THE ROLE OF MIGRANT COMMUNITIES IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF KANKIA TOWN, 1950-2016: A CASE STUDY OF YORUBA AND IGBO

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ABSTRACT

Nigeria is a multi ethnic and multi religious country and thus there have been occurrence of ethnic-religious and political conflicts. Study of intergroup relation, such as that of Kankia which portray peaceful co-existence amidst peoples with variations in cultural and religious backgrounds, is of high relevance in the country nowadays. This research therefore, attempted to study the Role of Igbo and Yoruba migrants in the development of Kankia town, 1950-2016. Based on the framework of push and pull factors, the work examined the cases responsible for the settlement of migrants in Kankia, among which economic factor was the most important. The study further examines the social and economic activities of Igbo and Yoruba, their dominant role in certain commercial enterprises and their contributions to the development of Kankia town. Also, the study discovered that, relations between the migrants and their hosts have, for long, been cordial. For the Yoruba migrants, for instance, because of Islam as a factor, there have been instances of inter-marriages with their Hausa host communities. The study then recommends that, peoples of the country generally and policy makers in particular need to learn from Kankia so as to promote peaceful co-existence among Nigerian communities for the betterment of all. This study was carried out, using primary and secondary sources.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page
Abbreviation
Table of contents
Abstract

CHAPTER ONE
BACKGROUD OF THE STUDY
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Statement of problem
1.3 Aim and objectives
1.4 Significance of the study
1.5 Scope and limitation
1.6   Conceptual Clarification
1.7 Sources of data and methodology
1.8 Literature Review
1.9 Conclusion
1.9 Endnotes

CHAPTER TWO
THE HISTORICAL ORIGIN OF KANKIA TOWN,ITS LAND AND PEOPLE
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Geographical Location of Kankia town
2.3 The Traditions of the Origin of Kankia
2.4 The establishment of Kankia town and its early political system
2.5 Economic activities
2.6 Kankia During the colonial period
2.7 Major Development in Post-Colonial Period
2.8 Conclusion
2.9 Endnotes

CHAPTER THREE
THE MIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT OF IGBO AND YORUBA IN KANKIA TOWN
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Migration of Yoruba to Kankia town and their settlement pattern
3.3 The economic activities of Yoruba migrant in Kankia town
3.5 Migration of Igbo to Kankia town and their settlement pattern
3.6 The economic activities of Igbo migrant in Kankia town
3.7 The pattern of Igbo and Yoruba settlements in Kankia
3.8 Conclusion
3.8 Endnotes

CHAPTER FOUR
THE ROLE OF IGBO AND YORUBA IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF KANKIA TOWN
4.1 Introduction
4.2 The impact of Igbo and Yoruba migrant in the development of Kankia town
4.2.1 The impact of Yoruba Migrants
4.2.2 The impacts of Igbo Migrants
4.3 The Dynamic of intergroup relations in Kankia town
4.3.1 Hausa Yoruba Relations
4.32. Hausa Igbo Relations
 4.33. Igbo Yoruba
4.7    Conclusion
4.8 Endnotes

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary
5.2Conclusion
BIBLIOGRAPHY


CHAPTER ONE
BACKGROUND OF STUDY
1.1              Introduction
Migrant communities, throughout the world, have been playing significant roles in the development of societies. For instance, the activities of migrants in different part of Africa contributed in re-shaping many societies and are viewed as major aspects of the history of Africa. Therefore human migration has been transforming the aspect of racial and linguistic composition of human population.1 Generally, scholars are of the view that migration is influenced by two important factors: the push and the pull factors.2 the push factors include famine, war and flooding. The pull factors on the other hand, attract migrants to settle in an area, such as better socio-political and economic atmosphere. According to Abdulkadir the occurrence of famine and food shortage in some parts of Nigeria in 1932, for instance, served as push factors to the migration of people to different parts of Nigeria and beyond.3
This research is concerned with the migration and settlement of Yoruba and Igbo communities in Kankia town, 1950 – 2016. The Yoruba and Igbo came to Kankia town, in the second half of the 20th century, Igbo and Yoruba migrants were the predominant traders in Kankia  town  in fact their settlement facilitated trade and other economic activities in Kankia. This research is divided into five chapters. Chapter one gives the general background of the study. Chapter two examines the history of the area of study. Chapter three discusses the migration and settlement of Igbo and Yoruba migrants in Kankia town. Chapter four analyses the impact of Igbo and Yoruba in Kankia town. Chapter five provides summary and conclusion to the study.
1.2  Statement of the Problem
Kankia is one of the towns in Katsina Local Government that witnessed the arrival and settlement of migrant communities. The predominant migrants in Kankia town are the Igbo and Yoruba. The settlement of these communities has social and economic significance. However up till now, this development has not been studied and recorded. Looking at the country at large, there have been series of ethno-political and religious conflict. The case of Kankia was however different Igbo and Yoruba migrants have been living peacefully with certain level of economic interdependence. It is therefore imperative to examine the pattern of intergroup relations in Kankia so learn from the lessons it contains. This work therefore essentially examines migrant communities in Kankia town with specific reference to Igbo and Yoruba. Therefore the following questions are therefore addressed in the... 


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