ANALYSIS OF THE RIGHTS OF INMATES IN KAURA NAMODA SATELITE PRISON, ZAMFARA STATE

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ABSTRACT


Prisons in many countries of the world are overcrowded and congested, have decaying infrastructure, lack hygiene and adequate health facilities, and, as such, prisoner’s health and life are in danger. An attempt to analyze the rights of inmates in Kaura Namoda Satalite prison is the major objective. Moreover, survey research was used for the purpose of the study which adopts both quantitative and qualitative methods of research. It samples the entire population in the prison (80 respondents) and makes use of questionnaire and interview methods for data collection. The findings of this shows that inmates rights on the average are respected and do not suffer wide range of violation as established by other researchers, for example it was gathered that about 63(78.8%) respondents said they are not faced with this problem, only 17(21.3%) said they are confronted with rights violation. So this reveal that most of the inmates enjoy certain rights, also some inmates statements made research understand that in most cases their rights are often violated with reason, either to protect others from being injured by an inmate’s or to prevent future occurrence of particular act. The institution of prison is set up for the purpose of rehabilitating inmates. Even though this goal is not met, there is the need for the government to review and reform the rules which guide the prison to conform to the international standard.


TABLES OF CONTENT

Title
Tables of content
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1       Background of the study
1.2       Statement of research problem
1.3       Research questions
1.4       Research objectives
1.5       Relevance of the study
1.6       Scope and limitation
1.7       Operational definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1       Introduction
2.2       Crime and criminal justice system
2.3       The history of prison in Nigeria
2.4       The concept of prison
2.5       Theoretical explanation on prison
2.6       Types of prison in Nigeria
2.7       Function of the prison
2.8       The condition of prison and prisoners in Nigeria
2.9       What are rights of rights?
2.10     Why inmate’s rights?
2.11     Problems of prison reform in Nigeria
2.12     Theoretical framework

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY
3.1       Introduction
3.2       Research design
3.3       Study settings
3.4       Population of the study
3.5       Population profile of Kaura Namoda Satelite prison
3.6       Sample size and sampling techniques
3.7       Instrument of data collection
3.8       Administration of the instruments
3.9       Data analysis techniques
3.10     Problems encountered

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1       Introduction
4.2       Data presentation and analysis
4.3       Discussion of findings

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1       Introduction
5.2       Summary of findings
5.3       Conclusion
5.4       Recommendations
References
Appendix


CHAPTER ONE


INTRODUCTION


1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY



“All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood” UDHR (1948; 111). The rights addressed here are those inherent in dignity in the concept of worth and value of a man as human being. Rodley (1999), observed that as good as these rights are entitled to human being; it is not totally clear whether inmates or prisoners have recognizable rights embracing this dignity of human person. This is traceable to the United Kingdom when in (1988), the bill of rights aptly outlaw cruel and unusual treatment, set stage for a universal standard for the treatment of prisoners in detention. America proclaims such rights, Canada in its charter replicated same, and South Africa represents a good example of a constitutional democracy that incorporates such ideals. Nigeria and most other countries who albeit do not incorporate but recognize that prisoners be treated with human respect.

Human rights are those accrued to one because they are human being. These rights are equal and inalienable to all human beings (Donnelly, 1999). In this respect, international human rights instrument recognize such rights; a typical example is the minimum standard rule which set minimum standard for the treatment of prisoners.

There is a climate of view represented by the society’s emphasis on the retributive nature of imprisonment, thus prisoners’ rights should be juxtaposed with public security concerns of panel institutions. To this end, some scholars argue that prisoner’s rights to some extent are limited in the most part. While others canvass that inmate do not relinquish all constitutional rights on admission into the prison. The minimum standard rule in its rules {9-22} graphically specifies provision for accommodation, floor space, bed and bedding, ventilation, personal hygiene....

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