo are among the oldest towns along the Middle Niger Valley and today falls under Bagudo Local Government area of Kebbi State. The people of the area contributed a lot to the economic development of not only Kebbi State but the entire country general. They have also been playing a significant role as an important cross - border markets of the area where the exchange of goods and service is taking place. There is acute paucity of documented historical of these societies especially the history covering not only the political aspect but the socio-economic sphere. The little that had been written on the area is more or less on the development of the political institutions. This study is therefore hoped to fill this vacuum....


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